Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis

Shanghai, China

Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis

Shanghai, China
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Xu X.,Fudan University | Xu X.,Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis | Xu X.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Kidney Disease and Blood Purification | Hu J.,Fudan University | And 14 more authors.
BMC Nephrology | Year: 2017

Background: Mounting evidence indicated that the elevated serum uric acid level was associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). Our goal was to systematically evaluate the correlation of serum uric acid (SUA) level and incidence of AKI by longitudinal cohort studies. Methods: We searched electronic databases and the reference lists of relevant articles. 18 cohort studies with 75,200 patients were analyzed in this random-effect meta-analysis. Hyperuricemia was defined as SUA levels greater than 360-420 μmol/L (6-7 mg/dl), which was various according to different studies. Data including serum uric acid, serum creatinine, and incidence of AKI and hospital mortality were summarized using random-effects meta-analysis. Results: The hyperuricemia group significantly exerted a higher risk of AKI compared to the controls (odds ratio OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.76-2.86, p < 0.01). Furthermore, there is less difference of the pooled rate of AKI after cardiac surgery between hyperuricemia and control group (34.3% vs 29.7%, OR 1.24, 95% CI 0.96-1.60, p = 0.10), while the rates after PCI were much higher in hyperuricemia group than that in control group (16.0% vs 5.3%, OR 3.24, 95% CI 1.93-5.45, p < 0.01). In addition, there were significant differences in baseline renal function at admission between hyperuricemia and control groups in most of the included studies. The relationship between hyperuricemia and hospital mortality was not significant. The pooled pre-operative SUA levels were higher in AKI group than that in the non-AKI group. Conclusions: Elevated SUA level showed an increased risk for AKI in patients and measurements of SUA may help identify risks for AKI in these patients. © 2017 The Author(s).

Clark W.R.,Purdue University | Neri M.,San Bortolo Hospital | Garzotto F.,San Bortolo Hospital | Ricci Z.,Bambino Gesu Childrens Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Critical Care | Year: 2017

Since its inception four decades ago, both the clinical and technologic aspects of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) have evolved substantially. Devices now specifically designed for critically ill patients with acute kidney injury are widely available and the clinical challenges associated with treating this complex patient population continue to be addressed. However, several important questions remain unanswered, leaving doubts in the minds of many clinicians about therapy prescription/delivery and patient management. Specifically, questions surrounding therapy dosing, timing of initiation and termination, fluid management, anticoagulation, drug dosing, and data analytics may lead to inconsistent delivery of CRRT and even reluctance to prescribe it. In this review, we discuss current limitations of CRRT and potential solutions over the next decade from both a patient management and a technology perspective. We also address the issue of sustainability for CRRT and related therapies beyond 2027 and raise several points for consideration. © 2017 The Author(s).

Jiao X.,Fudan University | Jiao X.,Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis | Jiao X.,Kidney and Blood Purification Laboratory of Shanghai | Xu X.,Fudan University | And 11 more authors.
Nephrology | Year: 2017

Aim: Upregulation of miR-21 in renal ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) was associated with increased hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α expression. Hypoxic induction of HIF-1α is mediated by inhibition of prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2).We hypothesized that miR-21 regulated HIF-1α by targeting PHD2 in the renal IPC. Methods: Luciferase reporter assay examined if miR-21 target the 3'-untranslated region of PHD2. In vitro, human proximal tubular cell line (HK-2) was incubated in hypoxia or hypoxia/ reoxygenation condition. Kidneys of Mice were respectively subjected to ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and IPC. Locked nucleic acid (LNA) modified anti-miR-21 was used to knockdown miR-21. Serum creatinine and histological changes estimated the renal injury. Levels of HIF-1α, PHD2, VEGF and miR-21 were examined by western blot or real-time PCR. Result: miR-21 targeting of PHD2 was confirmed by 3'-untranslated region reporter assay. miR-21 was significantly upregulated by hypoxia/reoxygenation in HK-2 cell, while PHD2 protein level decreased significantly. LNA anti-miR-21 significantly repressed miR-21 levels and increased the abundance of PHD2. In vivo, IPC upregulated miR-21 expression 24 h after the second ischaemia, while PHD2 expression decreased significantly with upregulation of HIF-1α protein and VEGF mRNA. MiR-21 induced by delayed IPC was effectively inhibited by the LNA anti-miR-21. With downregulation of miR-21, the protection of delayed IPC was attenuated and PHD2 protein was increased. Furthermore, upregulation of HIF-1α and VEGF were abolished after the LNA anti-miR-21 treatment. Conclusion: miR-21 could protect kidney against IRI via HIF-1α by inhibiting its target PHD2.The study suggested a new relationship between miR-21 and HIF-1α. © 2016 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology

Liu X.,Fudan University | Liu X.,Dalian Medical University | Liu X.,Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis | Cai J.,Fudan University | And 8 more authors.
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica | Year: 2017

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation is a promising therapy for acute kidney injury; however, the efficacy is limited due to poor survival after transplantation. In this study, we investigated how MSC transplantation timing affected the survival and therapeutic potential of MSCs in the kidney ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury model. After kidney I/R injury, the inflammatory process and tissue damage were characterized over 1 week post-I/R, we found that inflammation peaked at 12-24 h post-I/R (h.p.i.), and urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) measurements correlated highly with measures of inflammation. We cultured MSCs with supernatants from I/R injured kidney tissue homogenates collected at different time points and found that kidney homogenates from 12 and 24 h.p.i. were most toxic to MSCs, whereas homogenates from 1 h.p.i. were not as cytotoxic as those from 12 and 24 h.p.i. Compared with MSCs administered at 12, or 24 h.p.i., cells administered immediately after ischemia or 1 h.p.i. yielded the highest renoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects. Our findings indicate that MSC treatment for acute kidney injury is most effective when applied prior to the development of a potent inflammatory microenvironment, and urine NGAL may be helpful for detecting inflammation and selecting MSC transplantation timing in I/R kidney injury. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Clark W.R.,Purdue University | Ding X.,Fudan University | Ding X.,Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis | Qiu H.,Nanjing Southeast University | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2017

Recent data indicate AKI is very common among hospitalized Chinese patients and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is increasingly offered for treatment. However, only anecdotal information regarding CRRT’s use in relation to other modalities and the specific manner in which it is prescribed exists currently. This report summarizes the results of a comprehensive physician survey designed to characterize contemporary dialytic management of AKI patients in China, especially with respect to the utilization of CRRT. The survey queried both nephrologists and critical care physicians across a wide spectrum of hospitals about factors influencing initial RRT modality selection, especially patient clinical characteristics and willingness to receive RRT, treatment location, and institutional capabilities. For patients initially treated with CRRT, data related to indication, timing of treatment initiation, dose, anticoagulation technique, and duration of therapy were also collected. Among AKI patients considered RRT candidates, the survey indicated 15.1% (95% CI, 12.3%-17.9%) did not actually receive dialysis at Chinese hospitals. The finding was largely attributed to prohibitively high therapy costs in the view of patients or their families. The survey confirmed the dichotomy in RRT delivery in China, occurring both in the nephrology department (with nephrologists responsible) and the intensive care unit (with critical care physicians responsible). For all patients who were offered and received RRT, the survey participants reported 63.9% (56.4%-71.3%) were treated initially with CRRT and 24.8% (19.2%-30.3%) with intermittent hemodialysis (HD) (P<0.001). The mean percentage of patients considered hemodynamically unstable at RRT initiation was 36.2% (31.3%-41.1%), although this figure was two-fold higher in patients treated initially with CRRT (43.1%; 35.8%-50.4%) in comparison to those initially treated with HD (22.4%; 16.4%-28.4%)(P<0.001). An overwhelming majority of intensive care patients were treated initially with CRRT (86.6%; 79.8–93.4%) while it was the initial modality in only 44.6% (33.5–55.7%) of patients treated in a nephrology department (P<0.001). Approximately 70% of respondents overall reported prescribing a CRRT dose in the range of 20–30 mL/kg/hr while approximately 20% of prescriptions fell above this range. Daily prescribed therapy duration demonstrated a marked divergence from values reported in the literature and standard clinical practice. Overall, the most common average prescribed value (50% of respondents) fell in the 10–20 hr range, with only 18% in the 20–24 hr range. Moreover, 32% of respondents reported an average prescribed value of less than 10 hrs per day. While the percentages for the 10–20 hrs range were essentially the same for nephrology and ICU programs, a daily duration of less than 10 hrs was much more common in nephrology programs (48.0%; 38.3%-57.9%) versus ICU programs (16%; 10.0%-24.6%)(P<0.001). Our analysis demonstrates both similarities and differences between RRT practices for AKI in China and those in the developed world. While some differences are driven by non-medical factors, future studies should explore these issues further as Chinese RRT practices are harmonized with those in the rest of the world. © 2017 Clark et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Nie Y.,Fudan University | Nie Y.,Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis | Zou J.,Fudan University | Zou J.,Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis | And 13 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Background: Sudden cardiac death is one of the primary causes of mortality in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Prolonged QTc interval is associated with increased rate of sudden cardiac death. The aim of this article is to assess the abnormalities found in electrocardiograms (ECGs), and to explore factors that can influence the QTc interval. Methods: A total of 141 conventional HD patients were enrolled in this study. ECG tests were conducted on each patient before a single dialysis session and 15 minutes before the end of dialysis session (at peak stress). Echocardiography tests were conducted before dialysis session began. Blood samples were drawn by phlebotomy immediately before and after the dialysis session. Results: Before dialysis, 93.62% of the patients were in sinus rhythm, and approximately 65% of the patients showed a prolonged QTc interval (i.e., a QTc interval above 440 ms in males and above 460ms in females). A comparison of ECG parameters before dialysis and at peak stress showed increases in heart rate (77.45±11.92 vs. 80.38±14.65 bpm, p = 0.001) and QTc interval (460.05±24.53 ms vs. 470.93±24.92 ms, p<0.001). After dividing patients into two groups according to the QTc interval, lower pre-dialysis serum concentrations of potassium (K+), calcium (Ca (Ca2+), phosphorus, calcium∗ phosphorus (Ca∗P), and higher concentrations of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were found in the group with prolonged QTc intervals. Patients in this group also had a larger left atrial diameter (LAD) and a thicker interventricular septum, and they tended to be older than patients in the other group. Then patients were divided into two groups according to ΔQTc (ΔQTc = QTc peak-stress-QTc pre-HD). When analyzing the patients whose QTc intervals were longer at peak stress than before HD, we found that they had higher concentrations of Ca2+ and P5+ and lower concentrations of K+, ferritin, UA, and BNP. They were also more likely to be female. In addition, more cardiac construction abnormalities were found in this group. In multiple regression analyses, serum Ca2+ concentration before HD and LAD were independent variables of QTc interval prolongation. UA, ferritin, and interventricular septum were independent variables of ΔQTc. Conclusion: Prolonged QT interval is very common in HD patients and is associated with several risk factors. An appropriate concentration of dialysate electrolytes should be chosen depending on patients' clinical conditions. © 2016 Nie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Nie Y.,Fudan University | Nie Y.,Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis | Zhang Z.,Fudan University | Zhang Z.,Shanghai Institute of Kidney Disease and Dialysis | And 13 more authors.
Hemodialysis International | Year: 2016

