Qiao G.,Tongji University |
Qiao G.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Su J.,Tongji University |
He M.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
Dental Materials Journal | Year: 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the electrochemical behavior of Co-Cr alloy in artificial saliva containing (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and to characterize the composition and structure of the passive film formed by potentiodynamic polarization. Electrochemical measurements ranked the corrosion resistance of Co-Cr dental cast alloy as follows when exposed to artificial saliva containing different concentrations of EGCG: 4.0 g/L<2.0 g/L<0 g/L<0.5 g/L<1.0 g/L. This showed that the concentration of EGCG in artificial saliva affected the corrosion behavior of Co-Cr alloy. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) results revealed that the outermost surface layer on Co-Cr alloy was mainly composed of Cr2O3 and EGCG-Cr (III) ion complex, which were formed by redox and complex formation reactions respectively. When the redox reaction was dominant, Co-Cr alloy exhibited high corrosion resistance in EGCG-containing artificial saliva. On the contrary, when the complex formation reaction was dominant, Co-Cr alloy exhibited low corrosion resistance.
Pan J.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Zhao J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Jiang N.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
Journal of Applied Oral Science | Year: 2014
Objective: The immune compromised patients after treatment of oral cancer may have a chance of infection by drug-resistant opportunistic microbes. We investigated the occurrence of opportunistic microorganisms in aged individuals receiving follow-up examinations after treatment of oral cancer in China. Material and Methods: These patients were used as test group and the respective age grouped healthy individuals as control group. In this study, the oral cavity microorganisms such as bacteria and yeast were taken for the analysis. After the screening of representative microorganisms, their aptitude of pervasiveness against drugs was studied. Here, we used antimicrobial agents which are common in clinical practice. We also performed studies to investigate the presence of toxin genes in methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Results: The results indicate that the prevalence of drug-resistant microbes was more pronounced in oral cancer patients after initial treatment above 70 years old. The oxacillin resistance of S. aureus isolate compromise in elderly patients. Conclusions: This study reveals the occurrence of drugresistant opportunistic microorganisms in oral cavity after treatment for oral cancer in aged individuals. Special attention should be directed to MRSA during the treatment of oral cancer, and to realize the fact of immune compromise in elderly patients.
Yu H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Jiao F.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Wang B.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Shen S.G.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2013
Our aim was to evaluate the application of piezoelectric decortication in periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (PAOO). One hundred fifty-six patients with severe skeletal malocclusions were enrolled in this study. Ultrasonic decortications were performed in 187 labial or lingual PAOO of the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth. Orthodontic decompensation started from the fifth day after operation. All patients healed uneventfully and no severe periodontic complications were recorded. Rapid teeth movement and relatively short treatment duration were realized. Alveolar fenestration and bony dehiscence was successfully addressed. With physical and mechanical properties of absence of macrovibration, ease of use and control, piezosurgery showed its great values in PAOO. Copyright © 2013 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.
Sun L.,Tianjin Third Central Hospital |
Feng J.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Ma L.,Zhengzhou University |
Liu W.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Zhou Z.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
Annals of Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2013
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a potentially malignant disorder associated with an increased risk for progression to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The objective of this study to determine protein expression of cancer stem cell marker CD133 in tissue samples of patients with OLP and evaluate the correlation between CD133 expression and the risk of progression to OSCC. In this longitudinal case-control study, a total of 110 patients with OLP who received a mean follow-up of 56 months were enrolled, including 100 patients who did not progress to OSCC and 10 patients who had progressed to OSCC. CD133 expression was determined using immunohistochemistry in samples from these patients. Analysis of 10 cases of normal oral mucosa and 6 cases of postmalignant OSCC form previously diagnosed OLP was also performed. The results showed that CD133 expression was observed in 29% cases of nonprogressing OLP and in 80% cases of progressing OLP (P =.002). CD133 was not expressed in normal oral mucosa, but it positively expressed in the 100% cases of OSCC. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk of malignant progression in the patients with CD133-positive expression was significantly higher than those with CD133 negativity (odds ratio, 9.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.96-48.92; P =.005). Collectively, CD133 expression was significantly associated with malignant progression in a longitudinal series of patients with OLP. Our findings suggested that CD133 may serve as a novel candidate biomarker for risk assessment of malignant potential of OLP. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Jiang N.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
