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Shanghai, China

Tian Z.,Huazhong Agricultural University | He Q.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Wang H.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Liu Y.,Huazhong Agricultural University | And 4 more authors.
Plant and Cell Physiology | Year: 2015

Ethylene response factors (ERFs) are unique to the plant kingdom and play crucial roles in plant response to various biotic and abiotic stresses. We show here that a potato StERF3, which contains an ERF-associated amphiphilic repression (EAR) motif in its C-terminal region, negatively regulates resistance to Phytophthora infestans and salt tolerance in potato. The StERF3 promoter responds to induction by salicylic acid, ABA ethylene and NaCl, as well as P. infestans, the causal agent of potato late blight disease. StERF3 could bind to the GCC box element of the HIS3 promoter and activate transcription of HIS3 in yeast cells. Importantly, silencing of StERF3 in potato produced an enhanced foliage resistance to P. infestans and elevated plant tolerance to NaCl stress accompanied by the activation of defense-related genes (PR1, NPR1 and WRKY1). In contrast, StERF3-overexpressing plants showed reduced expression of these defense-related genes and enhanced susceptibility to P. infestans, suggesting that StERF3 functions as a negative regulator of downstream defense- and/or stress-related genes in potato. StERF3 is localized to the nucleus. Interestingly, yeast two-hybrid assay and a bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) test clarified that StERF3 could interact with other proteins in the cytoplasm which may lead to its re-localization between the nucleus and cytoplasm, revealing a novel means of StERF3 regulation. Taken together, these data provide new insights into the mechanism underlying how StERF3 negatively regulates late blight resistance and abiotic tolerance in potato and may have a potential use in engineering late blight resistance in potato. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists. Source

Wang D.-M.,Northwest University, China | Pu W.-J.,Northwest University, China | Wang Y.-H.,Shanghai Chempartner Co. | Zhang Y.-J.,Northwest University, China | Wang S.-S.,Northwest University, China
Molecules | Year: 2012

A new flavonol glycoside together with five known phenolic compounds were isolated from the whole herb of Callianthemum taipaicum. The compounds were identified as isorhamnetin-3-O-α-L-arabinoside-7-O-β-D-glucoside (1), isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside (2), dibutyl phthalate (3), (+)-1-hydroxylpinoresinol-4'-β-D-glucoside (4), pinoresinol-4'-O-β-D- glucoside (5) and 2-phenylethyl-β-primeveroside (6). Compound 1 was identified as a new flavonol glycoside. The compound 6 was isolated for the first time as natural product. All compounds were isolated for the first time from the Callianthemum genus. Furthermore, the 2D-NMR data of the four known compounds 2-5 are given for the first time in this paper. All the structures were identified on the basis of detailed spectral analysis. The compounds 1 and 4 exhibited certain antifungal activity. © 2012 by the authors. Source

Zhang X.,Shanghai Chempartner Co. | Dwivedi C.,South Dakota State University
Frontiers in Bioscience - Scholar | Year: 2011

Alpha-santalol, a naturally occurring terpenoid, has been shown to have chemopreventive effects on both 7, 12- dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-initiated and 12-Otetradecanoylphorbol- 13-acetate (TPA)-promoted skin cancer development in CD-1 and SENCAR mice, and UVB-induced skin cancer developments in SKH-1 hairless mice in a concentration-dependent manner. Studies have demonstrated that α-santalol could be effective against skin carcinogenesis through both induction of apoptosis via caspase activation together with dissipation of mitochondria membrane potential and cytochrome c release in A431 cells, and inhibition of cell growth via induction of G2/M phase arrest in both A431 cells and melanoma UACC-62 cells by altering multiple cell cycle regulatory proteins and complexes. This review summarizes the chemopreventive effects and molecular mechanisms of α- santalol on skin cancer development in both animal models and skin cancer cell lines. Source

Hudson S.A.,University of Cambridge | McLean K.J.,University of Manchester | Surade S.,University of Cambridge | Yang Y.-Q.,University of Cambridge | And 5 more authors.
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2012

Pieces of the puzzle: The first fragment-based approach was used to target cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) for drug development (see scheme). The experiments provide new insights into the binding site of the essential Mycobacterium tuberculosis CYP121 enzyme, and resulted in a promising novel lead compound based on fragment merging. © 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

Chen Y.,Shanghai University | Shi M.,Shanghai University | Yu G.-Z.,Shanghai University | Qin X.-R.,Shanghai Chempartner Co. | And 3 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2012

AIM: To investigate the value of interleukin-8 (IL-8), a pro-inflammatory chemokine, in predicting the prognosis of pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Expression of IL-8 and its receptor CXCR1 was assessed by immunohistochemistry in pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis samples. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the serum IL-8 levels in pancreatic cancer patients. Human pancreatic cancer tissues were heterotopically transplanted to the immune-deficiency mice to evaluate the effect of serum IL-8 on the tumorigenesis of the cancer samples. RESULTS: IL-8 and CXCR1 proteins were both overexpressed in pancreatic adenocarcinoma samples (55.6% and 65.4%, respectively) compared with the matched para-cancer tissues (25.9% and 12.3%, P < 0.01), or chronic pancreatitis (0% and 25%, P < 0.05). Serum IL-8 levels in pancreatic cancer patients (271.1 ± 187.7 ng/mL) were higher than in other digestive system tumors, such as gastric cancer (41.77 ± 9.11 ng/mL, P = 0.025), colorectal carcinoma (78.72 ± 80.60 ng/mL, P = 0.032) and hepatocellular carcinoma (59.60 ± 19.80 ng/mL, P = 0.016). In vivo tumorigenesis analysis further proved that tumor tissues from patients with higher serum IL-8 levels grew faster than those with lower IL-8 levels. CONCLUSION: IL-8 can be a fine serum marker for predicting the prognosis pancreatic cancer. © 2012 Baishideng. All rights reserved. Source

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