Shanghai Engineering Center for Molecular Medicine

Shanghai, China

Shanghai Engineering Center for Molecular Medicine

Shanghai, China
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Tao K.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Tao K.,Shanghai University | Yang J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Guo Z.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 8 more authors.
American Journal of Translational Research | Year: 2014

Increasing evidence has demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in colon cancer initiation and progression, and may serve as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for colon cancer. Here, we investigated the levels of miR-9-1, miR-203-3p, miR-221-3p, miR-342-3p, miR-491-5p and miR-503-5p in 90 pairs of colon cancer and adjacent normal tissues, and explored the relationship between their expression and clinical outcome of colon cancer. Five miRNAs (miR-203-3p, miR-221-3p, miR-342-3p, miR-491-5p and miR-503-5p) were dysregulated in colon cancer tissue (P < 0.05). The levels of miR-503-5p in larger tumors (≥ 6 cm) were higher than those in smaller ones (< 6 cm) (P = 0.031), while the levels of miR-203-3p and miR-491-5p in patients aged 70 years and older were higher than those in patients aged younger than 70 years (P = 0.019 and 0.049, respectively). The high levels of miR-221-3p (HR = 2.416, 95% CI 1.314-4.445, P = 0.005), miR-342-3p (HR = 1.807, 95% CI 1.003-3.253, P = 0.049) and miR-491-5p (HR = 1.868, 95% CI 1.032-3.384, P = 0.039) were significantly associated with worse survival time. Moreover, combination analysis of miR-221-3p, miR-342-3p and miR-491-5p expression revealed that patients with 3 highly expressed miRNAs had lower survival rates compared with those with zero-to-two highly expressed miRNAs (HR = 2.100, 95% CI 1.157-3.813, P = 0.015), especially those with TNM stages I and II (HR = 4.204, 95% CI 1.762-10.030, P = 0.001). Our results suggest that the three-miRNA signature may help doctors better predict prognosis and guide treatment decisions for colon cancer.


PubMed | Shanghai JiaoTong University, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Peking University, U.S. National Cancer Institute and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncogene | Year: 2016

Nude mice are important in vivo model for characterization of cell malignancy behavior; however, many cancer cells fail to form tumors in it. Understanding this defective mechanism may provide novel insights into tumorigenesis and how tumor cells escape innate immunity. Whole-genome sequencing was conducted on two gastric cancer (GC) cells, BGC823 and AGS, which do and do not form tumors in nude mice, to identify their genomic differences relevant to natural killer (NK) cells. We found that the tumorigenic capacity of human GC cell lines was dependent on the recruitment and activation of NK cells in xenograft tumors. We used whole-genome sequence (WGS) on GC cell lines to identify potential genes controlling susceptibility to NK-mediated killing. The tumorigenic cell line BGC823 expressed high levels of HLA-I because of copy gain and was resistant to NK cell killing. In contrast, another cell line AGS expressing low levels of HLA-I with activated NKp30/MAPK/IL-12 (interleukin-12) or IL-2 (interleukin-2) pathway was susceptible to NK lysis. Treatment of tumor bearing mice with systemic administration of IL-12 in combination with intratumor injection of anti-HLA-I antibody significantly increased NK cell recruitment into xenograft tumors, which became sensitive to NK killing, resulting in reduced tumor progression. In human GC specimens, decreased HLA-I expression and increased NK cells surrounding tumor cells were correlated with decreased metastasis potential and better prognosis of patients. Our results provide a mechanistic basis for GC cells to escape NK lysis and a promising prospect of NK immunotherapy for GC cells.


