Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital

Nanfeng, China

Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital

Nanfeng, China
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He Z.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Liu Y.,Shanghai University | Xue F.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Xiao H.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Orthopedics | Year: 2012

Congenital cervical kyphosis is a rare clinical condition. The purpose of this study was to review the surgical management and outcomes of 12 consecutive cases of congenital cervical kyphosis management by the same surgical team. The authors retrospectively analyzed the records of 12 patients (5 men and 7 women) with an average age of 18.4 years (range, 15-31 years) who underwent surgery for congenital cervical kyphosis at the authors' institution between 2001 and 2005. All patients had congenital cervical kyphosis; those with secondary kyphosis deformity due to causes such as infection, tumors, and surgery were excluded. The indications for surgery were signs of spinal cord compression with progression of clinical symptoms such as decreased muscle strength and paresthesia. All patients had radiographic evidence of cervical kyphosis. Six patients underwent anterior decompression, autogenous bone grafting, and instrumentation, and the other 6 patients underwent combined anterior-posterior surgery. All surgeries were performed successfully with no complications. Bone graft fusion occurred in 11 patients. In 1 patient who underwent anterior surgery, the bone graft was partly absorbed, and pseudarthrosis was noted at 3 years postoperatively. Mean Japan Orthopaedic Association cervical myelopathy score and mean Cobb angle were significantly improved at 1 week and 1 year postoperatively compared with preoperative values. Anterior and combined anterior-posterior surgical approaches are useful for the correction of congenital cervical kyphosis. Bone graft fusion is also critical for maintaining the surgical correction. Choice of surgical methods depends on the patient's clinical condition.


Gao G.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Sun Z.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Wenyong L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Dongxia Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 2 more authors.
Annals of Transplantation | Year: 2015

Background: Cancer stem cell-like side population (SP) cells, which may be responsible for recurrence, tumor metastasis, and resistance to cancer therapy, have been identified and characterized in several types of cell lines from gastric cancer. However, there is no report on isolation of SP cells from human gastric cancer cell line HGC-27. This study aims to analyze the proportion of SP cells in HGC-27 cell line, differentiate SP from non-side population (NSP) cells, and determine whether the SP cells have certain biological properties of stem cells. Material/Methods: (1) HGC-27 suspension was prepared and stained with Hoechst33342 and PI for flow cytometric isolation of SP (2). Differences in proliferation and stemness-related gene expression profiles (CD133, CD44, OCT-4, MDR1, EpCAM, and ABCG2) between SP and NSP cells were detected by gastric formation assay and quantitative real- time PCR (3). Oncogenicity of SP and NSP cells was determined in nude mice in vivo. Results: (1) SP cells accounted for 0.1–1.0% of HGC-27 cells, and decreased to 0% after verapamil inhibition. Using flow cytometry, we sorted 7.5×105 SP cells and most HGC-27 cells were NSP cells (2). Gastric formation assay and MTT demonstrated that there was a significant difference in proliferation between SP and NSP cells. Gene expression analysis showed that the expression of genes was significantly higher in SP cells (3). The oncogenicity experiment in nude mice revealed that 105 SP cells were able to form tumors, which demonstrated higher tumorigenicity than non-SP cells. Conclusions: These results collectively suggested that SP cells from HGC-27 cell line have some cancer stem cell properties and could be used for studying the pathogenesis of gastric cancer, which may contribute to discovery of novel therapeutic targets. © Ann Transplant, 2015.


He Z.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Hu B.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Tang L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zheng S.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2015

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, ADM) is an antimitotic drug used in the treatment of a wide range of malignant tumors, including acute leukemia, lymphoma, osteosarcoma, breast cancer, and lung cancer. Multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) are members of a superfamily of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, which can transport various molecules across extra- and intra-cellular membranes. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between MRP4 and primary ADM resistance in osteosarcoma cells. In this paper, we chose the human osteosarcoma cell line MG63, ADM resistant cell line MG63/DOX, and the patient's primary cell GSF-0686. We checked the ADM sensitivity and cytotoxicity of all the three cells by cell proliferation assay. The intracellular drug concentrations were measured by using LC-MS/MS. We also examined MRP4 gene expression by RT-PCR and Western Blot. We found that the intracellular ADM concentration of the parent osteosarcoma cell line MG63 was higher than the ADM resistant osteosarcoma MG63/DOX cell line or the GSF-0686 cell after ADM treatment (P < 0.05). In addition, MRP4 mRNA and protein levels in ADM resistant osteosarcoma cells were higher than in MG63 cell (P < 0.05). Taking together, this work suggests that overexpression of MRP4 may confer ADM resistance in osteosarcoma cells.


