Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital

Wardha, India

Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital

Wardha, India
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Gondivkar S.M.,Mgvs Kbh Dental College And Hospital | Gadbail A.R.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Chole R.,Peoples Dental Academy | Parikh R.V.,New Radhika Housing Society
Oral Oncology | Year: 2011

Ossifying fibromas are uncommon benign tumors of the craniofacial skeleton thought to originate from the periodontal ligament. Most are small and incidentally diagnosed with routine dental radiographs. With larger lesions, patients may complain of an abnormal bite or an enlarging mass. This tumor involves slow-evolving growth with deforming swelling generally arising in the mandible, with possible early tooth displacement. From the radiological perspective, more than 50% of the lesions exhibit an expansion of the jaws and 53% shows well-defined unilocular radiolucencies and 40% are mixed radiolucent-radiopaque lesions. The lesions exceptionally can be radiopaque. Ossifying fibroma presents several variant histopathological subtypes. The overlapping clinical and histopathological features of these subtypes have led to diagnostic dilemma and confusion. Complete excision of this tumor has become a necessity since it is notorious for recurrence. We present here two cases of ossifying fibroma of the jaws along with insight into the literature review. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Khan I.,Jamia Millia Islamia University | Halli R.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Gadre P.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Gadre K.S.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2011

Iatrogenic origin of neurosensory dysfunction is a distressing sequel to the surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars, which is frequently overlooked. According to various surveys, the rate of neurologic complications related to the surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars varies between 0.5% and 1% for permanent damage and 5% and 7% involving temporary damage. Prevention always stands as the best modality to avoid patient's discomfort and lawsuits by sophisticated consumerism.Preoperative assessment of the topographic relationship of the impacted mandibular third molar to the inferior alveolar canal has been performed by different imaging modalities. However, none of the imaging techniques give cent percent information. The best available imaging modality in time and resources should be adopted by the surgeon to avoid complications and lawsuits. Orthopantomography has often been cited as the imaging modality of choice before surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar. However, it depicts a two-dimensional view of an intricate three-dimensional anatomic relationship and also fails to accurately project the buccolingual relation between the tooth and the inferior alveolar canal. The current study was designed to evaluate the potential advantages of spiral computed tomography and compare its efficacy as a presurgical planning tool with orthopantomography in patients with impacted mandibular third molars showing proximity to the inferior alveolar canal on an orthopantomogram. Copyright © 2011 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.

Gondivkar S.M.,Mgvs Kbh Dental College And Hospital | Gadbail A.R.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Chole R.,Peoples Dental Academy | Parikh R.V.,Parikh Hospital
Oral Oncology | Year: 2011

The adenoid cystic carcinoma is a relatively rare epithelial tumor of the major and minor salivary glands, accounting for about 1% of all malignant tumor of the oral and maxillofacial region. Although it presents a widespread age distribution, peak incidence occurs predominantly among women, between the 5th and 6th decades of life. The clinical and pathological findings typical of this tumor include slow growth, perineural invasion, potential local recurrence and distant metastasis. Histopathologically it is composed of basaloid cells with primarily myoepithelial/basal cell differentiation. It presents three patterns, cribriform, tubular and solid; the solid type is related to a poor prognosis contrary to the cribriform type, which has a better prognosis. Surgical excision with wide margins is the treatment of choice, if it metastasizes to lymph nodules, post surgical radiotherapy is recommended. We presented herein the case of a 45 year old female patient who presented a palatal lesion, which was treated with surgery and radiotherapy as an additional treatment. We also described a brief literature review of adenoid cystic carcinoma. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Gadre P.K.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Ramanojam S.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Patankar A.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University | Gadre K.S.,Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2011

This retrospective study analyzes the long-term results and complications of mandibular reconstruction with nonvascularized bone grafts (NVBGs) and suggests refinements. A total of 166 patients underwent mandibular ablation and primary reconstruction between June 1990 and August 2009, of which 101 were NVBGs, 27 were vascularized bone grafts, and 38 were with functional plate reconstruction. Eighty-seven of 101 patients undergoing NVBG, having all records and followed up for a minimum of 12 months, were included in this study. The analysis criteria included site of defect, surgical approach, method of graft fixation, bony continuity and stability, presence or absence of infection, aesthetic and functional prosthetic rehabilitation, donor-site morbidity, and clinical and radiological changes in the reconstructed area.The overall success with NVBGs in our study was 77 (88.5%) of 87. We used ilium in 68 cases (78.16%), fibula in 16 cases (18.39%), and rib in 3 cases (3.44%). Ten cases (11.5%) showed complete failure due to infection (7 cases) and resorption (3 cases).Nonvascularized bone grafts could be used judiciously for reconstruction of selective mandibular resection defects where there is not much of soft tissue loss, or where 2-layer watertight closure can be achieved intraorally and extraorally. Where only a single-layer intraoral closure is anticipated, either additional soft tissue should be brought submucosally or there should not be extraoral-intraoral communication even during surgery. Also precise patient selection, surgical planning, and execution with meticulous nursing care are keys to success. Copyright © 2011 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.

