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Wang H.,Tongji University | Sun W.,Tongji University | Zhang W.-Z.,Shanghai Pudong New area Peoples Hospital | Ge C.-Y.,Shanghai Yangpu Geriatric Hospital | And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a newly-defined tumor microcirculation pattern in highly aggressive malignant tumors. We recently reported tumor growth and VM formation of gallbladder cancers through the contribution of the ephrin type a receptor 2 (EphA2)/focal adhesion kinase (FAK)/Paxillin signaling pathways. In this study, we further investigated the anti- VM activity of norcantharidin (NCTD) as a VM inhibitor for gallbladder cancers and the underlying mechanisms. In vivo and in vitro experiments to determine the effects of NCTD on tumor growth, host survival, VM formation of GBC-SD nude mouse xenografts, and vasculogenic-like networks, malignant phenotypes i.e., proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration of GBC-SD cells. Expression of VM signaling-related markers EphA2, FAK and Paxillin in vivo and in vitro were examined by immunofluorescence, western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), respectively. The results showed that after treatment with NCTD, GBC-SD cells were unable to form VM structures when injecting into nude mouse, growth of the xenograft was inhibited and these observations were confirmed by facts that VM formation by three-dimensional (3-D) matrix, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, migration of GBC-SD cells were affected; and survival time of the xenograft mice was prolonged. Furthermore, expression of EphA2, FAK and Paxillin proteins/mRNAs of the xenografts was downregulated. Thus, we concluded that NCTD has potential anti-VM activity against human gallbladder cancers; one of the underlying mechanisms may be via blocking the EphA2/FAK/Paxillin signaling pathway. © 2014 Wang et al.

Xie C.,Shanghai University | Zhou X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhu D.,Fudan University | Liu W.,Shanghai University | And 7 more authors.
Neurological Sciences | Year: 2016

X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, type 1 (CMTX1) is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders. Obvious CNS involvement is relatively rare in CMTX1 patients. A 24-year-old male with CMTX1 presented with three transient stroke-like attacks, and was followed up regularly for 6 years with brain MRI and electrophysiological examination. Transient symmetrical high signals on T2 imaging and restricted diffusion were found in bilateral deep white matter. Electrophysiological measurement revealed a sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy with slightly reduced nerve conduction velocities. A novel thymine to cytosine mutation at nucleotide position 445 in the connexin 32 allele of the GJB1 gene was identified. During the 6-year longitudinal study, patient’s motor and sensory function did not worsen; radiological abnormalities correlated with episodes of CNS dysfunction and resolved after clinical recovery; electrophysiological records showed no obvious change. Little change in the patient’s clinical, radiological and electrophysiological results over the follow-up reflected a slow disease progression. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Italia.

Zhang J.-T.,Tongji University | Sun W.,Tongji University | Zhang W.-Z.,Shanghai Pudong New area Peoples Hospital | Ge C.-Y.,Shanghai Yangpu Geriatric Hospital | And 4 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2014

Background: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a novel tumor blood supply in some highly aggressive malignant tumors. Recently, we reported VM existed in gallbladder carcinomas (GBCs) and the formation of the special passage through the activation of the PI3K/MMPs/Ln-5γ2 signaling pathway. GBC is a highly aggressive malignant tumor with disappointing treatments and a poor prognosis. Norcantharidin (NCTD) has shown to have multiple antitumor activities against GBCs, etc; however the exact mechanism is not thoroughly elucidated. In this study, we firstly investigated the anti-VM activity of NCTD as a VM inhibitor for GBCs and its underlying mechanisms.Methods: In vitro and in vivo experiments to determine the effects of NCTD on proliferation, invasion, migration, VM formation, hemodynamic and tumor growth of GBC-SD cells and xenografts were respectively done by proliferation, invasion, migration assays, H&E staining and CD31-PAS double stainings, optic/electron microscopy, tumor assay, and dynamic micro-MRA. Further, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, Western blotting and RT-PCR were respectively used to examine expression of VM signaling-related markers PI3-K, MMP-2, MT1-MMP and Ln-5γ2 in GBC-SD cells and xenografts in vitro and in vivo.Results: After treatment with NCTD, proliferation, invasion, migration of GBC-SD cells were inhibited; GBC-SD cells and xenografts were unable to form VM-like structures; tumor center-VM region of the xenografts exhibited a decreased signal in intensity; then cell or xenograft growth was inhibited. Whereas all of untreated GBC-SD cells and xenografts formed VM-like structures with the same conditions; the xenograft center-VM region exhibited a gradually increased signal; and facilitated cell or xenograft growth. Furthermore, expression of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP products from sections/supernates of 3-D matrices and the xenografts, and expression of PI3-K, MMP-2, MM1-MMP and Ln-5γ2 proteins/mRNAs of the xenografts were all decreased in NCTD or TIMP-2 group; (all P < 0.01, vs. control group); NCTD down-regulated expression of these VM signaling-related markers in vitro and in vivo.Conclusions: NCTD inhibited tumor growth and VM of human GBCs in vitro and in vivo by suppression of the PI3-K/MMPs/Ln-5γ2 signaling pathway. It is firstly concluded that NCTD may be a potential anti-VM agent for human GBCs. © 2014 Zhang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Li H.,University of Shanghai for Science and Technology | Du S.,University of Shanghai for Science and Technology | Xie L.,University of Shanghai for Science and Technology | Chen L.,University of Shanghai for Science and Technology | And 6 more authors.
Optik | Year: 2012

The absorption spectra from 0.2 THz to 1.6 THz of four kinds of similar Chinese herbs, including huangyujin, lvyujin, guiyujin and wenyujin, have been investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). Furthermore, by using support vector machines (SVM) method, the linear kernel function, the polynomial kernel function, and the radial basis kernal function are employed for separating four kinds of Radix Curcumae. The calculated results show that the accuracy of discrimination for these four kinds of Chinese herbs is 100%. © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Du S.Q.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Systems | Li H.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Systems | Xie L.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Systems | Chen L.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Systems | And 5 more authors.
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2012

By using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy, the absorption spectra of seven anti-diabetic pills have been investigated. For gliquidone, glipizide, gliclazide, and glimepiride, an obvious resonance peak is found at 1.37 THz. Furthermore, to overcome the limit of density functional theory that can analyze the normal mode frequencies of the ground state of organic material, we also present a method that relies on pharmacophore recognition, from which we can obtain the resonance peak at 1.37 THz can be attributed to the vibration of sulfonylurea group. The results indicate that the veracity of density functional theory can be increased by combining pharmacophore recognition. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.

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