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Wang X.-Y.,East China Normal University | Liu Y.-H.,East China Normal University | Wang F.,East China Normal University | Huang C.-Y.,Shanghai Environment Logistics Co. | And 2 more authors.
Huanjing Kexue/Environmental Science | Year: 2014

The generation and variation of the secondary pollutants in containers during seasons of a year were investigated in a municipal refuse transfer station of Shanghai. The results showed that the primary odors, the concentration of H2S was in a range of 0.3-10.3 mg·m-3, CH4 was in a range of 0.02%-2.97% and NH3 was in a range of 0.7-4.5 mg·m-3, and their concentrations all reached the peak in the summer. The pH of the leachate was in a range of 5.4-6.3, COD was 41633-84060 mg·L-1, and BOD5 was 18 116-34130 mg·L-1, the concentration of pollutants were all higher in winter than that in summer. The ammonia concentration of leachate was in a range of 537-1222 mg·L-1, while the TP fluctuated acutely in a range of 17.98-296 mg·L-1, exhibiting the relationship with seasonal variation. Extreme temperatures especially the high temperature in summer significantly affected air pollution producing, which indicated that containers should be kept against high temperature exposure and long residence time in order to prevent flammable gases and other pollutants generated largely.

Wang X.,East China Normal University | Xie B.,East China Normal University | Wu D.,East China Normal University | Hassan M.,East China Normal University | Huang C.,Shanghai Environment Logistics Co.
Waste Management | Year: 2015

The generation and seasonal variations of secondary pollutants were investigated during three municipal solid waste (MSW) compression and transfer in Shanghai, China. The results showed that the raw wastewater generated from three MSW transfer stations had pH of 4.2-6.0, COD 40,000-70,000mg/L, BOD5 15,000-25,000mg/L, ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) 400-700mg/L, total nitrogen (TN) 600-1500mg/L, total phosphorus (TP) 50-200mg/L and suspended solids (SS) 1000-80,000mg/L. The pH, COD, BOD5 and NH3-N did not show regular change throughout the year while the concentration of TN, TP and SS were higher in summer and autumn. The animal and vegetable oil content was extremely high. The average produced raw wastewater of three transfer stations ranged from 2.3% to 8.4% of total refuse. The major air pollutants of H2S 0.01-0.17mg/m3, NH3 0.75-1.8mg/m3 in transfer stations, however, the regular seasonal change was not discovered. During the transfer process, the generated leachate in container had pH of 5.7-6.4, SS of 9120-32,475mg/L. The COD and BOD5 were 41,633-89,060mg/L and 18,116-34,130mg/L respectively, higher than that in the compress process. The concentration of NH3-N and TP were 587-1422mg/L and 80-216mg/L, respectively, and both increased during transfer process. H2S, VOC, CH4 and NH3 were 0.4-4mg/m3, 7-19mg/m3, 0-3.4% and 1-4mg/m3, respectively. The PCA analysis showed that the production of secondary pollutants is closely related to temperature, especially CH4. Therefore, avoiding high temperature is a key means of reducing the production of gaseous pollutants. And above all else, refuse classification in source, deodorization and anti-acid corrosion are the important processes to control the secondary pollutants during compression and transfer of MSW. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

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