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Bangalore, India

Bhat V.,Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center
Journal of Clinical Imaging Science | Year: 2014

This pictorial illustration demonstrates various aspects of arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS) obtained predominantly from a multiple detector computed tomography (MDCT) examination of a patient. In addition, a comprehensive review of typical multi-modality imaging observations in patients with ATS is presented along with a description of a few imaging signs. Non-invasively obtained, conclusive information is required in patients with ATS in view of the fragile vascular structures involved. An amazing wealth of information can be obtained by reviewing the volumetric data sets of MDCT examination. In the context of incomplete clinical information or remote reading of radiographic examination with inadequate clinical details, ability to "image data mine" the hidden, unexplored information may be vastly useful. The role of MDCT as a single modality of evaluation in ATS is highlighted. © 2014 Bhat.

Dawood S.,Dubai Hospital | Sirohi B.,Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center
Future Oncology | Year: 2015

Pertuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting HER2 that is different from trastuzumab in that it binds to a different domain of HER2; hence, combining the two drugs leads to a more comprehensive blockade of the receptor. This is the first drug to receive fast-track approval from US FDA based on the pathologic complete response (as the primary end point) attained in patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. Pertuzumab is approved in first-line treatment in metastatic setting both by FDA and EMA in combination with trastuzumab and docetaxel. Combining two targeted therapies ('dual blockade') will certainly escalate treatment costs and it remains to be seen if this strategy will find its way in to the clinic for all patients. © 2015 Future Medicine Ltd.

Mallath M.K.,Tata Medical Center | Taylor D.G.,University College London | Badwe R.A.,Tata Memorial Center | Rath G.K.,All India Institute of Medical Sciences | And 20 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2014

Cancer can have profound social and economic consequences for people in India, often leading to family impoverishment and societal inequity. Reported age-adjusted incidence rates for cancer are still quite low in the demographically young country. Slightly more than 1 million new cases of cancer are diagnosed every year in a population of 1·2 billion. In age-adjusted terms this represents a combined male and female incidence of about a quarter of that recorded in western Europe. However, an estimated 600 000-700 000 deaths in India were caused by cancer in 2012. In age-standardised terms this figure is close to the mortality burden seen in high-income countries. Such figures are partly indicative of low rates of early-stage detection and poor treatment outcomes. Many cancer cases in India are associated with tobacco use, infections, and other avoidable causes. Social factors, especially inequalities, are major determinants of India's cancer burden, with poorer people more likely to die from cancer before the age of 70 years than those who are more affluent. In this first of three papers, we examine the complex epidemiology of cancer, the future burden, and the dominant sociopolitical themes relating to cancer in India. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Elango K.J.,Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center | Anandkrishnan N.,Head and Neck Institute | Suresh A.,Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center | Iyer S.K.,Head and Neck Institute | And 3 more authors.
Oral Oncology | Year: 2011

Oral cancer is a potentially preventable disease due to its association with well-known risk factors and easy detectability. There is a significant deficiency in the awareness of oral cancer and its risk factors among the public. Raising public awareness could effectively contribute to achieving a significant reduction in the incidence of oral cancer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mouth self-examination (MSE) in improving the awareness of oral cancer and its risk factors as well as test its feasibility as an oral cancer-screening tool. The study was carried out in a high-risk population of 57,704 from India, of which, 34,766 individuals who have met the eligibility criteria formed the study population. MSE brochures and trained health workers were employed for the purpose of health education and cancer screening. The present study compared their efficacy to detect oral lesions. Subjects with suspicious lesions were referred to the trained oral cancer specialist for confirmation. A questionnaire to assess the awareness of oral cancer and its risk factors was developed and validated. SPSS (v.11.0) was used for data analysis. The program identified 216 cases of potentially malignant lesions as well as three cases of oral cancer. The findings of MSE and health workers showed 72% concordance, while that of health workers and oral cancer specialist showed 100% concordance. MSE had a low sensitivity of 18%, while the specificity was 99.9%. Though the technique identified high-risk lesions such as red patches (66.7%) and non-healing ulcers (42.9%), the detection rate of white patches was low (12.7%). Overall awareness of oral cancer and its risk factors after introduction of MSE program was over 80%; but the compliance to seek treatment was poor (32%). Mouth self-examination may be used as an effective tool to improve the awareness of oral cancer and for the early detection of lesions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Kekatpure V.D.,Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center | Manjula B.V.,Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center | Mathias S.,Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center | Trivedi N.P.,Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center | And 2 more authors.
Microsurgery | Year: 2013

Resection of advanced gingivo-buccal tumors results in a posterolateral mandibular and large soft tissue defect. Because of large soft tissue requirement, these defects are difficult to reconstruct using a single osteocutaneous flap. A double free flap reconstruction of such defects is recommended. However, double flap may not be feasible in certain situations. In this study, we objectively evaluated functional and cosmetic outcomes following single soft-tissue flap reconstruction in a group of patients where double flap reconstruction was not feasible. Patient and defect characteristics were obtained from charts. The speech and swallowing functions of patients were prospectively assessed by a dedicated therapist. The cosmetic outcome of reconstruction was evaluated by an independent observer. Fifty-six patients with large soft tissue and segmental posterolateral mandible defect, reconstructed with anterolateral thigh or pectoralis major flap from May 2009 till December 2010 were included. In this series, none of the flaps were lost; two patients with pectoralis major flap developed partial skin paddle loss. Most of the patients developed mandibular drift; however, majority of these patients had no postoperative trismus. All patients resumed regular or soft solid oral diet. The mean speech intelligibility was more than 70%. Majority of patients had satisfactory cosmetic outcome. The defects were classified into regions resected to develop a reconstruction algorithm for optimal reconstruction using a free or pedicle flap. In conclusion, patients with large oro-mandibular defect undergoing single soft tissue flap reconstruction have satisfactory functional and cosmetic outcome. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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