Huang K.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
Chen J.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
Yang M.-S.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
Tang Y.-J.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
Pan F.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital
Cancer Biomarkers | Year: 2017
Chondrosarcomas are malignant cartilage-forming tumors from low-grade to high-grade aggressive tumors characterized by metastasis. Cisplatin is an effective DNA-damaging anti-tumor agent for the treatment against a wide variety of solid tumors. However, chondrosarcomas are notorious for their resistance to conventional chemo- and radio- therapies. In this study, we report miR-23b acts as a tumor suppressor in chondrosarcoma. The expressions of miR-23b are down-regulated in chondrosarcoma patient samples and cell lines compared with adjacent normal tissues and human primary chondrocytes. In addition, overexpression of miR-23b suppresses chondrosarcoma cell proliferation. By comparison of the cisplatin resistant chondrosarcoma cells and parental cells, we observed miR-23b was significantly down regulated in cisplatin resistant cells. Moreover, we demonstrate here Src kinase is a direct target of miR-23b in chondrosarcoma cells. Overexpression of miR-23b suppresses Src-Akt pathway, leading to the sensitization of cisplatin resistant chondrosarcoma cells to cisplatin. This chemo-sensitivity effect by the miR-23b-mediated inhibition of Src-Akt pathway is verified with the restoration of Src kinase in miR-23b-overespressing chondrosarcoma cells, resulting in the acquirement of resistance to cisplatin. In summary, our study reveals a novel role of miR-23b in cisplatin resistance in chondrosarcoma and will contribute to the development of the microRNA-targeted anti-cancer therapeutics. © 2017 - IOS Press and the authors.
Fan L.,Shanghai University |
Wang Q.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
Liu R.,Ningxia Medical University |
Zong M.,Shanghai University |
And 4 more authors.
Arthritis Research and Therapy | Year: 2012
Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by synovial lining hyperplasia, in which there may be an imbalance between the growth and death of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs). Antibodies against citrullinated proteins are proposed to induce RA. This study aimed to investigate the pathogenic role of citrullinated fibronectin (cFn) in RA.Methods: The distribution of fibronectin (Fn) and cFn in synovial tissues from RA and osteoarthritis (OA) patients was examined by immunohistochemical and double immunofluorescence analysis. FLSs were isolated from RA and OA patients and treated with Fn or cFn. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and TUNEL assay. The expression of survivin, caspase-3, cyclin-B1, Bcl-2 and Bax was detected by real-time PCR. The secretion of proinflammatory cytokines was measured by ELISA.Results: Fn formed extracellular aggregates that were specifically citrullinated in synovial tissues of RA patients, but no Fn deposits were observed in those of OA patients. Fn induced the apoptosis of RA and OA FLSs while cFn inhibited the apoptosis of RA and OA FLSs. Fn significantly increased the expression of caspase-3 and decreased the expression of survivin and cyclin-B1 in FLSs from RA and OA patients. cFn significantly increased the expression of survivin in RA FLSs. Furthermore, cFn increased the secretion of TNF-α and IL-1 by FLSs.Conclusions: cFn plays a potential pathophysiologic role in RA by inhibiting apoptosis and increasing proinflammatory cytokine secretion of FLSs. © 2012 Fan et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Zhou F.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
Guo L.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
Shi H.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
Lin C.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia | Year: 2010
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of continuous low-dose cyclophosphamide and prednisone (CP) as a salvage therapy for multiple myeloma (MM). Patients and Methods: A total of 27 consecutive patients with MM received a treatment regimen that consisted of oral cyclophosphamide 50 mg and prednisone 15 mg daily. Nineteen patients had severe comorbid conditions; 8 were unwilling to continue conventional chemotherapy as a result of severe infection associated with the conventional chemotherapy. Patients had received 1 to 4 chemotherapeutic regimens before the enrollment. Results: The overall response rate (complete remission, very good partial response, and partial response) was 66.7%. The median time to response was 2 months. In the patients who responded to the treatment, the median progression-free survival (PFS) has not been reached. In the nonresponding patients, the median PFS was 4 months. Conclusion: Continuous low-dose CP is an effective and well-tolerated salvage therapy for MM.
PubMed | Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital, McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Shanghai University and Central University of Costa Rica
Type: | Journal: Data in brief | Year: 2016
In this dataset, we particularly depicted the harvest and perfusion decellularization of porcine rectus abdominis (RA), accompanied with displaying of the retained vascular trees within the perfusion-decellularized skeletal muscle matrix (pM-ECM) using vascular corrosion casting. In addition, several important tips for successful pM-ECM preparation were emphasized, which including using anatomically isolated skeletal muscle as tissue source with all main feeding and draining vessels perfused, preserving the internal microcirculation availability, aseptic technique and pyrogen free in all steps, sequential perfusion via artery or vein, and longtime washing after decellularization. The data are supplemental to our original research article describing detailed associations of pM-ECM as a clinically relevant scale, three-dimensional scaffold with a vascular network template for tissue-specific regeneration, Perfusion-decellularized skeletal muscle as a three-dimensional scaffold with a vascular network template Zhang et al. (2016).
