Yao Z.,Shenyang University |
Yao Z.,Liaoning Medical University |
Yu H.,ZhongXin Biotechnology Shanghai Co. |
Xuan D.,Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences |
And 3 more authors.
Current Eye Research | Year: 2010
Purpose: To investigate proteomic profiles of normal human lenses and their key proteins in proteinprotein interactions (PPIs). Materials and Methods: Water-soluble and water-insoluble proteins extracted from human lenses were first separated by one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel, and then in-gel digested with trypsin into peptides eluted by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The eluted peptides were analyzed by linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The raw data was filtered by TurboSEQUEST algorithm. The reverse database was used for peptide false-positive rate estimation. A network chart was constructed by the identified lens PPIs in accordance with interaction database systems. Results: From normal human lenses 339 proteins in total were identified, including many formerly unidentified low-abundance proteins. Key proteins we recognized included plectin, actin, spectrin (α, β), vimentin, 14-3-3 protein (β/α, ζ/δ, ε, γ, η), TSC2, guanine nucleotide-releasing protein, laminin γ, mitogen-activated protein kinase, α-A- crystallin, heat-shock protein (α, β), glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and collagen IV α. Conclusions: Key proteins of normal human lenses were studied by constructing a network chart of the identified lens PPIs. The results suggest that linear ion trap MS/MS is an effective tool for detecting low-abundance proteins of human lenses. This study provides valuable data for further proteomic research of the human lens development and lens diseases. © 2010 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Wu L.,Henan Agricultural University |
Wu L.,Key Laboratory of Physiological Ecology and Genetic Improvement of Food Crops in Henan Province |
Wang S.,Henan Agricultural University |
Wang S.,Key Laboratory of Physiological Ecology and Genetic Improvement of Food Crops in Henan Province |
And 9 more authors.
Amino Acids | Year: 2015
Protein phosphorylation plays a pivotal role in the regulation of many cellular events. No information is yet available, however, on protein phosphorylation in plants in response to virus infection. In this study, we characterized phosphoproteomes of resistant and susceptible genotypes of maize (Zea mays L.) in response to Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) infection. Based on isotope tags for relative and absolute quantification technology, TiO2 enrichment method and LC-MS/MS analysis, we identified 65 and 59 phosphoproteins respectively, whose phosphorylation level regulated significantly in susceptible and resistant plants. Some identified phosphoproteins were shared by both genotypes, suggesting a partial overlapping of the responsive pathways to virus infection. While several phosphoproteins are well-known pathogen response phosphoproteins, virus infection differentially regulates most other phosphoproteins, which has not been reported in literature. Changes in protein phosphorylation status indicated that response to SCMV infection encompass a reformatting of major cellular processes. Our data provide new valuable insights into plant-virus interactions. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Wien.
Chen Z.,Guizhou University |
Zeng M.,South China University of Technology |
Song B.,Guizhou University |
Hou C.,Shanghai Applied Protein Technology Co. |
And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
Background: Dufulin is a new antiviral agent that is highly effective against plant viruses and acts by activating systemic acquired resistance (SAR) in plants. In recent years, it has been used widely to prevent and control tobacco and rice viral diseases in China. However, its targets and mechanism of action are still poorly understood. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here, differential in-gel electrophoresis (DIGE) and classical two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) techniques were combined with mass spectrometry (MS) to identify the target of Dufulin. More than 40 proteins were found to be differentially expressed (≥1.5 fold or ≤1.5 fold) upon Dufulin treatment in Nicotiana tabacum K326. Based on annotations in the Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases, these proteins were found to be related to disease resistance. Directed acyclic graph (DAG) analysis of the various pathways demonstrated harpin binding protein-1 (HrBP1) as the target of action of Dufulin. Additionally, western blotting, semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and real time PCR analyses were also conducted to identify the specific mechanism of action of Dufulin. Our results show that activation of HrBP1 triggers the salicylic acid (SA) signaling pathway and thereby produces antiviral responses in the plant host. A protective assay based on lesion counting further confirmed the antiviral activity of Dufulin. Conclusion: This study identified HrBP1 as a target protein of Dufulin and that Dufulin can activate the SA signaling pathway to induce host plants to generate antiviral responses. © 2012 Chen et al.
