PubMed | Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery, Rui Jin Hospital and Shanghai JiaoTong University
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2015
Inactivation of p53 and/or Rb pathways restrains osteoblasts from cell-cycle exit and terminal differentiation, which underpins osteosarcoma formation coupled with dedifferentiation. Recently, the level of p-S6K was shown to independently predict the prognosis for osteosarcomas, while the reason behind this is not understood. Here we show that in certain high-grade osteosarcomas, immature SSEA-4(+) tumor cells represent a subset of tumor-initiating cells (TICs) whose pool size is maintained by mTORC1 activity. mTORC1 supports not only SSEA-4(+) cell self-renewal through S6K but also the regeneration of SSEA-4(+) TICs by SSEA-4(-) osteosarcoma cell dedifferentiation. Mechanistically, active mTORC1 is required to prevent a likely upregulation of the cell-cycle inhibitor p27 independently of p53 or Rb activation, which otherwise effectively drives the terminal differentiation of SSEA-4(-) osteosarcoma cells at the expense of dedifferentiation. Thus, mTORC1 is shown to critically regulate the retention of tumorigenicity versus differentiation in discrete differentiation phases in SSEA-4(+) TICs and their progeny.
Dong T.-T.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Dong T.-T.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
Dong T.-T.,Shanghai Minimally Invasive Surgery Center |
Zhou H.-M.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
And 12 more authors.
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2011
Background: Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) in colorectal cancers (CRC) may account for the failure of treatments because they are resistant to many current anticancer therapies. Salinomycin, a potassium ionophore, was recently identified as a selective inhibitor of breast CSCs. Methods: The human CRC cell lines HT29 and SW480 were treated with salinomycin and oxaliplatin. Cell viability was determined with cell counting kit 8. Fraction of CD133+ cell subpopulations was assessed by Flow Cytometric analysis. Clonogenecity and migration were determined with soft agar and Boyden chamber assays. Molecular changes were assessed by immunofluorescence staining, RT-PCR, and Western blot analysis. Results: We report that salinomycin reduces the proportion of CD133+ subpopulations in human CRC HT29 and SW480 cells. Furthermore, salinomycin treatment decreases colony-forming ability and cell motility in HT29 cells. Moreover, salinomycin downregulates the expression of vimentin and induces the E-cadherin expression in HT29 cells. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the ability of salinomycin to selectively target "CD133+" cell subpopulations and decrease the malignant traits in colorectal cancer lines. © 2011 Society of Surgical Oncology.
Jiang Z.-Y.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
Xu C.-Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Chang X.-X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Li W.-W.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
And 3 more authors.
BMC Gastroenterology | Year: 2013
Background: Fatty liver index (FLI) was recently established to predict non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in general population, which is known to be associated with coronary artery atherosclerotic disease (CAD).This study aims to investigate whether FLI correlates with NAFLD and with newly diagnosed CAD in a special Chinese population who underwent coronary angiography.Methods: Patients with CAD (n = 231) and without CAD (n = 482) as confirmed by coronary angiography were included. Among them, 574 patients underwent B-ultrosonography were divided into NAFLD group (n = 209) and non-NAFLD group (n = 365). Correlation between FLI and NAFLD was analyzed using pearson's correlation. The associations between FLI and NAFLD as well as CAD were assessed using logistic regression. The predictive accuracy of FLI for NAFLD was evaluated using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis.Results: FLI was significantly higher in NAFLD group (37.10 ± 1.95) than in non-NAFLD group (17.70 ± 1.04), P < 0.01. FLI correlated with NAFLD (r = 0.372, P < 0.001). The algorithm for FLI had a ROC-AUC of 0.721 (95% CI: 0.678-0.764) in the prediction of NAFLD. Logistic regression analysis showed that FLI was associated with NAFLD (adjusted OR = 1.038, 95% CI: 1.029-1.047, P < 0.01). The proportion of patients with CAD did not differ among the groups of FLI ≤ 30 (32.3%), 30-60 (31.0%), and ≥60 (35.3%). No significant association was found between FLI and CAD (adjusted OR = 0.992, 95% CI: 0.981-1.003 in men and OR = 0.987, 95% CI: 0.963-1.012 in women, P > 0.05).Conclusions: FLI showed good correlation with NAFLD in patients who underwent coronary angiography, but not with newly diagnosed CAD. This might be underestimated because some patients in non-CAD group may have other underlying cardiovascular diseases. © 2013 Jiang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Jiang Z.-Y.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
