Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital

Shanghai, China

Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital

Shanghai, China
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Ren R.-J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhang Y.-F.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Dammer E.B.,Emory University | Zhou Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 8 more authors.
Molecular Neurobiology | Year: 2016

A series of investigations have been performed regarding microRNA (miRNA, miR) of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients. However, most of these used microarray with neither validation by PCR nor any follow-up on the biological mechanism implicated by findings. Further, there were rarely any analyses linking clinical phenotype of de novo, drug-naive patients to cellular pathogenic mechanism(s) to date. Microarray screening followed by validation via quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) assays and the relationship between miRNAs and phenotypic indices were evaluated. Additionally, the cellular mechanism of miRNAs through effects of β-site amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleaving enzyme (BACE1) was assessed. We identified 2 specific differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs (miR-339 and miR-425) as potential diagnostic biomarkers for AD and revealed that these DE miRNAs could be involved in modulating the pathogenesis of AD via BACE1 protein inhibition. The findings presented here reveal a detailed snapshot of the profile of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) miRNA changes in AD patients, association with clinical phenotype, and potential roles in cellular pathogenesis. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Zhang F.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | Hang J.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | Zheng B.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | Christiani D.C.,Harvard University
Journal of Asthma | Year: 2015

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of bronchial asthma in Putuo district in Shanghai, China. Methods: Cross-sectional, community-based study was performed with random sampling of a district with a population of one million. The subjects were residents of the district and six or more years of age. Questionnaire and spirometry were completed in all subjects. Asthma was defined as physician-diagnosed asthma. The results were compared with the asthma study of 40000 population completed by the same team in Pudong area of Shanghai in 1997. Results: We surveyed 27042 participants. The prevalence of asthma was 1.8% (488/27042), much higher than the 0.41% (163/40000) found in the 1997 survey in Pudong area of Shanghai. In subjects with asthma, current smoking, obesity, gender distribution and the combination of allergic diseases between the two studies had no differences. The most prominent causes of asthma exacerbation were cold air, respiratory infection and dust inhalation. Pulmonary function for 428 asthma patients in Putuo survey was analyzed: 228 (53.3%) patients had FEV1%pred lower than 80%. Asthmatics older than 65 years had lower FEV1%pred than other age groups (p<0.01). Conclusions: The prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma in urban of Shanghai has increased in recent years. The most important causes of asthma exacerbations were cold air, respiratory infection and dust exposure. The proportion of individuals with decreased percent predicted forced expiratory volume of first second increased with age. Strengthening the prevention and treatment of asthma, especially in children with asthma, may decrease the health burden of asthma in the urban Chinese population. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.


Hang J.-Q.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | Zhang F.-Y.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | Dai H.-L.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | Christiani D.C.,Harvard University
Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source | Year: 2012

Background: Although recent research evidence suggests an association between household air pollution from solid fuel use, such as coal or biomass, and cardiovascular events such as hypertension, little epidemiologic data are available concerning such exposure effects on cardiovascular endpoints other than hypertension. We explored the association between in-home solid fuel use and self-reported diagnoses of cardiovascular endpoints, such as hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and diabetes. Methods. We analyzed 14,068 Chinese adults, aged 18 years and older. Odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using logistic regression models for the risk of each outcome after adjusting for potential confounders. Results: The use of solid fuel in home was significantly associated with an increased risk for hypertension (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.40 to 2.07), CHD (OR 2.58, 95% CI 1.53 to 4.32), and diabetes (OR 2.48, 95% CI 1.59 to 3.86), after adjusting for potential confounders. Compared with individuals in the lowest tertile of the duration of solid fuel exposure, those in the highest tertile of the duration of solid fuel exposure had an increased odds of hypertension (OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.45 to 2.06), stroke (OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.03 to 3.38), and diabetes (OR 3.18, 95% CI 2.11 to 4.78). Conclusions: Our data suggest that in-home solid fuel exposure maybe associated with increased risk for hypertension, CHD, stroke, and diabetes in the Chinese adult population. Further large-scale longitudinal studies are warranted to confirm these findings. © 2012 Lee et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


PubMed | Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The European respiratory journal | Year: 2016

