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Begley D.W.,University of Washington | Begley D.W.,Emerald Biostructures | Zheng S.,University of Washington | Zheng S.,Shanghai Hengrui Pharmaceuticals Co. | Varani G.,University of Washington
Chemical Biology and Drug Design

Solution-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a versatile tool for the study of binding interactions between small molecules and macromolecular targets. We applied ligand-based NMR techniques to the study of human thymidylate synthase (hTS) using known nanomolar inhibitors and a library of small molecule fragments. Screening by NMR led to the rapid identification of ligand pairs that bind in proximal sites within the cofactor-binding pocket of hTS. Screening hits were used as search criteria within commercially available sources, and a subset of catalog analogs were tested for potency by in vitro assay and binding affinity by quantitative saturation transfer difference (STD)-NMR titration. Two compounds identified by this approach possess low micromolar affinity and potency, as well as excellent binding efficiency against hTS. Relative binding orientations for both leads were modeled using AutoDock, and the most likely bound conformations were validated using experimentally derived STD-NMR binding epitope data. These ligands represent novel starting points for fragment-based drug design of non-canonical TS inhibitors, and their binding epitopes highlight important and previously unexploited interactions with conserved residues in the cofactor-binding site. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Dong Q.,0410 Science Center Drive | Dong Q.,Shanghai Hengrui Pharmaceuticals Co. | Dougan D.R.,0410 Science Center Drive | Gong X.,0410 Science Center Drive | And 8 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters

A novel 5-phenylamino-8-methylpyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-4,7(3H,8H)-dione series of MEK inhibitors has been developed using structure-based drug design. Lead optimization of this series led to the discovery of TAK-733. This was advanced to Phase I clinical studies for cancer treatment. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source

Zhang W.,Fudan University | Shi Y.,Shanghai Hengrui Pharmaceuticals Co. | Chen Y.,Fudan University | Hao J.,Fudan University | And 2 more authors.

The increasing global incidence of malignant melanoma combined with the poor prognosis and low survival rates of patients necessitates the development of new chemotherapeutic strategies. Thus, the objective of this present study was to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of Pluronic polymeric micelles encapsulating paclitaxel (PTX) in both B16F10 melanoma subcutaneous mice model and pulmonary metastatic mice model. Herein, we developed a PTX-loaded polymeric micelles (PF-PTX) consisting of Pluronic P 123 and F127 block copolymers with small particle size (∼25 nm), high encapsulation efficiency (>90%), good stability in lyophilized form and pH-dependent in vitro release. Furthermore, influence of PF-PTX on in vitro cytotoxicity was determined by MTT assay using B16F10 melanoma cell line, while cellular distribution of PF-PTX was detected by confocal microscopy. Additionally, C57BL/6 mice bearing subcutaneous or pulmonary B16F10 melanoma tumors were treated with Taxol or PF-PTX, and antitumor effect was compared. It was found that antitumor efficacy of PF-PTX in both tumor models showed significant tumor growth delay and increased survival. In summary, the simple Pluronic-based nanocarrier could be harnessed for the delivery of anticancer drug to melanoma, with increased therapeutic index. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Zhang W.,Fudan University | Shi Y.,Shanghai Hengrui Pharmaceuticals Co. | Chen Y.,Fudan University | Ye J.,Fudan University | And 2 more authors.

The aim of this study was to exploit the possibility of combination of active targeting function of folic acid by folate receptor-mediated endocytosis and overcoming multidrug resistance (MDR) by Pluronic block copolymers to promote drug delivery to MDR tumor following intravenous administration with paclitaxel (PTX) as model drug. Folic acid functionalized Pluronic P123/F127 mixed micelles encapsulating PTX (FPF-PTX) was firstly developed and tested in vitro and in vivo, while PTX-loaded Pluronic P123/F127 mixed micelles (PF-PTX) and Taxol were used as control. FPF-PTX was about 20 nm in diameter with spherical shape and high encapsulation efficiency. Cellular uptake of FPF-PTX was found to be higher than that of PF-PTX due to the folate receptor-mediated endocytosis effect. In vitro cytotoxicity, cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest studies also revealed that FPF-PTX was more potent than those of PF-PTX and Taxol. In vivo pharmacokinetic study in rats showed that the polymeric micelles significantly enhanced the bioavailability of PTX (∼3 fold) than Taxol. Moreover, in BALB/c mice bearing KBv MDR tumor xenografts, stronger antitumor efficacy was shown in FPF-PTX group, with good correlation between in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, folate-conjugated Pluronic micelles could be a potential vehicle for delivering hydrophobic chemotherapeutic drugs to MDR tumors. © 2010. Source

Yan P.-K.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | Zhang L.-N.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | Feng Y.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | Qu H.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | And 3 more authors.
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica

Aim: The sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) plays an important role in renal glucose reabsorption, thus serves as a new target for the treatment of diabetes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate SHR3824 as a novel selective SGLT2 inhibitor and to characterize its in vivo effects on glucose homeostasis. The effects of chronic administration of SHR3824 on peripheral insulin sensitivity and pancreatic β-cell function were also investigated. Methods: The in vitro potency and selectivity of SHR3824 were assessed in HEK293 cells transfected with human SGLT2 or SGLT1. Acute and multi-dose studies were performed on ICR mice, GK rats and db/db mice to assess the ability of SHR3824 to enhance urinary glucose excretion and improve blood glucose levels. 2-Deoxyglucose uptake and insulin immunohistochemical staining were performed in the soleus muscle and pancreas, respectively, of db/db mice. A selective SGLT2 inhibitor BMS512148 (dapagliflozin) was taken as positive control. Results: SHR3824 potently inhibited human SGLT2 in vitro, but exerted much weak inhibition on human SGLT1 (the IC50 values of SHR3824 against human SGLT2 and SGLT1 were 2.38 and 4324 nmol/L, respectively). Acute oral administration of SHR3824 (0.3, 1.0, 3.0 mg/kg) dose-dependently improved glucose tolerance in ICR mice, and reduced hyperglycemia by increasing urinary glucose excretion in GK rats and db/db mice. Chronic oral administration of SHR3824 (0.3, 1.0, 3.0 mg·kg-1·d-1) dose-dependently reduced blood glucose and HbA1c levels in GK rats and db/db mice, and significantly increased insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in the soleus muscles and enhanced insulin staining in the islet cells of db/db mice. Conclusion: SHR3824 is a potent and selective SGLT2 inhibitor and exhibits antidiabetic efficacy in several rodent models, suggesting its potential as a new therapeutic agent for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. © 2014 CPS and SIMM All rights reserved. Source

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