Introduction Hemodialysis (HD) patients are under observably elevated cardiovascular mortality. Cardiac dysfunction is closely related to death caused by cardiovascular diseases (CVD). In the general population, repetitive myocardial ischemia induced left ventricular (LV) dysfunction may progress to irreversible loss of contraction step by step, and finally lead to cardiac death. In HD patients, to remove water and solute accumulated from 48 or 72 hours of interdialysis period in a 4-hour HD session will induce myocardial ischemia. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence and potential risk factors associated with HD-induced LV systolic dysfunction and provide some evidences for clinical strategies. Methods We recruited 31 standard HD patients for this study from Fudan University Zhongshan hospital. Echocardiography was performed predialysis, at peak stress during HD (15 minutes prior to the end of dialysis), and 30 minutes after HD. Auto functional imaging (AFI) was used to assess the incidence and persistence of HD-induced regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs). Blood samples were drawn to measure biochemical variables. Findings Among totally 527 segments of 31 patients, 93.54% (29/31) patients and 51.40% (276/527) segments were diagnosed as RWMAs. Higher cTnT (0.060 ± 0.030 vs. 0.048 ± 0.015 ng/mL, P = 0.023), phosphate (2.07 ± 0.50 vs. 1.49 ± 0.96 mmol/L, P = 0.001), UFR (11.00 ± 3.89 vs. 8.30 ± 2.66 mL/Kg/h, P = 0.039) and lower albumin (37.83 ± 4.48 vs. 38.38 ± 2.53 g/L, P = 0.050) were found in patients with severe RWMAs (RWMAs in more than 50% segments). After univariate and multivariate analysis, interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) was found as independent risk factor of severe RWMAs (OR = 1.047, 95%CI 1.155–4.732, P = 0.038). Discussion LV systolic dysfunction induced by HD is prevalent in conventional HD patients and should be paid attention to. Patients would benefit from better weight control during interdialytic period to reduce ultrafiltration rate. © 2016 International Society for Hemodialysis

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