Cai Q.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
Chen E.-Z.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014
Background: In this study, we evaluated the association between these polymorphisms and gallstone disease using metaanalysis and compared the hepatic ABCG5/G8 mRNA expression and biliary lipids composition in patients with different genotypes of T400K and Y54C. Methods: Data were analyzed using the Stata/SE 11.0 software and a random-effects model was applied irrespective of between-study heterogeneity. Hepatic mRNA expression of ABCG5/G8 genes in 182 patients with gallstone disease and 35 gallstone-free patients who underwent cholecystectomy were determined using real-time PCR. Genotypes of Y54C and T400K in the ABCG8 gene were determined by allelic discrimination using either genomic DNA or hepatic cDNA as template by Taqman assays. Biliary compostion in gallbladder bile was assayed in these patients as well. Results: Ten papers including 13 cohorts were included for the final analysis. In the genotype model, the overall association between genotype with gallstone was significant for D19H (OR = 2.43, 95%CI: 2.23-2.64, P<0.001), and for Y54C (OR = 1.36, 95%CI: 1.01-1.83, P = 0.044), or T400K (OR = 1.17, 95%CI: 0.96-1.43. P = 0.110). In allele model, minor alleles of D19H polymorphism (allele D: OR = 2.25, 95%CI: 2.10-2.42, P<0.001) and of T400K polymorphism (allele K: OR = 1.18, 95%CI: 1.06-1.31, P<0.001) were related with an increased risk of gallstone disease. However, minor allele of Y54C polymorphism (allele Y, OR = 1.08, 95%CI: 0.96-1.21, P = 0.146) was not related with gallstone disease. I2 statistics indicated no significant between-study heterogeneity for all genetic models for any of the three polymorphisms. Funnel plot and Egger's test suggested the absence of publication bias as well. However, no association of T400K and Y54C polymorphism with hepatic ABCG8/G5 mRNA expression or biliary lipids composition was found. Conclusions: Our study showed strong association of D19H polymorphism with gallstone disease. T400K and Y54C polymorphism, though to a less extent, may also relate with gallstone disease. © 2014 Jiang et al.
Xue P.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Niu W.-Q.,Shanghai Institute of Hypertension |
Jiang Z.-Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Jiang Z.-Y.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
Background: Numerous studies have investigated the relationship between apolipoprotein (Apo) E gene polymorphisms and gallbladder stone disease (GSD) across ethnic populations; however, the results are often inconsistent. This meta-analysis aims to comprehensively evaluate the influence of a common ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphism in Apo E gene on the risk of gallbladder stone disease. Method: Data were analyzed using the RevMan software (V5.1) and a random-effects model was applied irrespective of between-study heterogeneity. Publication bias was weighed using the fail-safe number. Results: There were 17 study populations totaling 1773 cases and 2751 controls for ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphism of Apo E gene. Overall comparison of alleles ε2 with ε3 in all study populations yielded a 16% decreased risk for GSD (95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 0.68-1.05; P = 0.31; I2 = 13%), and comparison of alleles ε4 with ε3 yielded a 25% increased risk (95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 0.97-1.61; P = 0.0003; I2 = 63%). Subgroup analysis by study design indicated that the magnitude of association in hospital-based studies was largely significantly strengthened for ε4 allelic model (odds ratio [OR] = 1.46; 95% CI: 1.05-2.02; p = 0.0007; I2 = 65%). Subgroup analysis by age of controls indicated a remarkably significant elevation in the magnitude of association in age >50 subgroups in ε4 allelic model (OR = 1.50; 95% CI: 1.03-2.19; p = 0.0009; I2 = 72%). Moreover, subgroup analysis by cases gender indicated a reduction in the magnitude of association in male<30% studies for E2/2 genotypic model (OR = 0.32; 95% CI: 0.07-1.49; p = 0.16; I2 = 45%). Conclusions: Our results reveal that Apo E gene ε4 allele is a risk factor of gallbladder stone disease, especially in elder people and Chinese population. © 2012 Xue et al.
