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Dong B.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhou Y.-X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhao L.-B.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Lu L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Medical Science) | Year: 2011

Objective: To investigate the development and control of cerebrovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus in Shanghai urban residents, and explore its correlation with intensity of physical activity (occupation and exercise). Methods: The residents of 3 communities in Luwan District of Shanghai were randomly selected and surveyed with questionnaires, which included the conditions of chronic diseases (hypertension, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction and diabetes mellitus) and intensity of physical activity. Physical examinations, blood pressure measurement and blood biochemical indicator detection were conducted, and chronic disease related parameters were determined. The relationship between the development and control of chronic diseases and physical activity was analysed. Results: A total of 10 002 residents were involved in the study, among whom the prevalence of hypertension, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction and diabetes mellitus was 37.7%. Those who were employed in the latest year accounted for 15%. The mean body mass index, serum total cholesterol and serum low density lipoprotein were not under control. Investigation and analysis in occupational intensity revealed that the prevalence of chronic disease in the employed with low physical intensity was 2.67 times of that in the employed with medium or high physical intensity, and the blood pressure, fast blood glucose, serum total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein of the employed were significantly lower than those of the unemployed in patients with chronic diseases (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Investigation and analysis of exercise intensity indicated that the majority of patients with coronary heart disease took part in exercises of low intensity, and a higher percent of patients with diabetes mellitus participated in exercises of medium intensity. Conclusion: Health education should be conducted in residents, and health related parameters should be controlled. Taking part in exercises of low and medium intensity may help to control the status of cerebrovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus.

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