Exposure to air pollution can be particularly high during commuting and may depend on the mode of transportation. We investigated the impact of commuting mode on pulmonary function in Shanghai, China.The Shanghai Putuo Study is a cross-sectional, population-based study. Our primary outcomes were forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) % predicted, and the secondary outcome was spirometric airflow obstruction. We tested the association between mode of transportation and these outcomes after adjusting for confounders.The study population consisted of 20102 subjects. After adjusting for confounders, the change (95% CI) in FEV1 was -2.15% pred (-2.88--1.42% pred) among pedestrians, -1.32% pred (-2.05--0.59% pred) among those taking buses without air conditioning, -1.33% pred (-2.05--0.61% pred) among those taking buses with air conditioning and -2.83% pred (-5.56--0.10% pred) among those using underground railways, as compared to cyclists (the reference group). The effects of mode on FVC % predicted were in the same direction. Private car use had a significant protective effect on FVC % predicted and the risk of airflow obstruction (defined by Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease but not by lower limit of normal criteria).Mode of transportation is associated with differences in lung function, which may reflect pollution levels in different transportation microenvironments.


PubMed | Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai University, Emory University and Karolinska Institutet
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular neurobiology | Year: 2016

A series of investigations have been performed regarding microRNA (miRNA, miR) of Alzheimers disease (AD) patients. However, most of these used microarray with neither validation by PCR nor any follow-up on the biological mechanism implicated by findings. Further, there were rarely any analyses linking clinical phenotype of de novo, drug-naive patients to cellular pathogenic mechanism(s) to date. Microarray screening followed by validation via quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) assays and the relationship between miRNAs and phenotypic indices were evaluated. Additionally, the cellular mechanism of miRNAs through effects of -site amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleaving enzyme (BACE1) was assessed. We identified 2 specific differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs (miR-339 and miR-425) as potential diagnostic biomarkers for AD and revealed that these DE miRNAs could be involved in modulating the pathogenesis of AD via BACE1 protein inhibition. The findings presented here reveal a detailed snapshot of the profile of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) miRNA changes in AD patients, association with clinical phenotype, and potential roles in cellular pathogenesis.


PubMed | Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital
Type: | Journal: BMC public health | Year: 2016

An inverse association between socioeconomic status and pulmonary function has emerged in many studies. However, the mediating factors in this relationship are poorly understood, and might be expected to differ between countries. We sought to investigate the relationship between socioeconomic status and lung function in China, a rapidly industrializing nation with unique environmental challenges, and to identify potentially-modifiable environmental mediators.We used data from the Shanghai Putuo Study, a cross-sectional study performed in Shanghai, China. Participants completed a questionnaire and spirometry. The primary exposure was socioeconomic status, determined by education level. The primary outcomes were FEV1 and FVC percent predicted. Multiple linear regressions were used to test this association, and the percent explained by behavioral, environmental, occupational, and dietary variables was determined by adding these variables to a base model.The study population consisted of a total of 22,878 study subjects that were 53.3 % female and had a mean age of 48. In the final multivariate analysis, the effect estimates for FEV1 and FVC percent predicted for low socioeconomic status (compared to high) were statistically significant at a p-value of <0.01. Smoking, biomass exposure, mode of transportation to work, a diet low in fruits or vegetables, and occupational category partially attenuated the relationship between SES and lung function. In a fully-adjusted age-stratified analysis, the socioeconomic disparity in lung function widened with increasing age.We found cross-sectional evidence of socioeconomic disparities in pulmonary function in Shanghai. These differences increased with age and were partially explained by potentially modifiable exposures.


Shi J.,University of Science and Technology Beijing | Shi J.,Harvard University | Hang J.-Q.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | Mehta A.J.,Harvard University | And 7 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2010

Rationale: The degree to which chronic respiratory health effects caused by exposures to cotton dust and endotoxin is reversible after cessation of textile work is unknown. Objectives: To investigate changes in lung function and respiratory symptoms after cessation of textile work and to determine whether past exposure to cotton dust and endotoxin or smoking history modify the associations. Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study consisting of 447 cotton textile workers exposed to cotton dust and 472 unexposed silk textile workers, with a 25-year follow-up. Spirometry testing and respiratory questionnaires were conducted at 5-year intervals. Generalized estimated equations were used to model the average 5-year change in FEV1 and odds ratios of respiratory symptom prevalence. Measurements and Main Results: Years since cessation of textile work was positively associated with 11.3 ml/yr and 5.6 ml/yr gains in 5-year FEV1 change for cotton and silk workers, respectively. Among male cotton workers, smokers gained more FEV 1 per year after cessation of exposure than did nonsmokers, and the risk of symptoms of chronic bronchitis and byssinosis was larger for smoking than for nonsmoking male cotton workers. Conclusions: Cessation of textile work was significantly associated with improvement in lung function and respiratory symptoms. The positive effect of work cessation was greater for cotton workers than for silk workers. For cotton workers, the improvement in lung function loss after cessation of textile work was greater among smokers, but no differences were observed for silk workers.