PubMed | McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital, Shanghai University and Central University of Costa Rica
Type: | Journal: Biomaterials | Year: 2016
There exists a great need for repair grafts with similar volume to human skeletal muscle that can promote the innate ability of muscle to regenerate following volumetric muscle loss. Perfusion decellularization is an attractive technique for extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffold from intact mammalian organ or tissue which has been successfully used in tissue reconstruction. The perfusion-decellularization of skeletal muscle has been poorly assessed and characterized, but the bioactivity and functional capacity of the obtained perfusion skeletal muscle ECM (pM-ECM) to remodel invivo is unknown. In the present study, pM-ECM was prepared from porcine rectus abdominis (RA). Perfusion-decellularization of porcine RA effectively removed cellular and nuclear material while retaining the intricate three-dimensional microarchitecture and vasculature networks of the native RA, and many of the bioactive ECM components and mechanical properties. Invivo, partial-thickness abdominal wall defects in rats repaired with pM-ECM showed improved neovascularization, myogenesis and functional recellularization compared to porcine-derived small intestinal submucosa (SIS). These findings show the biologic potential of RA pM-ECM as a scaffold for supporting site appropriate, tissue reconstruction, and provide a better understanding of the importance maintaining the tissue-specific complex three-dimensional architecture of ECM during decellularization and regeneration.
Yingying L.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital |
Jiangrong W.,Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center |
Jing L.,Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2014
Objective: The objectives of the study are to characterize the cellular immune response in hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 and HIV co-infected patients with hemophilia in southern China during treatment with interferon and ribavirin and to study its correlation with the virologic response (VR). Thirty-six HCV genotype 1 and HIV co-infected patients with hemophilia in southern China were enrolled into the study. Using an ELISpot assay, HCV antigen-specific interferon (IFN) γ, interleukin (IL) 2, IL-4, and IL-10 secreting cells were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL28B were determined, and immunological, virologic, and clinical variables were collected to identify factors associated with HCV-sustained VR (SVR) at week 72 after treatment. At baseline, there were no significant differences in IFN-γ and IL-2 mediated immune responses in subjects with VR versus non-responders. Higher IL-10 specific responses to NS3 were observed in VR patients. Subjects who had significant decreases in IL-10 responses at week 72 compared with baseline for NS3 and NS5 were more likely to be VR. In SVR, IL-2 production decreased moderately, and the levels of IL-4 were low throughout. The main correlation for SVR in genotype-l infected subjects was sustained HCV-specific IFN-γ responses through the whole 72-week period. In subjects with HIV and HCV co-infection combined with hemophilia, IL28B genotype CC, a decrease in HCV specific IL-l0 and IL-2 responses, and the maintenance of IFN-γ responses during treatment were associated with a 12- or 72-week VR. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Guo L.P.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi | Year: 2012
To investigate effects of low-dose cyclophosphamide and prednisone (CP) metronomic chemotherapy on microvessel density of bone marrow, serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB)in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. 54 refractory or relapsed MM patients were treated with CP metronomic chemotherapy consisted of oral cyclophosphamide (CTX, 50 mg/d) and prednisone (Pred, 15 mg/d). Bone marrow and peripheral blood of each patient were collected before and 2, 4, 6 months after treatment. Among the 37 assessable patients, 30 cases were responsive with the response rate of 81.08%. Another 17 cases were follow-uped less than 6 months or failure to obtain serum samples or lost to follow-up. Microvessel density of bone marrow was measured by immunohistochemistry and serum VEGF/PDGF-BB expression was analyzed by ELISA in the 37 assessable patients. 2, 4, 6 months following CP metronomic chemotherapy, microvessel densities of bone marrow in the responders were 33.1 ± 4.8/HP, 24.8 ± 3.7/HP, 19.7 ± 2.1/HP respectively; the expressions of VEGF were (394 ± 57) ng/L, (268 ± 32) ng/L and (217 ± 20) ng/L respectively; the expressions of PDGF-BB were (304 ± 31) ng/L, (274 ± 31) ng/L and (196 ± 22) ng/L respectively. After CP metronomic chemotherapy, there were significantly lower of microvessel density, VEGF and PDGF-BB levels than pretreatment \[MVD 48.5 ± 5.9/HP, VEGF (517 ± 60) ng/L, PDGF-BB (484 ± 60) ng/L\]in the responders (P < 0.01). While in the non-responders, after treated by CP metronomic chemotherapy for 2 months, microvessel density, the expression of VEGF and the expression of PDGF-BB were 32.5 ± 4.7/HP, 512 ± 39 ng/L and (452 ± 39) ng/L respectively. There were no significant changes of MVD, VEGF and PDGF-BB levels compared with pretreatment \[MVD 33.2 ± 5.6/HP,VEGF (498 ± 55) ng/L, PDGF-BB (488 ± 44) ng/L\] (P > 0.05). Our findings suggested that continuous low-dose CP metronomic chemotherapy could decrease microvessel density of bone marrow in MM patients. Furthermore, it down-regulated expression of serum VEGF and PDGF-BB to exert its anti-angiogenesis in MM.
