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Qiao N.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Liu Q.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Meng H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Meng H.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | Zhao D.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2014

Immunological adjuvants are agents that enhance specific immune responses to vaccines. At present more studies are needed to identify a suitable adjuvant for a particular vaccine with maximum safety and efficacy. In this study, six soyasaponins (Aa, Ab, Af, Ba, Bb, and Bb′) and three soyasaponin Ab-derivatives (AbDs) were selected to evaluate their toxicities and adjuvant activities. The haemolytic activity assay was performed to evaluate the toxicity of the tested soyasaponins and AbDs. Immunoadjuvant activity was investigated in vivo and in vitro using a splenocyte proliferation assay and sera indirect ELISA. Our results demonstrated that soyasaponins and AbDs showed a slight haemolytic effect to 0.5% red blood cell. Except for the Af and Ba groups, other soyasaponins and AbDs groups stimulated by concanavalin A (ConA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) showed a greater proliferative response at appropriate doses (0.01-10 μg/ml) compared with the control and Alum groups. Anti-OVA IgG, IgG1, IgG2a, and IgG2b were significantly enhanced by the soyasaponins (Ab, Ba, Bb, and Bb′), QS and AbDs groups (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01). In addition, three AbDs indicated a tendency of immunoadjuvant potential improvement after structural modification. Moreover, Ab-D2 showed adjuvant activity at the lowest injection dose among the three AbDs. In conclusion, these results suggested that soyasaponins together with their derivatives may represent viable candidates for effective vaccine adjuvants due to their higher immune response and lower or non-haemolytic effects. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

He H.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology
Bioengineered | Year: 2013

S100 proteins belong to a family of small, acidic, EF-hand Ca ( 2+) -binding proteins and have been found to exert both intracellular and extracellular functions in regulation of Ca ( 2+) homeostasis, cytoskeletal dynamics, cell cycle, motility and differentiation. As a result, they have been widely investigated for their association with diseases, such as, neurological diseases, cardiomyopathy, neoplasias and inflammatory diseases. To facilitate further studies of S100 proteins, we reported a simple and efficient method for the expression and purification of human S100A4 and S100A11 proteins in Escherichia coli. Since S100 proteins share many common physical and chemical characteristics, we expect that this approach can be extended to the production of most S100 proteins. Source

Yuan C.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhu C.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | Wu Y.,Inner Mongolia Agricultural University | Pan X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Hua X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2011

With the improvements in diagnostic techniques, Bartonella henselae (B. henselae) infection has recently been recognized to cause a widening spectrum of diseases. Cats are the natural reservoir hosts of B. henselae. The current study aims to investigate the prevalence of B. henselae infection in the cat populations in China. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and bacterial cultures confirm that 12.7% of the tested cats were positive for the infection. Old age and outdoor exposure were statistically associated with the infection. Multilocus sequence typing and eBURST analysis of the cat isolates collected in the present study show that 65.4% of the isolates belong to sequence type 1 (ST1). Three new STs (ST16-18) were identified in Midwestern China. These results may aid our understanding of the population structure of B. henselae in China and the relationship between human and cat strains in subsequent studies. © 2011 Yuan et al. Source

Wang Y.-K.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | Yan Y.-X.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | Li S.-Q.,Shanghai Entry Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau | Wang H.-A.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2013

Mycotoxins produced by different species of fungi may coexist in single cereal and feedstuff samples, which could become highly toxic for humans and animals. In order to quantify four mycotoxins (zearalenone, fumonisin B1, deoxynivalenol, and aflatoxin B1) in cereal and feedstuff samples simultaneously, a new suspension array immunoassay was developed. Antimycotoxin monoclonal antibodies were conjugated to the surface of different encoding microspheres (19#, 37#, 39#, and 49#), and mycotoxin-protein conjugates were then coupled with biotin. Using streptavidin-phycoerythrin as a signal reporter protein, this direct competition multiple suspension array immunoassay was optimized. The results showed that the detection limits for zearalenone, fumonisin B1, deoxynivalenol, and aflatoxin B1 were 0.51, 6.0, 4.3, and 0.56 ng/mL, respectively, with detection ranges of 0.73-6.8, 11.6-110.3, 8.6-108.1, and 1.1-14.1 ng/mL, respectively. For the detection of the spiked samples, the recovery rates were between 92.3% and 115.5%. This method also shows a good correlation coefficient (r = 0.99, P < 0.01) with liquid chromatography- tandem mass spectrometry in the detection of toxins in commercial cereal and feedstuff samples. This suspension array immunoassay was high-throughput and accurate for the rapid quantitative detection of multiple mycotoxins in commercial cereal and feedstuff samples. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

Wang Y.-K.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | Yan Y.-X.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | Ji W.-H.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | Wang H.-A.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2013

A lateral flow dual immunoassay (LFDIA) was developed for rapid quantitative detection of zearalenone (ZEN) and fumonisin B1 (FB1) in corn and wheat samples on a single test strip. Two test lines and the control line on the nitrocellulose membrane were coated with ZEN and FB1 conjugates and goat anti-mouse IgG, respectively. Colloidal gold nanoparticles were conjugated with monoclonal antibodies against ZEN or FB1. The intensity of the test lines was analyzed by a photometric strip reader to determine the concentrations of ZEN and FB1 based on the calibration curves of known concentrations versus intensity readings. Test parameters such as types of buffers, ratio of the two gold-labeled antibodies, and dilution of the sample extracts and the gold-labeled antibodies were optimized. The detection limit was 0.35 and 5.23 ng/mL for ZEN and FB1, respectively, and the corresponding detection ranges were 0.94-7.52 and 9.34-100.45 ng/mL, respectively. Spiked and natural samples were analyzed using both LFDIA and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The two methods had a good correlation (R2 = 0.96). The dual quantitative LFDIA is sensitive, rapid, and easy-to-use for on-site testing of a large number of samples. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

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