Pan J.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Wang L.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
Duan Y.-Z.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University
Tumor Biology | Year: 2013
The genetic polymorphism of p53 codon 72 Arg/Pro has been implicated in oral cancer risk, but the results of previous studies remain controversial and ambiguous. To estimate the effect of the p53 codon 72 Arg/Pro polymorphism on the risk of oral cancer, a meta-analysis was performed. Based on a comprehensive search in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases, we identified all available publications assessing the association between p53 codon 72 Arg/Pro polymorphism and oral cancer risk. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with its corresponding 95 % confidence interval (CI) was calculated to assess the association. Subgroup analyses by ethnicity and study quality were performed to further identify the correlation. Totally, 17 studies with 2,975 cases and 3,413 controls were included into this meta-analysis. There was no statistically significant association between the p53 codon 72 Arg/Pro polymorphism and oral cancer risk in all genetic contrast models (ORPro allele vs. Arg allele = 1.05, 95 % CI 0.94-1.18, P OR = 0.379; ORPro/Pro vs. Arg/Arg = 1.11, 95 % CI 0.89-1.40, POR = 0.356; ORPro/Arg vs. Arg/Arg = 1.10, 95 % CI 0.93-1.30, POR = 0.256; OR Pro/Arg + Pro/Pro vs. Arg/Arg = 1.10, 95 % CI 0.93-1.31, P OR = 0.263; and ORPro/Pro vs. Arg/Arg + Pro/Arg = 1.03, 95 % CI 0.90-1.18, POR = 0.647). In the subgroup analysis of high-quality studies, we failed to find the susceptibility of p53 codon 72 Arg/Pro polymorphism to oral cancer. Moreover, the results were similar among Asians, Caucasians, and mixed populations when stratifying by ethnicity. Sensitivity analysis further confirmed the stability of the results. The present meta-analysis of currently available data shows no association between the p53 codon 72 Arg/Pro polymorphism and oral cancer risk. © 2012 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).
Zhang W.-B.,Nanjing Medical University |
Zhong W.-J.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Wang L.,Nanjing Medical University
Bone | Year: 2014
Human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) have become a highly attractive source of seed cells in bone regenerative. It has become a key issue how to effectively improve osteogenic differentiation of hASCs in the bone tissue engineering.Numerous regulatory pathways dominate osteogenic differentiation of hASCs involve transcriptional factors and signaling molecules. However, how these factors combine with each other to regulate hASCs osteogenic differentiation still remain to be illustrated. The identification of microRNAs will illuminate this and might permit finely tuning the osteogenic differentiation process. Here, we present evidence that miR-218 acts as a positive regulator of hASCs osteogenesis. Real-time PCR shows that miR-218 was up-regulated during osteogenic differentiation. Overexpression of exogenous miR-218 enhanced osteogenic differentiation in vitro, whereas inhibition of miR-218 would suppress osteogenic differentiation. Furthermore, miR-218 directly targeted SFRP2 and DKK2, which is a WNT signaling pathway antagonist, and enhanced Wnt/β-catenin signaling activity. Finally, we found that mimicking Wnt/β-catenin signal strengthened the expression level of miR-218, while blocking the signal attenuated the expression level of miR-218. This feed-forward regulatory circuit provides additional insight into how miRNAs acting as a signal amplifier interact with signal molecules during hASCs osteogenic differentiation. Taken together, we have established a regulatory network with a central role for the miR-218 in hASCs osteogenic differentiation. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Zhao B.-J.,Tongji University |
Zhao B.-J.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Liu Y.-H.,Tongji University
Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2014
Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) are considered as potential mesenchymal stem cell sources for future clinical applications in periodontal regeneration therapy. Simvastation, widely used for lowering serum cholesterol, is known to have a bone stimulatory effect. However, it is not clear whether simvastation affects the differentiation of PDLSCs. This study examined the effects of simvastatin on human PDLSCs in vitro and in vivo. Using the limiting dilution technique, human PDLSCs were isolated and expanded. PDLSCs were cultured with simvastatin (0.01-10 μm), and the proliferation was measured. The osteogenic differentiation was characterized by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and Alizarin Red-S staining for calcium deposition. The gene expression levels of osteogenic markers were evaluated by RT-PCR. In