Yan Q.,Tongji University |
Sun D.,Shanghai Puxing Community Health Care Center |
Li X.,Tongji University |
Zheng Q.,Shanghai Puxing Community Health Care Center |
And 3 more authors.
Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews | Year: 2014
Objective: We aim to explore the relationship of neck circumference to metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity in Chinese elders and to establish cut-off points of the neck circumference for MetS and obesity. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis for a population sample of 2092 individuals aged over 65years, representative of East China elders. MetS was identified according to the 2004 Chinese Diabetes Society criteria. Results: Neck circumference was correlated with body mass index (r=0.70, p=0.000 in men, and r=0.73, p=0.000 in women) and waist circumference (waist circumference; r=0.70, p=0.000 in men, and r=0.72, p=0.000 in women). According to neck circumference quartile, the prevalence of MetS and its components were increased significantly from Q1 to Q4 (p for trend <0.001) in both genders. Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that both waist circumference and neck circumference were independent predictors of Mets, with odds ratios (95% confidence interval) 1.11 (1.08-1.15; p=0.044) and 1.17 (1.07-1.28; p=0.000), respectively, in men and 1.08 (1.05-1.10; p=0.000) and 1.31 (1.21-1.42; p=0.000), respectively, in women. As for obesity, the significant independent indicators in both genders were also waist circumference and neck circumference (all p<0.01). In the receiver operating characteristic curves, both the optimal cut-off points of neck circumference for MetS and obesity were 38cm in men and 35cm in women. Conclusions: The neck circumference, as waist circumference, is also a valuable tool for identifying MetS and obesity, with established cut-off points for the prediction of MetS and obesity in Chinese elders. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.