PubMed | Shanghai JiaoTong University and Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital
Type: | Journal: Annals of transplantation | Year: 2015

Cancer stem cell-like side population (SP) cells, which may be responsible for recurrence, tumor metastasis, and resistance to cancer therapy, have been identified and characterized in several types of cell lines from gastric cancer. However, there is no report on isolation of SP cells from human gastric cancer cell line HGC-27. This study aims to analyze the proportion of SP cells in HGC-27 cell line, differentiate SP from non-side population (NSP) cells, and determine whether the SP cells have certain biological properties of stem cells.(1) HGC-27 suspension was prepared and stained with Hoechst33342 and PI for flow cytometric isolation of SP (2). Differences in proliferation and stemness-related gene expression profiles (CD133, CD44, OCT-4, MDR1, EpCAM, and ABCG2) between SP and NSP cells were detected by gastric formation assay and quantitative real-time PCR (3). Oncogenicity of SP and NSP cells was determined in nude mice in vivo.(1) SP cells accounted for 0.1-1.0% of HGC-27 cells, and decreased to 0% after verapamil inhibition. Using flow cytometry, we sorted 7.510 SP cells and most HGC-27 cells were NSP cells (2). Gastric formation assay and MTT demonstrated that there was a significant difference in proliferation between SP and NSP cells. Gene expression analysis showed that the expression of genes was significantly higher in SP cells (3). The oncogenicity experiment in nude mice revealed that 105 SP cells were able to form tumors, which demonstrated higher tumorigenicity than non-SP cells.These results collectively suggested that SP cells from HGC-27 cell line have some cancer stem cell properties and could be used for studying the pathogenesis of gastric cancer, which may contribute to discovery of novel therapeutic targets.


PubMed | Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital and Shanghai JiaoTong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil) | Year: 2015

Pilon fracture is a complex injury that is often associated with severe soft tissue damage and high rates of surgical site infection. The goal of this study was to analyze and identify independent risk factors for surgical site infection among patients undergoing surgical fixation of a pilon fracture.The medical records of all pilon fracture patients who underwent surgical fixation from January 2010 to October 2012 were reviewed to identify those who developed a surgical site infection. Then, we constructed univariate and multivariate logistic regressions to evaluate the independent associations of potential risk factors with surgical site infection in patients undergoing surgical fixation of a pilon fracture.A total of 519 patients were enrolled in the study from January 2010 to October 2012. A total of 12 of the 519 patients developed a surgical site infection, for an incidence of 2.3%. These patients were followed for 12 to 29 months, with an average follow-up period of 19.1 months. In the final regression model, open fracture, elevated postoperative glucose levels (125 mg/dL), and a surgery duration of more than 150 minutes were significant risk factors for surgical site infection following surgical fixation of a pilon fracture.Open fractures, elevated postoperative glucose levels (125 mg/dL), and a surgery duration of more than 150 minutes were related to an increased risk for surgical site infection following surgical fixation of a pilon fracture. Patients exhibiting the risk factors identified in this study should be counseled regarding the possible surgical site infection that may develop after surgical fixation.


Zhu H.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Ding L.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Xiao H.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Ni W.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2012

Many commonly consumed foods, herbs and spices contain a complex array of naturally occurring bioactive molecules called phytochemicals, which may confer health benefits. In this study, the impact of LiuWei Zhuanggu Granules (LWZGG) on mineral metabolism in osteopenia development was evaluated. Results showed that serum estrogen, bone gla protein (BGP), and calcitonin (CT) levels, bone Ca, Zn and Cu levels, femur, lumbar vertebrae and trabecular bone density, tibia maximum stress and maximum bending strength were increased, and serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), serum and urine Ca, Zn and Cu levels were decreased in rat bone. It can be concluded that LWZGG is useful to improve bone quality in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. © 2012 by the authors.