Guo L.-P.,Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital
Journal of Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2012
Objective To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of continuous low-dose cyclophosphamide and prednisone treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. Methods 84 relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma patients were enrolled, including 46 males and 38 females, the assess patients of 81 cases with average age of 69.7 (45-91) years. They were treated continuous with oral cyclophosphamide (50 mg/d) and prednisone (15 mg/d) and monthly follow-up. Results Average follow-up time were 23.5(1-71)months. The assessed patients were 81 cases, with 52 cases (64.2 %) responded. There were 2 cases(2.5 %)CR, 21 cases(25.9 %) of PR, 29 cases(35.8 %)MR, 19 cases(23.5 %)NC and 10 cases (12.3 %)PD. The median time to response was 2 months. In the patients who responded to the treatment, the median progression-free survival(PFS)and overall survival (OS) were 18(95 %CI 12.8-23.2-, 29(95 %CI 24.1-33.9)months. In the non-responding patients, the PFS and OS were 4(95 % CI 2.2-5.8) and 6(95 % CI 4.9- 7.1)months. Two groups were statistically significant(P<0.05). The most common toxicities included fatigue, nausea, neutropenia, hyperglycemia and lung infection. No patient withdrew from the study because of toxicity. Conclusions Continuous low-dose cyclophosphamide combined prednisone is a treatment options for relapsed and refractory MM patients.
PubMed | Shanghai Zhabei District Central hospital and Tongji University
Type: | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016
Both leptin and osteocalcin have been found to affect growth-plate cartilage development through regulation of the physiologic processes of endochondral bone formation. Leptin mediates bone development and osteocalcin secreted in the late stage of osteoblast differentiation. The relationship between leptin and osteocalcin expression in the chondrogenic cells line is still not clear. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the effect of leptin on the expression of osteocalcin in chondrocytes. We used clonal mouse chondrogenic ATDC5 cells to investigate the relationship between leptin and osteocalcin. We found that both leptin and osteocalcin expression were dynamically expressed during ATDC5 cell differentiation from 4 to 21 days. We also found that leptin significantly upregulated osteocalcin mRNA and protein levels 24 h after leptin stimulation. However, different concentrations and exposure times of osteocalcin did not affect the levels of leptin protein. Furthermore, we confirmed that leptin augmented the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) in a time-dependent manner but not p38 or AKT. Inhibition of pERK1/2 expression by a specific ERK1/2 inhibitor U0126 and a special small interfering RNA attenuated levels of leptin-induced osteocalcin expression, indicating that ERK1/2 mediates, in part, the effects of leptin on osteocalcin. Taken together, our results suggest that leptin regulates the expression of osteocalcin in growth plate chondrocytes via the ERK1/2 signaling pathway, while there is no effect on the phosphorylation of either p38 or AKT.
PubMed | Shanghai Zhabei District Central Hospital and Central University of Costa Rica
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi | Year: 2016
To investigate the effect of metronomic chemotherapy of low dose phosphoramide combined with prednisolone (CP metronomic chemotherapy) on proliferation and apoptosis of RPMI 8226 cells, and to explore its regulating effect on Notch1/NF-B signaling pathways.Experiment was divided into the DMSO control group, and the phosphoramide mustard (PM) group, the prednisolone group, the phosphoramide mustard plus prednisolone group (the CP group). RPMI 8226 cells were treated with different drugs, CCK-8 method was used to detect cell proliferation, flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle and apoptosis, reverse transcription PCR was used to detect Notch1 and NF-B mRNA expression level.Compared with DMSO control group, RPMI8226 cell proliferation inhibition rate in all the PM, prednisolone and CP groups increased significantly with prolonging of time (r of 0.994,0.996,0.999, respectively, P<0.001). And at the same time, the inhibitory rate of cell proliferation was significantly different; the cell inhibitory rate in PM group was lowest, that in CP group was highgest, that in prednissone group was intermediate (P<0.01). After 48 hours, compared with the DMSO control group, the GCP metronomic chemotherapy can significantly reduce RPMI 8226 cell proliferation, promote RPMI 8226 cell apoptosis, arrest RPMI 8226 cells mainly in the G