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Zhang X.,Fudan University | Zhang Z.,Fudan University | Dai F.,Fudan University | Shi B.,Fudan University | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Circulating microRNAs have been widely recognized as a novel category of biomarker in a variety of physiological and pathological conditions. Other reports revealed that fragments of organ specific messenger RNAs are also detectable in serum/plasma and can be utilized as sensitive indicators of liver pathology and cancer. In order to assess the sensitivity and reliability of these two class of RNAs as marker of hepatitis B or C induced chronic liver disease, we collected plasma samples from 156 chronic hepatitis B or C patients (HBV active n = 112, HBV carrier n = 19, hepatitis C n = 25) and 22 healthy donors and quantified their circulating mRNA for albumin, HP (haptoglobin), CYP2E1 (cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily E) and ApoA2 (Apolipoprotein A2) in conjunction with microRNA-122, a well established marker for acute and chronic liver injury. We found that plasma microRNA-122 level is significantly elevated in patients with active HBV but not in HBV carriers. Furthermore, microRNA-122 is not elevated in HCV patients even though their median serum alanine aminotransferase (sALT) was three fold of the healthy donors. Nevertheless, circulating mRNAs, especially albumin mRNA, showed much more sensitivity in distinguishing active hepatitis B, hepatitis B carrier or HCV patientsfrom healthy control. Correlation and multiple linear regression analysis suggested that circulating mRNAs and miRNAs are much more related to HBsAg titre than to sALT. Immunoprecipitation of HBsAg in HBV patients' plasma resulted in enrichment of albumin and HP mRNA suggesting that fragments of liver specific transcripts can be encapsidated into HBsAg particles. Taken together, our results suggest that hepatocyte specific transcripts in plasma like albumin mRNA showed greater sensitivity and specificity in differentiating HBV or HCV induced chronic liver disease than microRNA-122. Circulating mRNA fragments merit more attention in the quest of next generation biomarkers for various maladies. Copyright: © 2014 Zhang et al. Source

Wang G.,Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center | Shen Z.,Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center | Qian F.,Shanghai Changning Center Hospital | Li Y.,Shanghai Dongfang Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Virology | Year: 2014

Background: Sapovirus has been accepted as a major cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. It can affect all age groups, ranging from young adults to the elderly, while little is known about the epidemiological patterns and genetic characteristics of sapovirus infections in China. Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of sapovirus infections among adult outpatients suffering from acute gastroenteritis in Shanghai, China. Study design: From April 2011 to March 2013, fecal specimens from 1125 adult outpatients (≥16 years of age) with acute gastroenteritis were collected. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was employed for detection of sapovirus, and 5' end of capsid gene were sequenced for genotyping and phylogenetic analysis. Results: The overall occurrence of sapovirus infection in adult outpatients was 3.73% (42 in 1125) through the two-year surveillance period, and sapovirus diarrhea is more common in spring and winter. The highest sapovirus positive rate was observed in adults of ≥56 years old, and statistically significant relationship was observed when compared with other age groups (p<. 0.05). Only three genotypes were detected, whereas GI.2 was proved to be the predominant strain, occupying 78.57% (33 in 42) of all strains, followed by GIV, GI.1 and GII.3. Conclusions: Sapovirus was commonly found in adults with acute gastroenteritis in Shanghai, China, while no specific seasonal variation of sapovirus diarrhea could be distinguished. GI.2 strains established themselves in a short time span as the predominant genotype in Shanghai, China. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Li C.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Bai Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Liu H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zuo X.,Shanghai Changning Center Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica | Year: 2013

Keloids are tumor-like skin scars that grow as a result of the aberrant healing of skin injuries, with no effective treatment. The molecular mechanism underlying keloid pathogenesis is still largely unknown. In this study, we compared microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles between keloid-derived fibroblasts and normal fibroblasts (including fetal and adult dermal fibroblasts) by miRNA microarray analysis. We found that the miRNA profiles in keloid-derived fibroblasts are different with those in normal fibroblasts. Nine miRNAs were differentially expressed, six of which were significantly up-regulated in keloid fibroblasts (KFs), including miR-152, miR-23b-3p, miR-31-5p, miR-320c, miR-30a-5p, and hsv1-miR-H7, and three of which were significantly down-regulated, including miR-4328, miR-145-5p, and miR-143-3p. Functional annotations of differentially expressed miRNA targets revealed that they were enriched in several signaling pathways important for scar wound healing. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the miRNA expression profile is altered in KFs compared with in fetal and adult dermal fibroblasts, and the expression profile may provide a useful clue for exploring the pathogenesis of keloids. miRNAs might partially contribute to the etiology of keloids by affecting several signaling pathways relevant to scar wound healing. © 2013 The Author. Source

Wang Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Wang Y.,Fudan University | Wen Z.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Shen J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2014

Semiconductor high-throughput sequencing, represented by Ion Torrent PGM/Proton, proves to be feasible in the noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of fetal aneuploidies. It is commendable that, with less data and relevant cost also, an accurate result can be achieved owing to the high sensitivity and specificity of such kind of technology. We conducted a comparative analysis of the performance of four different Ion chips in detecting fetal chromosomal aneuploidies. Eight maternal plasma DNA samples, including four pregnancies with normal fetuses and four with trisomy 21 fetuses, were sequenced on Ion Torrent 314/316/318/PI chips, respectively. Results such as read mapped ratio, correlation coefficient and phred quality score were calculated and parallelly compared. All samples were correctly classified even with low-throughput chip, and, among the four chips, the 316 chip had the highest read mapped ratio, correlation coefficient, mean read length and phred quality score. All chips were well consistent with each other. Our results showed that all Ion chips are applicable in noninvasive prenatal fetal aneuploidy diagnosis. We recommend researchers or clinicians to use the appropriate chip with barcoding technology on the basis of the sample number. © 2014 The Japan Society of Human Genetics. Source

Zhang Y.,Shanghai Changning Center Hospital | Wang J.-H.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Liu B.,CAS Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica | Qu P.-B.,Shanghai Changning Center Hospital
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013

The three homologous members of the p160 SRC family (SRC-1, SRC-2 and SRC-3) mediate the transcriptional functions of nuclear receptors and other transcription factors, and are the most studied of all the transcriptional co-activators. Recent work has indicated that the SRC-3 gene is subject to amplification and overexpression in various human cancers. Some of the molecular mechanisms responsible for SRC overexpression, along with the mechanisms by which SRC-3 promotes breast and prostate cancer cell proliferation and survival, have been identified. However, the function of SRC-3 in bladder cancer remains poorly understood. In the present study, our results indicate that overexpression of SRC-3 promotes bladder cancer cell proliferation whereas knockdown of SRC-3 results in inhibition. At the molecular level, we further established that CXCR4 is a transcriptional target of SRC-3. Therefore, our study first identified that SRC-3 plays a critical role in the bladder cancer, which may be a target beneficial for its prevention and treatment. Source

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