addition, PDLSCs were transplanted into nude mice with ceramic bovine bone powders as carriers to observe the capacity of mineralized tissue formation in vivo. Simvastatin at concentrations <1 μm did not suppress the proliferation of PDLSCs. After the administration of 0.1 μm simvastatin, the expression of ALP, bone sialoprotein, and bone morphogenetic protein-2 genes were significantly upregulated, and the ALP activity and mineralized nodule formation were significantly higher in the simvastatin-treated cells than the control cells. In addition, the in vivo transplantation results showed that simvastatin treatment promoted the degree of mineralized tissue formation. Collectively, simvastatin has positive effects on osteogenic differentiation of human PDLSCs in vitro and in vivo. This suggests that simvastatin might be a useful osteogenic induction agent for periodontal bone regeneration. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Li G.Q.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center
Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology | Year: 2012
To investigate the marginal adaptation of crowns fabricated by selective laser melting (SLM) and wax-lost-casting method, so as to provide an experimental basis for clinic. Co-Cr alloy full crown were fabricated by SLM and wax-lost-casting for 24 samples in each group. All crowns were cemented with zinc phosphate cement and cut along longitudinal axis by line cutting machine. The gap between crown tissue surface and die was measured by 6-point measuring method with scanning electron microscope (SEM). The marginal adaptation of crowns fabricated by SLM and wax-lost-casting were compared statistically. The gap between SLM crowns were (36.51 ± 2.94), (49.36 ± 3.31), (56.48 ± 3.35), (42.20 ± 3.60) μm, and wax-lost-casting crowns were (68.86 ± 5.41), (58.86 ± 6.10), (70.62 ± 5.79), (69.90 ± 6.00) μm. There were significant difference between two groups (P < 0.05). Co-Cr alloy full crown fabricated by wax-lost-casting method and SLM method provide acceptable marginal adaptation in clinic, and the marginal adaptation of SLM is better than that of wax-lost-casting method.
Zhen L.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Fan D.,Tongji University |
Yi X.,Tongji University |
Cao X.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an effective molecular target of anti-cancer therapies. Curcumin is known to inhibit growth, invasion and metastasis by downregulating EGFR expression in some cancer cells. However, the mechanism underlying the effect of curcumin in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of curcumin on proliferation and invasion in SCC-25 cell line. We also explored the effect of curcumin on the activition of EGFR and its downstream signaling molecules Akt, ERK1/2 and STAT3. Furthermore, we examined the inhibition effect of curcumin on EGF-induced EGFR phosphorylation and SCC-25 cells invasion. Our results showed that curcumin inhibited SCC-25 cells proliferation and induced G2/M phase arrest in a dose-dependent manner. Curcumin also inhibited SCC-25 cells invasion and downregulated MMP-2, MMP-9, uPA and uPAR expression. We further revealed that curcumin regulated the p-EGFR and EGFR downstream signaling molecules including Akt, ERK1/2 and STAT3. Finally, our data showed that crucumin reduced the EGF-induced phosphorylation of EGFR and suppressed EGF-triggered SCC-25 cells invasion. Taken together, our results suggest that curcumin reduced SCC-25 cells proliferation and invasion through inhibiting the phosphorylation of EGFR and EGFR downstream signaling molecules Akt, ERK1/2 and STAT3.
Zhen L.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Fan D.-S.,Tongji University |
Zhang Y.,Tongji University |
Cao X.-M.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center |
Wang L.-M.,Shanghai Stomatological Disease Center
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica | Year: 2015
Aim:To investigate the therapeutic effects of resveratrol (RSV) on periodontitis in diabetic mice and to explore the underlying mechanisms in vitro.Methods:Experimental periodontitis was induced in db/db mice by ligature application of porphyromonas gingivalis. The mice were treated with RSV (20 mg/kg, po) daily for 4 weeks. Alveolar bone loss, proinflammatory cytokines and TLR4 expression in the gingival tissue were measured. Cultured gingival epithelial cells (GECs) were used for in vitro studies. The transcriptional activity of TLR4 downstream signaling was analyzed using Western blotting.Results:RSV administration significantly decreased the blood glucose levels, and ameliorated alveolar bone loss in db/db mice with experimental periodontitis. RSV administration also suppressed the high levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and TLR4 in gingival tissue of the mice. In the GECs incubated in high glucose medium, TLR4 expression was substantially upregulated, which was partly blocked in the presence of RSV. Lipopolysaccharides markedly increased the expression and secretion of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α in the GECs cultured in high glucose medium, which was also partly blocked in the presence of RSV. Furthermore, RSV significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of TLR4 downstream factors NF-κB p65, p38MAPK, and STAT3.Conclusion:RSV exerts protective effects against experimental periodontitis in db/db mice via negative regulation of TLR4 signaling. © 2015 CPS and SIMM. All rights reserved.