Zhang X.-W.,Fudan University |
Sheng Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Li Q.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Qin W.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
And 7 more authors.
Molecular Cancer | Year: 2010
Background: The BMI1 oncogene is overexpressed in several human malignancies including gastric cancer. In addition to BMI1, mammalian cells also express Mel-18, which is closely related to BMI1. We have reported that Mel-18 functions as a potential tumor suppressor by repressing the expression of BMI1 and consequent downregulation of activated AKT in breast cancer cells. However, the mechanisms of BMI1 overexpression and the role of Mel-18 in other cancers are still not clear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of BMI1 and Mel-18 in gastric cancer.Results: BMI1 was found to be overexpressed in gastric cancer cell lines and gastric tumors. Overexpression of BMI1 correlated with advanced clinical stage and lymph node metastasis; while the expression of Mel-18 negatively correlated with BMI1. BMI1 but not Mel-18 was found to be an independent prognostic factor. Downregulation of BMI1 by Mel-18 overexpression or knockdown of BMI1 expression in gastric cancer cell lines led to upregulation of p16 (p16INK4a or CDKN2A) in p16 positive cell lines and reduction of phospho-AKT in both p16-positive and p16-negative cell lines. Downregulation of BMI1 was also accompanied by decreased transformed phenotype and migration in both p16- positive and p16-negative gastric cancer cell lines.Conclusions: In the context of gastric cancer, BMI1 acts as an oncogene and Mel-18 functions as a tumor suppressor via downregulation of BMI1. Mel-18 and BMI1 may regulate tumorigenesis, cell migration and cancer metastasis via both p16- and AKT-dependent growth regulatory pathways. © 2010 Zhang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Quan Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Quan Y.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
Jin R.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Huang A.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
And 5 more authors.
Cancer Biology and Therapy | Year: 2014
Previous reports have associated GRHL2 with tumor progression. However, the biological role of GRHL2 in human colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been explored. We examined the expression of GRHL2 in 75 CRC samples, as well as the paired non-tumor tissues, by immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR, and western blot analysis. The association between GRHL2 expression and various clinicopathological parameters including Ki-67, a marker of proliferative activity, was also evaluated. We performed lentivirus-mediated shRNA transfection to knock down GRHL2 gene expression in HT29 and HCT116 CRC cells. Cell proliferation was examined by the CCK-8 (Cell Counting Kit-8) assay, colony formation, and cell cycle assay in vitro. Tumorigenesis in vivo was assessed using a mouse xenograft model. Moreover, we transiently silenced ZEB1 expression in GRHL2-knockdown CRC cells using specific shRNA, and then examined the effects on GRHL2 and E-cadherin expression, as well as cell proliferation. Herein, we demonstrated that enhanced GRHL2 expression was detected in CRC, and correlated with higher levels of Ki-67 staining, larger tumor size, and advanced clinical stage. Knocking down GRHL2 in HT29 and HCT116 CRC cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation by decreasing the number of cells in S phase and increasing that in the G0/G1 phaseof the cell cycle. This resulted in inhibition of tumorigenesis in vivo, as well as increased expression of ZEB1. Furthermore, transient ZEB1 knockdown dramatically enhanced cell proliferation and increased GRHL2 and E-cadherin expression. Collectively, our study has identified ZEB1 as a target of GRHL2 and suggested a reciprocal GRHL2-ZEB1 repressive relationship, providing a novel mechanism through which proliferation may be modulated in CRC cells. © 2014 Landes Bioscience.
