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Li M.,Tongji University | Li H.,Tongji University | Jiang P.,Shanghai Hutchison Pharmaceuticals Company | Liu X.,Tongji University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular BioSystems | Year: 2014

Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) develops as a complication of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). The unclear pathological pathways of PVR and RRD have been the biggest obstacle for successful retinal reattachment. In this study, a metabolomics approach using reversed-phase liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS) was developed to obtain a systematic view of the pathological processes of RRD and PVR. Through a partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) method, 31 biomarkers were identified in the vitreous samples of RRD and PVR patients. Sixteen pathways participated in the development of RRD and PVR. Through analyzing the biological effects of those identified biomarkers, inflammation, proliferation and energy consumption were the three major disturbed biological processes involved in the RRD and PVR development. Inflammation happened in the pathological processes of RRD, and proliferation mainly happened during PVR formation. The established network of biomarkers indicated that the histidine metabolism and citrate cycle were seriously disturbed during the RRD and PVR development. The metabolomics study supplied a systematic view of the development and progression of RRD and PVR on a metabolite level. © 2014 the Partner Organisations. Source


Zhan C.,Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhan C.,Shanghai Hutchison Pharmaceuticals Company | Zhan C.,Shanghai Engineering Research Center for Innovation of Solid Preparation of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Zhan C.,Shanghai R and nter for Standardization of Traditional Chinese Medicines | And 6 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2016

Danning Tablets are a traditional Chinese formula showing broad clinical applications in hepatobiliary diseases and containing a diversity of bioactive chemicals. However, the chemical profiling of the formula, which serves as the material foundation of its efficacy, is really a big challenge as Danning Tablets consist of seven herbs from different origins. An ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to diode array detection and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (UPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS) approach was developed to characterize the principal polyphenol constituents in the formula. As a result, a total of 32 constituents, including 14 anthraquinones and their glucosides, four anthrones, two naphthalene glycosides, two stilbenes and 10 flavonoids were identified based on their retention time, UV absorption and MS/MS fragmentation patterns. The sources of these compounds were also illustrated. Most of the bioactive anthraquinone derivatives were found in Rhei Radix et Rhizoma or Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma et Radix, which are the Emperor drugs in the formula for its clinic usage. These findings indicate the merit of using this integrated UPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS approach to rapidly illustrate the chemical foundation of complex formulas. The present study will facilitate the quality control of Danning Tablet formulas as well as the individual herbs. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI. Source


Xiang L.,Shanghai University | Jiang P.,Shanghai University | Jiang P.,Shanghai Hutchison Pharmaceuticals Company | Zhan C.,Shanghai Hutchison Pharmaceuticals Company | And 9 more authors.
Molecular BioSystems | Year: 2012

A metabolomic approach based on liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight detector (LC-Q-TOF/MS) was developed to investigate the therapeutic mechanism of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP) and a multi-component medicine polypill (consisting of simvastatin (Sim), atenolol (Ate), ramipril (Ram), hydrochlorthiazide (Hyd) and aspirin (Asp), named as SARHA). Twenty-seven biomarkers were identified in the serum of MI rats. Thirteen related pathways and 4 main pathological processes including oxidative injury, energy metabolism dysfunction, amino acid metabolism dysfunction and inflammation are involved in MI development. Our study revealed that SBP showed better therapeutic effectiveness than the polypill on MI through regulation of the energy metabolism dysfunction, oxidative injury and inflammation. The combination agent polypill had only certain therapeutic effects on inhibiting oxidative injury and inflammation induced by MI. The reverse effect of the polypill on biomarkers related to MI was much better than mono-therapy groups. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source


Jiang P.,Shanghai University | Jiang P.,Shanghai Hutchison Pharmaceuticals Company | Fu P.,Shanghai University | Xiang L.,Shanghai University | And 11 more authors.
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2014

Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP) is a traditional Chinese medicine, widely used for cardiovascular diseases in the clinic. Ginsenosides are important effective components in SBP, but their pharmacokinetic characteristics are still not known. In this paper, we studied the pharmacokinetics of ginsenoside Rb1, Rc, Re and Rg1 in SBP and investigated the effect of borneol on the pharmacokinetic characteristic of ginsenosides based on an Agilent G6410A triple quadrupole LC/MS system. Results showed that the pharmacokinetic parameters of ginsenoside Rb1, Rc, Re and Rg1 in rat plasma after oral administration of SBP are significantly different with oral administration of SBP without Borneolum Syntheticum. Plasma pharmacokinetic profiles after oral administration of ginsenoside Rb1, Rc, Re, Rg1 and co-administration with borneol at three different ratios (10:1, 1:1 and 1:10 ginsenoside vs borneol, w/w) were also determined. It was demonstrated that borneol can elevate the plasma concentration of ginsenosides after co-admininstration. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Jiang P.,Shanghai University | Dai W.,Shanghai University | Yan S.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Chen Z.,Shanghai Hutchison Pharmaceuticals Company | And 7 more authors.
Molecular BioSystems | Year: 2011

A metabolomic method using reversed-phase liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS) was developed to obtain a systematic view of the development and progression of myocardial infarction (MI). By combining with partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), 16 biomarkers in rat urine were identified and eight of them were related to the pathway of energy metabolism. Among the regulated pathways, the citric acid cycle related network was acutely perturbed. The metabolomic results not only supplied a systematic view of the development and progression of MI but also provided the theoretical basis for the prevention or treatment of MI. The developed method was also used to analyze the therapeutic effects of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) named Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP), a widely used anti-MI medicine in clinics. The results showed that SBP administration could provide satisfactory effects on MI through partially regulating the perturbed pathway of energy metabolism. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011. Source

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