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Jia Y.,Zhejiang University | Jia Y.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences | Lin J.,Zhejiang University | Lin J.,Shanghai Laboratory Animal Research Center | And 2 more authors.
Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators | Year: 2013

The interactive effect of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on the proliferation of theca externa cells (TECs) was investigated in the prehierarchical small yellow follicles of laying hens. IGF-I manifested a proliferating effect like PGE 2 on TECs, but this stimulating effect was restrained by AG1024 (IGF-IR inhibitor), KP372-1 (PKB/AKT inhibitor) or NS398 (COX-2 inhibitor). AG1024, KP372-1 or NS398 abolished IGF-I-stimulated COX-2 expression and PGE2 production. Meanwhile, KP372-1, NS398 or AG1024 depressed the PGE2-stimulated expression of COX-2 and IGF-IR mRNA. Therefore, the IGF-I receptor pathway up-regulates COX-2 expression and PGE2 synthesis via PKB signaling cascade, and then PGE2 stimulates IGF-IR mRNA expression to promote TEC proliferation in an autocrine pattern. Overall, the reciprocal stimulation of intracellular PGE2 and IGF-I may enhance TEC proliferation and facilitate the development of chicken prehierarchical follicles. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

He B.,Zhejiang University | Lin J.,Zhejiang University | Lin J.,Shanghai Laboratory Animal Research Center | Li J.,Zhejiang University | And 3 more authors.
General and Comparative Endocrinology | Year: 2012

Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF or FGF2) plays diverse roles in regulating cell proliferation, migration and differentiation during embryo development. In this study, the effect of bFGF on ovarian germ cell development was investigated in the embryonic chicken by in vitro and in vivo experiments. Results showed that a remarkable decrease in bFGF expression in the ovarian cortex was manifested during meiosis progression. With ovary organ culture, we revealed that meiosis was initiated after retinoic acid (RA) treatment alone but was decreased after combined bFGF treatment that was detected by real time RT-PCR, fluorescence immunohistochemistry and Giemsa staining. Further, no significant difference in mRNA expression of either RA metabolism-related enzymes (Raldh2 and Cyp26b1) or RA receptors was displayed after bFGF challenge. This result suggests that the suppression of bFGF on meiosis was unlikely through inhibition of RA signaling. In addition, as a mitogen, bFGF administration increased germ cell proliferation (via BrdU incorporation) in cultured organ or cells in vitro and also in developing embryos in vivo. In contrast, blockade of bFGF action by SU5402 (an FGFR1 antagonist) or inhibition of protein kinase C signaling showed inhibited effect of bFGF on mitosis. In conclusion, bFGF suppresses RA-induced entry of germ cells into meiosis to ensure embryonic ovarian germ cells to maintain at undifferentiated status and accelerate germ cell proliferation by binding with FGFR1 involving PKC activation in the chicken. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

Zhao S.,Shanghai University | Luo H.,Military University of Technology | Kan G.,China Astronaut Research and Training Center | Zhao Y.,Shanghai Laboratory Animal Research Center | And 6 more authors.
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2014

Background/Aims: Naked mole rats (NMRs) survive and thrive in dark, dank environments with low levels of oxygen and poor quality nutrition. Their long lifespan is attributed to sustained good health and pronounced resistance to cancer. Physiological and biochemical processes, such as autophagy, may contribute to the successful aging of this exceptionally long-lived species. We demonstrated that NMRs have higher levels of autophagy than short-lived C57BL/6 mice, and this may play an important role in the maintenance of cellular protein quality and the defense of cells against intracellular and extracellular aggressors in NMRs. The present study assesses autophagy as a means for cells to flexibly respond to environmental changes (H2O2 treatment and a shortage of nutrients). Methods: Primary NMR HSCs were isolated from liver and treated with serum-free medium. Cells in the experimental group were incubated with different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H 2O2) in the presence and / or absence of 3-MA (5 mM).The LC3-II/LC3-I ratio was determined by western blot analysis. Western blotting was performed to analyze the expression level of Beclin 1 protein. Apoptosis and cell-cycle progression were analyzed by flow cytometry. Results: Our data reveal that both poor quality nutrition and H2O2 treatment induces apoptosis and autophagy in NMR hepatic stellate cells(HSCs). Conclusion: NMR cells have the capacity to induce cell death through apoptosis and downregulate the energy consuming processes through inhibition of proliferation when they become superfluous or irreversibly damaged. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Ni L.J.,Shanghai Laboratory Animal Research Center
Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji | Year: 2011

This study was to isolate microsatellite markers from Microtus fortis genome by magnetic beads enrichments. Through hybridization of biotin-labeled microsatellite oligonucleotide probes, which were captured by streptavidin-coated magnetic with the adaptor-ligated enzyme-digested genome fragments, single-stranded DNA fragments containing microsatellites were obtained. After PCR amplification, these fragments were then cloned into T vectors and were transformed into competent cells subsequently. Ninety-two microsatellite sequences were randomly isolated from 70 positive clones. Twenty-one out of 27 pairs of designed microsatellite primers were screened out from the microsatellite sequences, and 10 out of the 21 microsatellite loci were used to investigate the genetic diversity of three populations of M. fortis, Hunan (wild), Hunan (domesticated), and Ningxia (domesticated). All the 10 microsatellite loci used to analyze the genetic diversity exhibited a good level of polymorphism. The values of observed number of alleles (Na), effective number of alleles (Ne), observed heterozygosity (Ho), expected heterozygosity (He) and polymorphic information content (PIC) were all the highest in the Hunan (wild) population, lower in the Hunan (domesticated) population, and the lowest in the Ningxia (domesticated) population. Source

Yang X.,Donghua University | Wei X.,Shanghai Laboratory Animal Research Center | Hu J.,Shanghai Laboratory Animal Research Center | Liu X.,Shanghai Laboratory Animal Research Center
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2012

Swine and canine influenza, which is acute viral respiratory infectious disease, can do great threat to the health of people and animals. What's more, swine as an intermediate host for the transmission of avian influenza viruses to humans, it's very important to supervise the epidemiological situation of swine influenza virus (SIV) infections all over the world. The major aim of this paper was to investigate the epidemiological situation of influenza A viruses in laboratory swine and dogs in shanghai and surrounding area from January 2010 to March 2011. There were 109 throat swabs collected from swine and 35 from dogs. Based on RT-PCR, we have got only one swine influenza virus-positive sample and none canine influenza virus-positive. In addition, this survey not only gives a data about the epidemiological situation of swine and canine influenza, but also provides a basis and guarantee for taking a timely and effective security measures. Source

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