Feng B.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Feng B.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
Feng B.,Shanghai Minimally Invasive Surgery Center |
Dong T.T.,Shandong University |
And 11 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
MicroRNAs have been implicated in the regulation of several cellular signaling pathways of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Although emerging evidence proves that microRNA (miR)-106a is expressed highly in primary tumor and stool samples of CRC patients; whether or not miR-106a mediates cancer metastasis is unknown. We show here that miR-106a is highly expressed in metastatic CRC cells, and regulates cancer cell migration and invasion positively in vitro and in vivo. These phenotypes do not involve confounding influences on cancer cell proliferation. MiR-106a inhibits the expression of transforming growth factor-β receptor 2 (TGFBR2), leading to increased CRC cell migration and invasion. Importantly, miR-106a expression levels in primary CRCs are correlated with clinical cancer progression. These observations indicate that miR-106a inhibits the anti-metastatic target directly and results in CRC cell migration and invasion. © 2012 Feng et al.
Weber C.R.,University of Chicago |
Raleigh D.R.,University of Chicago |
Su L.,University of Chicago |
Su L.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Biological Chemistry | Year: 2010
Intestinal barrier function is reduced in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin (IL)-13, which are up-regulated in IBD, induce barrier defects that are associated with myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) activation and increased claudin-2 expression, respectively, in cultured intestinal epithelial monolayers. Here we report that these independent signaling pathways have distinct effects on tight junction barrier properties and interact in vivo. MLCK activation alters size selectivity to enhance paracellular flux of uncharged macromolecules without affecting charge selectivity and can be rapidly reversed by MLCK inhibition. In contrast, IL-13-dependent claudin-2 expression increases paracellular cation flux in vitro and in vivo without altering tight junction size selectivity but is unaffected by MLCK inhibition in vitro. In vivo, MLCK activation increases paracellular flux of uncharged macromolecules and also triggers IL-13 expression, claudin-2 synthesis, and increased paracellular cation flux. We conclude that reversible, MLCK-dependent permeability increases cause mucosal immune activation that, in turn, feeds back on the tight junction to establish long-lasting barrier defects. Interactions between these otherwise distinct tight junction regulatory pathways may contribute to IBD pathogenesis. © 2010 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Zhou Q.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
Wang C.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
Wang X.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
Wu X.,Shanghai Institute of Digestive Surgery |
And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014
Background: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a receptor of lipopolysaccharide in the signaling transduction of gastric epithelial cell. It plays a pivotal role in activation of innate immunity and pathogen recognition and thus acts as a modulator in the development and progression of gastric cancer. Growing studies explored the association of polymorphisms in TLR4 with susceptibility to gastric cancer, but the results have remained controversial and conflicting. To investigate the effect of two selected TLR4 (+896A/G and +1196C/T) polymorphisms on gastric cancer, we performed a meta-analysis.Methods: A comprehensive search was conducted to identify all eligible case-control publications investigating the association between TLR4 polymorphisms and gastric cancer risk. Odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to assess such association.Results: Up to March 26 2014, 10 published case-control studies from PubMed and EMBase were available, involving a total of 1888 gastric cancer patients and 3433 control subjects. In the overall meta-analyses, a significantly increased gastric cancer risk was detected in TLR4 +896A/G polymorphism (heterozygous model, AG vs. AA: OR=1.67, 95% CI, 1.39-2.01; additive model, G vs. A: OR = 1.64, 95% CI, 1.37-1.95) and TLR4 +1196C/T polymorphism (heterozygous model, CT vs. CC: OR = 1.42, 95% CI, 1.11-1.81; additive model, T vs. C: OR=1.36, 95% CI, 1.08-1.72), similar results were obtained in the subgroup analyses of Caucasian, whereas no associations were detected in any genetic models of non-Caucasian.Conclusions: The overall results suggest that TLR4 polymorphisms (+896A/G and +1196C/T) may be associated with a significantly increased gastric cancer risk in Caucasian. © 2014 Zhou et al.