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Chen J.,Peking Union Medical College | Xu Y.,Shanxi Medical University | Zhang K.,Shanxi Medical University | Liu Z.,Shanxi Medical University | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics | Year: 2013

Compelling evidence suggests that there is a considerable overlap in structural and functional alternation in the brain between different neuropsychiatric disorders. However, whether these overlaps are specific for schizophrenia has yet to be investigated. A total of 36 patients with paranoid schizophrenia, 43 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), and 44 healthy controls were recruited to undergo resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) for analysis of regional homogeneity (ReHo). Twelve regions of interest (ROIs) in the frontal and temporal lobes were generated and one-way ANOVA was performed to test the ReHo differences within these ROIs between the above three groups. The ReHo values within ROIs were extracted to investigate whether a left-right asymmetry existed in a mental disorder. One-way ANOVA showed significant differences in ReHo in the right superior frontal gyrus and left superior temporal gyrus; post hoc analysis revealed that schizophrenic patients had lower ReHo in the left superior temporal gyrus than either control subjects or patients with MDD. Increased ReHo was observed in the right superior frontal gyrus in schizophrenic patients compared with control subjects, and a left-less-than-right asymmetry was also found in this region in schizophrenic patients. The above alterations in ReHo were not affected by age and genders. Our study suggests that the altered ReHo in the superior frontal and temporal gyrus may be specific for schizophrenia rather than MDD. A left-less-than-right asymmetry activation pattern may exist in the resting-state superior frontal gyrus in schizophrenia. This finding would be helpful for better understanding the pathological mechanisms of schizophrenia. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Liao H.,Shanxi Provincial Peoples Hospital
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2015

In Chinese medicine, Shengjiang (Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens) and its processed products, such as Ganjiang (Zingiberis Rhizoma), Paojiang (Zingiberis Rhizoma Preparatum), and Jiangtan (Zingiberis Rhizoma Carbonisata), exert distinct efficacy clinically. This research tried to study the effects of extracts from Shengjiang and its processed products in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. After incubation of the different ginger types in RAW 264.7 cells for 24 h, an aliquot of the culture was mixed with an equal volume of Griess reagent, and nitric oxide (NO) production was evaluated using a Griess assay. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used as the positive control. Milli-Q water (MQW) was used as the solvent control. The results showed that NO production increased significantly in RAW 264.7 cells following the stimulation of LPS (0.05 μg mL-1), Shengjiang, Ganjiang, Paojiang, and Jiangtan (50 μg mL-1, 500 μg mL-1) separately compared with the MQW control (P<0.01). The stimulation effects of Shengjiang and Ganjiang were significantly higher than those of Paojiang and Jiangtan at different concentrations (P<0.01). The conclusion we could get from this research is that Shengjiang and its processed products could induce NO production in RAW 264.7 cells. © 2015 Hui Liao. Source

Liao H.,Shanxi Provincial Peoples Hospital
Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology | Year: 2012

Great progress has been made in the basic researches on erectile dysfunction (ED) ever since the recognition of the close association of micromolecular nitric oxide (NO) with penile smooth muscle relaxation in 1990. NO-cGMP-PDE5 signaling pathway plays an important role in regulating the relaxation of corpus cavernosum smooth muscle, and its relevant studies have contributed greatly to the clinical treatment of ED. Chinese herbal drugs have long been used in the treatment of ED, and the action mechanisms of some of them clarified through the NO-cGMP-PDE5 signaling pathway. This article presents an overview on the recent advances in the studies of ED treatment with Chinese herbal drugs. Source

Zhou B.,Xinxiang Medical University | Dong L.-P.,Xinxiang Medical University | Jing X.-Y.,Xinxiang Medical University | Li J.-S.,Xinxiang Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

MicroRNAs have been demonstrated to have a role in susceptibility and prognosis of various types of human cancer. We investigated the association between polymorphisms in miR-146aG>C, miR-196a2C>T, and miR-499A>G and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk and interaction with HCC and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Two hundred sixty-six cases with HCC and 281 health controls were enrolled in the present study. Genotyping of the miR-146aG>C, miR-196a2C>T, and miR-499A>G genotypes was conducted by duplex polymerase chain reaction with the confronting two-pair primer (PCR–RFLP). Subjects with miR-146a GG and G allele had an increased risk of HCC compared with the homozygote CC genotype. Similarly, HCC patients carrying microRNA (miRNA)-196a2 computed tomography, TT, and T allele significantly decreased the risk of HCC relative to the CC genotype. Stratified analysis indicated that miR-196a2C>T polymorphism was associated with reduced risk of HBV-related HCC, but not in hepatitis C virus- and nonviral-related HCC cases. In conclusion, miR-146aG>C and miR-196a2C>T polymorphism are associated with risk of HCC patients in China, especially in patients with HBV infection. SNPs in miRNA sequences can be used as a diagnostic biomarker for HCC. © 2014, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM). Source

Hao Y.-X.,Shanxi Medical University | Wang J.-P.,Shanxi Provincial Peoples Hospital | Zhao L.-F.,Shanxi Medical University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

Aim: Associations between polymorphisms in miR-146aG>C, miR-196a2C>T and miR-499A>G and risk of HCC, and interaction with HBV infection in a Chinese population, were the target of the present research. Methods: The duplex polymerase-chain-reaction with confronting-two-pair primers (PCR-RFLP) was performed to determine the genotypes of the miR-146aG>C, miR-196a2C>T and miR-499A>G genotypes. Associations of polymorphisms with the risk of HCC were estimated by conditional logistic regression analysis. Results: Drinking, family history of cancer, HBsAg and HCV were risk factors for HCC. Multivariate regression analyses showed that subjects carrying the miR-196a2 CC genotype had significantly increased risk of HCC, with an adjusted OR (95% CI) of 2.18 (1.23-3.80). In addition, cases carrying the miR-196a2 C allele had a 1.64-fold increase in the risk for HCC (95%CI=1.03-2.49). The miR-196a2 CT and TT genotypes greatly significantly increased the risk of HCC in subjects with HBV infection, with adjusted ORs (95% CI) of 2.02 (1.12-3.68) and 2.69 (1.28-5.71), respectively. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that miR-196a2 CC genotype and C allele have an important role in HCC risk in Chinese, especially in patients with HBV infection. Source

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