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Liu B.,Tongji University | He J.,Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning and Design Institute | Wang Z.,Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning and Design Institute
Applied Mechanics and Materials | Year: 2011

At present, the fragmented development of urban and suburban bus system is facing many problems and difficult to adapt to the requirements of urban-rural integration in China. In this paper, the urban and suburban bus route network and passenger volume distribution characteristics were analyzed, the operational efficiency of the two system was compared based on the case study of Weihai; the principal factors that influence the operational efficiency were further studied; and finally, the integration plan of urban-suburban bus system as well as the suggestions on its implementation were proposed. Online available since 2011/Sep/08 at www.scientific.net © (2011) Trans Tech Publications.

Wang D.,Tongji University | Zhang L.,Fudan University | Zhang Z.,Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning and Design Institute | Zhao S.X.,University of Hong Kong
Urban Studies | Year: 2011

Urban infrastructure has been substantially upgraded in reform-era China. This paper explains, contextually and empirically, how Chinese cities finance their infrastructure. It demonstrates that China has succeeded in addressing urban infrastructure backlogs by opening up new venues for financing, but simultaneously, heavily relying on unconventional sources. The paper also argues that urban infrastructure financing has much to do with the country's transition to a market-oriented economy that fosters the pro-growth role of city governments as well as the redistribution of fiscal power between the levels of the urban hierarchy that produces significant variation of financial capacities among the different administrative ranks of cities. © 2011 Urban Studies Journal Limited.

Yue C.,Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning and Design Institute | Yong S.,Tongji University
Vernacular Architecture: Towards a Sustainable Future - Proceedings of the International Conference on Vernacular Heritage, Sustainability and Earthen Architecture | Year: 2015

China vernacular architecture heritage is famous with its big quantity, abundant types and outstanding value. Due to the great disparities of economy, society and culture background between different regions of China, every vernacular architecture heritage not only has distinctive features, but also in the progress of conservation and development faces different problems. As a consequence, there is no common approach to solve all problems of different heritages. This article takes two traditional villages which are respectively located in eastern developed area and western poverty area as examples. Through value assessment and status analysis of the vernacular architecture heritages of the two villages, the authors put forward targeted solutions of protection and development of them. Further, attempt to give recommendations to the large subject of conservation and sustainable development of China vernacular architecture heritage. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group.

Ren J.,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology | Ren J.,University of Southern Denmark | Ren J.,Chongqing UniversityChongqing | Dong L.,Japan National Institute of Environmental Studies | And 7 more authors.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015

This study investigates Chinas biofuel industry-the third largest in the world-by combining a strength, weakness, opportunity and threats (SWOT) analysis with a method known as fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP). More specifically, the study employs SWOT analysis to identify the influential factors affecting the development of the biofuel industry in China. It then prioritizes their importance using the FAHP method. The study finds that high production costs, competition with other renewable energy resources, inconsistent policy and legislation support, and poor technical standards are impeding the growth of the biofuel industry of China. The study concludes by proposing strategic recommendations for how the industry can be made both leaner, more efficient and effective, and greener, more socially and environmentally sustainable. Some of these options focuses on improving technical perform, adhering to a "supply push" mentality. Others focus on improving affordability and consumer awareness, adhering to a "demand pull" mentality. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Liang H.,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology | Ren J.,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology | Ren J.,University of Southern Denmark | Ren J.,Chongqing University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2016

Biofuel as a promising pathway for substituting the traditional fossil fuels, mitigating environmental contaminations, and enhancing the energy security has attracted more and more attention in China. This study aims at identifying the critical success factors for promoting the sustainable development of biofuel industry and helping the stakeholders/decision-makers to draft the appropriate strategic measures for enhancing the sustainability of biofuel industry in China. A generic methodology in which the decision-makers are allowed to use linguistic terms to express their views and options, multiple decision-makers are allowed to participate in the decision-making, has been developed to prioritize the factors influencing the sustainability of biofuel industry and to identify the cause-effect relationships among these factors. The three factors, including government support degree, competitiveness, and local acceptability are identified as the most critical factors for promoting the sustainable development of biofuel industry in China, but they are all effects rather than the origins of the problems existed in the biofuel industry of China. In contrast, maturity, safety and reliability, complexity, conversion efficiency, and investment cost are the most important causes, and they are also the origins of the problems existed in the biofuel industry of China. Six effective strategic measures including popularizing the use of biofuels in large scales, subsidies and tax exemption policies, investing more on R&D on biofuel technologies, encouraging more private enterprises and joint ventures to participate in the biofuel industry, developing the integrated utilization manner of biofuels by further developing the byproducts of biofuels, and popularizing the use of biodiesel and bioethanol among the vehicle users through publicity and education have been proposed for promoting the sustainable development of China's biofuel industry according to the obtained results. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

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