Zhang B.,Shandong University | Zhang B.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Wang A.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | Xia C.,Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder and is the most common form of dementia among the aging population. Although the incidence of the disease continues to increase, no cure has been developed. Effective treatment is restricted not only due to the lack of curative medicine, but also due to limited understanding of the underlying mechanisms and the difficulties in accurately diagnosing AD in its earliest stages prior to clinical symptoms. Micro (mi) RNAs (miR) have gained increasing attention in the investigation of neurodegenerative diseases. Previous reports have demonstrated that deregulation of miR-146a-5p is associated with the pathogenesis of human AD. In the present study, the coding region of primary (pri)-miR-146a in patients with AD was scanned and the rare C allele of rs2910164 was found to be associated with AD. Using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, it was demonstrated that site variation reduced the expression of mature miR-146a-5p. Notably, a reduction in the expression of miR-146a-5p led to less efficient inhibition of target genes, including Toll-like receptor (TLR)2, which is important in the pathogenesis of AD. Biological function investigations in RAW264.7 cells indicated that, compared with the G allele, the rare C allele upregulated the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α following stimulation with β-amyloid. These findings suggested that one common polymorphism in pri-miR-146a may contribute to the genetic predisposition to AD by disrupting the production of miR-146a-5p and affecting the expression and function of TLR2.


PubMed | Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Orthopedics | Year: 2012

Congenital cervical kyphosis is a rare clinical condition. The purpose of this study was to review the surgical management and outcomes of 12 consecutive cases of congenital cervical kyphosis management by the same surgical team. The authors retrospectively analyzed the records of 12 patients (5 men and 7 women) with an average age of 18.4 years (range, 15-31 years) who underwent surgery for congenital cervical kyphosis at the authors institution between 2001 and 2005. All patients had congenital cervical kyphosis; those with secondary kyphosis deformity due to causes such as infection, tumors, and surgery were excluded. The indications for surgery were signs of spinal cord compression with progression of clinical symptoms such as decreased muscle strength and paresthesia. All patients had radiographic evidence of cervical kyphosis. Six patients underwent anterior decompression, autogenous bone grafting, and instrumentation, and the other 6 patients underwent combined anterior-posterior surgery. All surgeries were performed successfully with no complications. Bone graft fusion occurred in 11 patients. In 1 patient who underwent anterior surgery, the bone graft was partly absorbed, and pseudarthrosis was noted at 3 years postoperatively. Mean Japan Orthopaedic Association cervical myelopathy score and mean Cobb angle were significantly improved at 1 week and 1 year postoperatively compared with preoperative values. Anterior and combined anterior-posterior surgical approaches are useful for the correction of congenital cervical kyphosis. Bone graft fusion is also critical for maintaining the surgical correction. Choice of surgical methods depends on the patients clinical condition.


PubMed | Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) | Year: 2012

Many commonly consumed foods, herbs and spices contain a complex array of naturally occurring bioactive molecules called phytochemicals, which may confer health benefits. In this study, the impact of LiuWei Zhuanggu Granules (LWZGG) on mineral metabolism in osteopenia development was evaluated. Results showed that serum estrogen, bone gla protein (BGP), and calcitonin (CT) levels, bone Ca, Zn and Cu levels, femur, lumbar vertebrae and trabecular bone density, tibia maximum stress and maximum bending strength were increased, and serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), serum and urine Ca, Zn and Cu levels were decreased in rat bone. It can be concluded that LWZGG is useful to improve bone quality in ovariectomized (OVX) rats.


PubMed | Shanghai Fengxian Central Hospital and Shandong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecular medicine reports | Year: 2015

Alzheimers disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder and is the most common form of dementia among the aging population. Although the incidence of the disease continues to increase, no cure has been developed. Effective treatment is restricted not only due to the lack of curative medicine, but also due to limited understanding of the underlying mechanisms and the difficulties in accurately diagnosing AD in its earliest stages prior to clinical symptoms. Micro (mi) RNAs (miR) have gained increasing attention in the investigation of neurodegenerative diseases. Previous reports have demonstrated that deregulation of miR146a5p is associated with the pathogenesis of human AD. In the present study, the coding region of primary (pri)miR146a in patients with AD was scanned and the rare C allele of rs2910164 was found to be associated with AD. Using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, it was demonstrated that site variation reduced the expression of mature miR146a5p. Notably, a reduction in the expression of miR146a5p led to less efficient inhibition of target genes, including Tolllike receptor (TLR)2, which is important in the pathogenesis of AD. Biological function investigations in RAW264.7 cells indicated that, compared with the G allele, the rare C allele upregulated the expression of tumor necrosis factor following stimulation with amyloid. These findings suggested that one common polymorphism in primiR146a may contribute to the genetic predisposition to AD by disrupting the production of miR146a5p and affecting the expression and function of TLR2.

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