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Ren B.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Zhai Z.,Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital | Guo K.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Liu Y.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of porous tantalum material in repair tibial defects caused by firearm injuries in a rabbit model. A multifunctional biological impact machine was used to establish a rabbit tibial defect model of firearm injury. Porous tantalum rods were processed into a hollow cylinder. Kirschner wires were used for intramedullary fixation. We compared the differences of the bone ingrowth of the porous tantalum material by gross observations, X-rays and histological evaluations. The radiographic observations revealed that fibrous tissue covered the material surface after 4 weeks, and periosteal reactions and new bone callus extending materials appeared after 8 weeks. After 16 weeks, the calluses of the firearm injury group were completely wrapped around a porous tantalum material. The group with the highest Lane-Sandhu X-rays cores was the firearm injury and tantalum implant group, and the blank control group exhibited the lowest scores. The histological evaluations revealed that the presence of new bone around the biomaterial had grown into the porous tantalum. By the 16th week, the areas of bone tissue of the firearm injury group was significant higher than that of non-firearm injury group (P<0.05). The comminuted fractures treated with tantalum cylinders exhibited greater bone ingrowth in the firearm injury group. In conditions of firearm injuries, the porous tantalum biomaterial exhibited bone ingrowth that was beneficial to the treatment of bone defects. © 2015, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.

Guo Q.-X.,Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital | Yang W.-H.,Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital | Zhai J.-F.,Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital | Han F.-C.,Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital | Wang C.-Y.,Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital
Tumor Biology | Year: 2013

The X-ray repair cross-complementation group 1 (XRCC1) protein plays an important role in base excision repair, and the genetic polymorphisms in the XRCC1 gene influence its function. XRCC1 codon 280 polymorphism is an Arg-His change in the XRCC1 gene. Many studies were published to investigate the association between XRCC1 codon 280 polymorphism and risk of lung cancer, but the results were inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis of 16 studies with a total of 18,660 subjects (8,736 cases and 9,924 controls). The pooled odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) for the gene-disease association were calculated. Overall, there was a significant association between XRCC1 codon 280 polymorphism and increased risk of lung cancer (HisHis vs. ArgArg: OR = 1.53, 95 % CI 1.08-2.16, P = 0.016; HisHis vs. ArgArg/ArgHis: OR = 1.55, 95 % CI 1.10-2.19, P = 0.012). However, subgroup analysis by race failed to confirm the obvious association in Europeans and Asians. Therefore, there is a significant association between XRCC1 codon 280 polymorphism and increased risk of lung cancer. More studies with a large sample are needed to further evaluate the possible race-specific effect in the association above. © 2013 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

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