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Sharp Corporation is a Japanese multinational corporation that designs and manufactures electronic products. Headquartered in Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan, Sharp employed 50,253 people worldwide as of March 2014. The company was founded in September 1912 and takes its name from one of its founder's first inventions, the Ever-Sharp mechanical pencil, which was invented by Tokuji Hayakawa in 1915. Sharp Corporation was previously the fifth-largest television manufacturer in the world, after Samsung, LG, Sony, and Panasonic. Since 2000, Sharp has heavily invested in LCD panel manufacturing plants; Kameyama in 2004, Sakai in 2009. The Sakai plant is still the only 10th generation LCD manufacturing plant on the globe and best fit for production of 60 inch or larger panels. However, the 2008 financial crisis and strong Yen significantly lowered world demand for Japanese LCD panels. Furthermore, the switch to digital TV broadcasting was virtually completed in Japan by the middle of 2011. Via Japanese government issued coupons for digital TV sets, consumers were encouraged to purchase digital TV sets until March 2011. This hit the Japanese LCD TV market, reducing it almost by half from 2010. All of those events strongly hit Sharp's LCD business. As the result, the Sakai LCD plant suffered a reduced operating rate until Fall 2012. 2012 was the 100th anniversary for Sharp but it announced the worst financial record in its history, with a loss of 376 billion yen in April 2012. In September, Sharp announced job cuts. In 2014, Sharp was able to stem losses and deliver a positive net income for its first quarter results. Wikipedia.


Saga T.,Sharp Corporation
NPG Asia Materials | Year: 2010

Crystalline silicon photovoltaic (PV) cells are used in the largest quantity of all types of solar cells on the market, representing about 90% of the world total PV cell production in 2008. Crystalline silicon solar cells are also expected to have a primary role in the future PV market. This article reviews the current technologies used for the production and application of crystalline silicon PV cells. The highest energy conversion efficiency reported so far for research crystalline silicon PV cells is 25%. Standard industrial cells, however, remain limited to 15-18% with the exception of certain high-efficiency cells capable of efficiencies greater than 20%. High-efficiency research PV cells have advantages in performance but are often unsuitable for low-cost production due to their complex structures and the lengthy manufacturing processes required for fabrication. Various technologies for mono- and polycrystalline PV cells are compared and discussed with respect to the corresponding material technologies, such as silicon ingot and wafer production. High energy conversion efficiency and low processing cost can only be achieved simultaneously through the development of advanced production technologies and equipment, and some of the latest technologies that could lead to efficiencies of greater than 25% and commercially viable production costs are reviewed. © 2011 Tokyo Institute of Technology.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 40.50K | Year: 2016

Many crops, including tomatoes, lettuce, herbs, strawberries, raspberries and ornamental flowers are often grown using hydroponics, where fertiliser for the growing plants is supplied in the irrigation water. Hydroponic farming produces excellent quality crops with good efficiency but there is an opportunity to improve the method by continuously monitoring and controlling the fertiliser components in the irrigation water. This project aims to enable better control over the use of nitrate, which is an important component of the fertiliser. A new sensor which can be used to continuously measure the nitrate concentration in irrigation water will be deployed at commercial hydroponic farms, allowing continuous nitrate monitoring for the first time. We will evaluate the potential for expected benefits including reductions in fertiliser use and expense and smaller discharge of fertiliser into natural waters, helping to meet environmental legislation. The technology is relevant to UK and global farming.


Patent
Philips and Sharp Corporation | Date: 2015-01-26

The present invention relates to a method for operating a communication system in a network, the system comprising a primary station and at least one secondary station, the primary station comprising a plurality of transmit antennas and the secondary station comprising a plurality of receive antennas, the method comprising the steps of the primary station selecting a first communication scheme among a plurality of communication schemes, the primary station computing a transmission vector on the basis of the first communication scheme, the secondary station computing a reception vector on the basis of a second communication scheme, the second communication scheme being selected among the plurality of communication schemes by the secondary station on the assumption that a predetermined communication scheme is being used by the primary station.


Patent
Sharp Corporation | Date: 2015-10-20

A user equipment (UE) receives using a PDCCH, downlink control information (DCI) including second information (SI), the DCI being used for scheduling of a PUSCH in one uplink component carrier. The UE transmits using the PUSCH, channel state information (CSI) for a first set of one or more downlink component carriers (DCCs) which is configured in a case that more than one DCC is configured and the DCI including the SI is received and a value of the field of the SI is a first value. The UE transmits using the PUSCH, the CSI for a second set of the one or more DCCs which is configured in a case that the more than one DCC is configured and the DCI including the SI is received and a value of the field of the SI is a second value, where the DCI is mapped on a UE specific search space.


A mobile station apparatus, in a case where a radio link failure is detected upon a connection for an emergency call, performs a cell selection initiated by the mobile station apparatus, to reestablish the connection and selects a cell as an appropriate cell by the cell selection, whereby the cell is not permitted to access from unsubscribed users and is not included in a list of cells that subscribers are allowed to access.

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