Jaiswal P.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital
The journal of contemporary dental practice | Year: 2010

The aim of these case reports was to evaluate the effectiveness of a subepithelial connective tissue graft with a coronally advanced flap to reconstruct an interdental papilla. In the last decade, esthetics has become a major concern in periodontal therapy. One of the most difficult and elusive goals for the periodontist in the esthetic aspect of periodontal therapy is the reconstruction of the interdental papilla. Consequently, the absence or loss of the interdental papilla for a variety of reasons may create significant esthetic, functional, and phonetic challenges for the patient. Five systemically healthy patients between the ages of 23 and 52 years with absence of the periodontal pocket were selected. Loss of interdental papillary height was classified using the Nordland and Tarnow classification system as class 1 to 4. All five patients received a subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) with a coronally advanced flap (CAF). Four parameters were measured at baseline and at six months post-surgery: (1) vertical distance from contact point to gingival margin, (2) soft tissue (papilla) height in the interdental area, (3) horizontal distance at the gingival margin, and (4) width of keratinized gingiva. The changes noted at six months post-surgery were (1) the vertical distance decreased from 3.2±0.44 mm to 0.4±0.54 mm, (2) the mean gain in soft tissue (papilla) height increased from 3.2±0.44 mm to 5.8±0.44 mm, (3) the horizontal distance at the gingival margin was reduced from 2.6±0.54 mm to 0.4±0.54 mm and the width of the keratinized gingiva increased 1.4±0.89 mm. The periodontal surgical technique used for the five reported cases successfully reconstructed the interdental papilla in just one type of papilla loss, the class I situation. Therefore, it should not be concluded that the technique shown would be equally as successful for every type of papilla loss. Furthermore, the postoperative time interval was short, at only six months. A subepithelial connective tissue graft supported by a coronally advanced flap should be considered to surgically correct the loss of an interdental papilla in class I cases.

Gondivkar S.M.,K M Shah Dental College And Hospital | Gadbail A.R.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology | Year: 2010

Gorham-Stout syndrome is a very rare bone condition of unknown etiology. It is characterized by the spontaneous onset of bone resorption. Bones that previously appeared normal begin to resorb, partially or completely. Sometimes only a thin shell of cortical bone remains, and there is usually a little replacement by fibrous tissue. This process can continue for years but may stop spontaneously. Bone loss can occur in one bone or spread to soft tissue and adjacent bones. Although the disease may strike any of the bones of the body, it is more often recognized earlier when the calvarium and/or the mandible are involved. Because of its rarity, the disorder often goes unrecognized, and lack of agreement on how best to treat Gorham-Stout syndrome can delay the provision of treatment. We report the case of a 58-year-old man whose left body and ramus of mandible had disappeared as a result of massive osteolysis. Crown Copyright © 2010.

Wadhwan V.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Chaudhary M.S.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Gawande M.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital
Indian Journal of Dental Research | Year: 2010

Fibrosarcoma has been defined as a malignant tumor of the fibroblasts that shows no other evidence of cellular differentiation and is capable of recurrence and metastasis. Fibrosarcomas are rare but may occur anywhere in the body, most commonly in the retroperitoneum, thigh, knee and distal extremities. Fibrosarcoma is uncommon in the head and neck region and constitutes about 1% of all the malignancies affecting the human race. Of all the fibrosarcomas occurring in humans, only 0.05% occurs in the head and neck region. Of this, almost 23% is seen in the oral cavity. Fibosarcomas generally have a poor prognosis and the overall survival rate is 20-35% over a period of 5 years.