Yu H.,Taizhou Peoples Hospital | Duan B.,Tongji University | Jiang L.,Taizhou Peoples Hospital | Lin M.,Taizhou Peoples Hospital | And 6 more authors.
American Journal of Translational Research | Year: 2014

MicroRNA-200c (miR-200c) influences sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiotherapy in vitro. This study was designed to investigate the prognostic potential of serum miR-200c in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cancer (ESCC). The serum levels of miR-200c was assayed by quantitative RT-PCR in 157 healthy subjects and 157 patients with advanced ESCC who were treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. The serum levels of miR-200c in advanced ESCC patients was significantly increased compared with those in controls (P < 0.001). Serum miR-200c expression was significantly associated with TNM stage (P = 0.037) and treatment response (P = 0.021). Patients with high expression of serum miR-200c had a higher risk for death than those with low expression of serum miR-200c (adjusted hazard ratios = 1.665, 95% confidence intervals: 1.135-2.443, P = 0.009). In conclusion, serum miR-200c may serve as predictor of survival for advanced ESCC and provide information for personalized therapy in advanced ESCC.


PubMed | Yangzhou University, Shanghai Engineering Center for Molecular Medicine, Taizhou Peoples Hospital and Shanghai JiaoTong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology | Year: 2016

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in diverse biological processes such as tumorigenesis and metastasis. Taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is a cancer-related lncRNA that is associated with chromatin-modifying complexes and plays an important role in gene regulation. In this study, we determined the expression patterns of TUG1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and evaluated its clinical significance.The expression level of TUG1 was examined in 218 pairs of ESCC and adjacent non-cancerous tissues by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The relationship between TUG1 expression and clinical features and prognosis was statistically analyzed.The expression level of TUG1 was significantly upregulated in ESCC tissues compared with paired adjacent normal tissues. High TUG1 expression was significantly correlated with chemotherapy resistance. Survival analysis showed that patients with high TUG1 expression had poor prognosis, especially for cases with well and moderate differentiation, ulcerative type, smaller size, and chemotherapy-sensitive tumors.Our findings suggest that elevated TUG1 expression is related to chemotherapy resistance and may help predict a poor prognostic outcome of ESCC. TUG1 may provide a potential therapeutic target for ESCC.


Xu H.,Taizhou Peoples Hospital | Yu H.,Taizhou Peoples Hospital | Zhang X.,National Engineering Center for Biochip at Shanghai | Shen X.,National Engineering Center for Biochip at Shanghai | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2013

Autophagy is a fundamental cell biological process that confers stress tolerance, limits damage, and sustains viability under adverse conditions. Defective autophagy is associated with diverse diseases. The study aimed to investigate the relationship between UNC51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) expression and clinicopathological characteristics as well as survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Expression levels of ULK1 in 55 paired HCC and paracancerous tissues were examined using immunohistochemistry. Although not statistically significant, the expression of ULK1 in adjacent peritumoural tissue was lower than those in HCC tissues (P = 0.113). Expression level of ULK1 was significantly associated with tumor size (P = 0.015) after adjusted for age, sex, histologic grade, cirrhosis and TNM. Survival analysis showed that patients with high ULK1 expression had worse survival time than those with low ULK1 expression (hazard rate = 2.684, 95% CI 1.029-7.006, P = 0.044). The findings of the present study provide evidence that ULK1 represents a potential novel prognostic biomarker for HCC patients and may play an important role during the progression of HCC.


PubMed | Shanghai Engineering Center for Molecular Medicine, Institute of CMC Biobank and Translational Medicine Taizhou and Tongji University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2014

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is an aggressive and devastating disease with a dismal prognosis. The study aimed to investigate the role of HSP90 and PDIA3 in patients with PC. Immunohistochemistry was performed on tissue microarrays containing 186 pairs of PC and normal pancreatic tissues to assess the expression levels of HSP90 and PDIA3. The expression levels of cytoplasmic HSP90 (P = 0.032) and PDIA3 (P = 0.043) in PCs were significantly higher than those in normal pancreas tissues, but nuclear HSP90 showed lower expression in PC tissues (P = 0.002). In addition, cytoplasmic expression of HSP90 and PDIA3 was significantly associated with perineural invasion (PNI) (P = 0.004) and sex (P = 0.014), respectively. These results indicate that cytoplasmic HSP90 may serve as a biomarker for PNI in PCs.