Lai P.S.,Massachusetts General Hospital | Lai P.S.,Harvard University | Hang J.Q.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | Zhang F.Y.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Occupational and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2014

Objective: Airborne endotoxin exposure has adverse and protective health effects. Studies show men have augmented acute inflammatory responses to endotoxin. In this longitudinal cohort study we investigated the effect of long-term exposure to endotoxin in cotton dust on health, and determined whether these effects differ by gender. Methods: In the Shanghai Textile Worker Study, 447 cotton and 472 control silk textile workers were followed from 1981 to 2011 with repeated measures of occupational endotoxin exposure, spirometry and health questionnaires. Impaired lung function was defined as a decline in forced expiratory volume in one second to less than the 5th centile of population predicted. Death was ascertained by death registries. We used Cox proportional hazards models to assess the effect of endotoxin exposure on the time to development of impaired lung function and death. Results: 128 deaths and 164 diagnoses of impaired lung function were ascertained between 1981 and 2011. HRs for the composite end point of impaired lung function or death was 1.47 (95% CI 1.09 to 1.97) for cotton vs silk workers and 1.04 (95% CI 1.01 to 1.07) per 10 000 endotoxin units (EU)/m3-years increase in exposure. HRs for all-cause mortality was 1.36 (95% CI 0.93 to 1.99) for cotton vs silk workers and 1.04 (95% CI 0.99 to 1.08) per 10 000 EU/m3-years. The risk associated with occupational endotoxin exposure was elevated only in men. Conclusions: Occupational endotoxin exposure is associated with an increase in the risk of impaired lung function and all-cause mortality in men.


Shi J.,China Institute of Industrial Relations | Shi J.,Harvard University | Mehta A.J.,Harvard University | Hang J.,Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Environmental Health Perspectives | Year: 2010

Background: Long-term occupational exposure to cotton dust that contains endotoxin is associated with chronic respiratory symptoms and excessive decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1), but the mechanisms of endotoxin-related chronic airflow obstruction remain unclear. Objective: In the current study, we examined temporal aspects of the exposure-response relationship between airborne endotoxin exposure, longitudinal change in FEV1, and respiratory symptoms in a cohort of Chinese cotton textile workers. Methods: This prospective cohort study followed 447 cotton textile workers from 1981 to 2006.at approximately 5-year intervals. We used a generalized estimating equations approach to model FEV1 level and respiratory symptoms as a function of past exposure (cumulative exposure up to the start of the most recent 5-year survey interval) and cumulative exposure (within the most recent interval) to endotoxins, after adjusting for other covariates. Models were stratified by active versus retired work status and by years employed before the baseline survey (< 5 and ≥ 5 years). Results and conclusions: Past exposure to endotoxin was associated with reduced FEV1 level among retired cotton workers. Among all cotton workers, past exposure was more strongly associated with reduced FEV1 for those hired < 5 years before baseline than for those who were hired ≥ 5 years after baseline. Recent endotoxin exposure was significantly associated with byssinosis, chronic bronchitis, and chronic cough.


PubMed | East China Normal University and Shanghai Putuo District Peoples Hospital
Type: | Journal: Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences | Year: 2016

A capillary electrophoresis approach with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection method has been developed for the determination of inorganic metabolites (thiocyanate, nitrite and nitrate) in human saliva. Field amplified sample injection, as a simple sample stacking technique, was used in conjunction for online preconcentration of above inorganic anions. A selective separation for the target anions from other coexisting constituents present in saliva could be obtained within 14min in a 10mmol/L His-90mmol/L HAc buffer (pH 3.70) at the separation voltage of -18kV. The limits of detection and limits of quantification of the three analytes were within the range of 3.1-4.9ng/mL (S/N=3) and 10-16ng/mL (S/N=10), respectively. The average recovery data were in the range of 81-108% at three different concentrations. This method provides a simple, rapid and direct approach for metabolite analyses of nitric oxide and cyanide based on noninvasive saliva sample, which presents a potential fast screening tool for clinical test.

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