Daigavane P.S.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry | Year: 2011

Management of bilateral cleft lip and palate cases is a challenging task, and if the premaxilla is shifted to either side, it poses a problem for the surgeon to operate and also for the orthodontist to do the orthodontic alignment. The aim of this study was to reposition the shifted premaxilla for better retraction with presurgical infant orthopedics, thus reducing the tissue tension and further scarring which have detrimental effects on maxillary growth. The innovative technique with pre-directional (PD) appliance is easy to fabricate and use and works in this direction. Acrylic, springs, permasoft liner, elastics, retentive tapes. Previous approach for the shifted premaxilla was more focused on the surgical correction. In adults, surgery with osteotomy is the only option, with its own limitations and disadvantages, in repositioning the shifted premaxilla. Thus, PD appliance aids to correct the shifted premaxilla in presurgical molding stage. The premaxilla was thus shifted 5.5 mm to the left side, with premaxilla in facial symmetry, with the PD appliance. Presurgical orthopedics with PD appliance is worth in infants with shifted premaxilla in bilateral clefts cases.

Kant P.,Manav Rachna Dental College | Bhowate R.R.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Sharda N.,Manav Rachna Dental College
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology | Year: 2014

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is an insidious chronic disease that is associated with significant functional morbidity and an increased risk for malignancy. It initially affects the lamina propria of the oral mucosa, and, as the disease progresses, it involves the submucosa and deeper tissue, including muscles of the oral cavity, resulting in loss of fibroelasticity. OSMF is a pre-malignant condition mainly caused by areca nut chewing. The aim of this study was to find out the involvement of muscles of mastication and facial expression in patients with OSMF by assessing the cross-sectional thickness and activity of the masseter, anterior temporalis and orbicularis oris muscles by ultrasonography and electromyography and comparing with healthy controls and also to find out any correlation between the ultrasonographic cross-sectional thicknesses of the masseter, anterior temporalis and orbicularis oris muscles with electromyographic activity. Methods: 40 patients with OSMF were included in the study group, and the patients were divided into four groups on the basis of interincisal mouth opening, i.e. Group I (mouth opening >35 mm), Group II (mouth opening between 30 and 35 mm), Group III (mouth opening between 20 and 30 mm) and Group IV (mouth opening <20 mm). Ultrasonographic cross-sectional thickness and electromyographic activity (amplitude and duration) of the masseter, anterior temporalis and orbicualris oris muscles were recorded in patients with OSMF and 20 controls. Intergroup comparison of ultrasonographic cross-sectional thickness and activity (amplitude and duration) was done, and Pearson's correlation coefficient was applied to find out any relation between ultrasonographic and electromyographic findings. Results: Thickness and activity of the masseter muscle was significantly reduced in Group IV (mouth opening ,20 mm) when compared with the control group. The anterior temporalis and orbicularis oris muscles remained unaffected. A positive correlation was observed between the thicknesses of the masseter muscle and the amplitude in Groups I, II and III; the anterior temporalis muscle in Group II and the control group; and the orbicularis oris muscle in Groups II, III and IV. Conclusions: It was concluded that, among the muscles studied, there was an early involvement of the masseter muscle in patients with OSMF compared with that of other muscles. © 2014 The Authors. Published by the British Institute of Radiology.

Lohe V.K.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Degwekar S.S.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Bhowate R.R.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital | Dangore S.B.,Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital
Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine | Year: 2010

Background: Cholesterol at either higher/lower level can be troublesome. Health issues related to higher than normal levels have received much public attention because of their relationship to incidence of heart disease, whereas implications of decreased cholesterol levels remain unclear. Present study tried to evaluate and correlate the decreased cholesterol levels in Oral cancer, Oral precancer and in tobacco abuse. Methods: Total Cholesterol (TC), High Density Lipoproteins (HDL), Very Low Density Lipoproteins (VLDL), Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL) and Triglyceride (Tri) were estimated in 210 subjects. Out of these 210 subjects, 70 subjects were histopathologically confirmed Oral Cancer, 70 subjects were histopathologically confirmed Oral precancer (OPC) and 70, age and sex matched, healthy subjects who are not having Oral Cancer, Oral precancer and who had no history of any major illness in the past. These groups were subdivided into: Subjects with No Habit of Tobacco (NHT) and Subjects With Habit of Tobacco (WHT). Results: There was significant decrease in TC, HDL, VLDL, and triglyceride in Oral Cancer group; and significant decrease in TC, and HDL in Oral precancer group as compared to Control. Mean serum lipid profile levels were not significantly different in subjects between NHT and WHT. Conclusions: There is an inverse relationship between serum lipid profile and Oral Cancer and Oral precancer. There was no overall significant correlation of serum lipid profile with tobacco abuse. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. All rights reserved.

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