He C.,Tongji University | Jiang H.,Tongji University | Geng S.,Tongji University | Sheng H.,Shanghai Engineering Center for Molecular Medicine | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

The identification of molecular prognostic markers for pancreatic cancer patients could provide insightful information for their management in the clinic. The aim of the study is to investigate whether or not the expressions of c-Myc and Fas (CD95/APO1) have prognostic relevance for overall survival (OS) in patients with pancreatic cancer. we used immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays containing 162 pancreatic cancer specimens to assess the protein expression levels of c-Myc and Fas. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that high level of c-Myc cytoplasmic expression was significantly correlated with worse survival in patients with pancreatic cancer (P = 0.012), while high level of Fas cytoplasmic expression was significantly associated with better outcome of pancreatic cancer (P = 0.046). However, multivariate Cox model analysis showed that tumor differentiation, lymph node status and c-Myc cytoplasmic expression were significant independent prognostic factors for OS (P < 0.001, P = 0.023, P = 0.001, respectively). On the contrary, Fas cytoplasmic expression did not independently influence patient's prognosis (P = 0.249). Our data suggested that high level of c-Myc cytoplasmic expression may be considered as a valuable marker for prognosis of pancreatic cancer.


Liu X.,Yangzhou University | Duan B.,Tongji University | Dong Y.,Jilin Agricultural University | He C.,Tongji University | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the regulation of gene expression and are involved in almost biological procession. Recently, miR-139-5p has been reported to be downregulated in some types of cancer, and inhibits cancer cell invasion and metastasis. However, there are few reports on the role of miR-139-3p in cancer. In this study, we examined the expression level of miR-139-3p in 63 pairs of colon cancer and adjacent paracancerous tissues using quantitative reverse transcription PCR. The levels of miR-139-3p in colon cancer tissues were significantly lower than those in adjacent noncancerous tissues. There was an inverse correlation between the level of miR-139-3p and patient's age. Lower level of miR-139-3p was significantly associated with poor overall survival, especially in patients with TNM stages I and II. In conclusion, miR-139-3p has potential as a prognostic biomarker for colon cancer. Further prospective studies are required to validate this result.


PubMed | Shanghai Engineering Center for Molecular Medicine and Tongji University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of cancer research | Year: 2014

Wnt signaling pathway plays an important role in physiological and pathological process, including in the occurrence and development of tumor. The purpose of this study is to determine whether Wnt2 and sFRP4, key molecules of signaling pathway, are of prognostic value for survival in patients with pancreatic cancer. We performed immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays containing 90 pancreatic cancer specimens to evaluate the protein expression of Wnt2 and sFRP4. Our results showed that the cytoplasmic expression level of Wnt2 in pancreatic cancer tissues was significantly associated with LNM (P=0.029) and AJCC stage (P=0.008). Additionally, Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that high Wnt2 expression was significantly correlated with poor clinical outcomes of patients with pancreatic cancer. In conclusion, Wnt2 may play an important role in the development of pancreatic cancer through activation of the Wnt pathways and serve as a potential candidate for treatment target of pancreatic cancer.


PubMed | Shanghai Engineering Center for Molecular Medicine and Tongji University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2014

The identification of molecular prognostic markers for pancreatic cancer patients could provide insightful information for their management in the clinic. The aim of the study is to investigate whether or not the expressions of c-Myc and Fas (CD95/APO1) have prognostic relevance for overall survival (OS) in patients with pancreatic cancer. we used immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays containing 162 pancreatic cancer specimens to assess the protein expression levels of c-Myc and Fas. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that high level of c-Myc cytoplasmic expression was significantly correlated with worse survival in patients with pancreatic cancer (P = 0.012), while high level of Fas cytoplasmic expression was significantly associated with better outcome of pancreatic cancer (P = 0.046). However, multivariate Cox model analysis showed that tumor differentiation, lymph node status and c-Myc cytoplasmic expression were significant independent prognostic factors for OS (P < 0.001, P = 0.023, P = 0.001, respectively). On the contrary, Fas cytoplasmic expression did not independently influence patients prognosis (P = 0.249). Our data suggested that high level of c-Myc cytoplasmic expression may be considered as a valuable marker for prognosis of pancreatic cancer.

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