PubMed | University of Tübingen, CAS Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences and Shanghai Applied Protein Technology Co.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2014
The aconitase AcnA from the phosphinothricin tripeptide producing strain Streptomyces viridochromogenes T494 is a bifunctional protein: under iron-sufficiency conditions AcnA functions as an enzyme of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, whereas under iron depletion it is a regulator of iron metabolism and oxidative stress response. As a member of the family of iron regulatory proteins (IRP), AcnA binds to characteristic iron responsive element (IRE) binding motifs and post-transcriptionally controls the expression of respective target genes. A S. viridochromogenes aconitase mutant (MacnA) has previously been shown to be highly sensitive to oxidative stress. In the present paper, we performed a comparative proteomic approach with the S. viridochromogenes wild-type and the MacnA mutant strain under oxidative stress conditions to identify proteins that are under control of the AcnA-mediated regulation. We identified up to 90 differentially expressed proteins in both strains. In silico analysis of the corresponding gene sequences revealed the presence of IRE motifs on some of the respective target mRNAs. From this proteome study we have in vivo evidences for a direct AcnA-mediated regulation upon oxidative stress.
Wang H.,Tongji University |
Feng L.,Tongji University |
Hu J.,Shanghai Applied Protein Technology Ltd Company |
Xie C.,Tongji University |
Wang F.,Tongji University
Experimental Eye Research | Year: 2013
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is a serious microangiopathic complication of diabetes mellitus and a major cause of blindness in working-age adults. Diabetes-induced alterations in the vitreous protein composition in diabetic patients with PDR may be responsible for the presence of PDR. Therefore, we performed a comprehensive proteomic analysis and compared the protein profiles of vitreous humor from type 2 diabetic patients with PDR (n = 8) and that from normal human eyes donated for corneal transplant (n = 8). Using reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) coupled to electrospray Ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS), we identified 96 significant differentially expressed proteins (abundance ratio > 1.5, p < 0.05), including 37 and 59 proteins up- and downregulated in PDR vitreous compared with the control, respectively. Biological pathway analysis revealed 44 proteins involved in 56 biological pathways; among them, the most remarkable pathways differentially represented between PDR and normal vitreous were the glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, complement and coagulation cascades, gap junction, and phagosome pathways. The differential expressions of angiopoietin-related protein 6, apolipoprotein A-I, estrogen receptor alpha, and tubulin were confirmed by western blot analysis. These data provide insight into the molecular events possibly involved in the pathogenesis of PDR and widen the scope of potential avenues for new therapies for PDR. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Michta E.,University of Tübingen |
Ding W.,Shanghai Applied Protein Technology Co. |
Zhu S.,Shanghai Applied Protein Technology Co. |
Blin K.,University of Tübingen |
And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014
The aconitase AcnA from the phosphinothricin tripeptide producing strain Streptomyces viridochromogenes Tü494 is a bifunctional protein: under iron-sufficiency conditions AcnA functions as an enzyme of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, whereas under iron depletion it is a regulator of iron metabolism and oxidative stress response. As a member of the family of iron regulatory proteins (IRP), AcnA binds to characteristic iron responsive element (IRE) binding motifs and posttranscriptionally controls the expression of respective target genes. A S. viridochromogenes aconitase mutant (MacnA) has previously been shown to be highly sensitive to oxidative stress. In the present paper, we performed a comparative proteomic approach with the S. viridochromogenes wild-type and the MacnA mutant strain under oxidative stress conditions to identify proteins that are under control of the AcnA-mediated regulation. We identified up to 90 differentially expressed proteins in both strains. In silico analysis of the corresponding gene sequences revealed the presence of IRE motifs on some of the respective target mRNAs. From this proteome study we have in vivo evidences for a direct AcnA-mediated regulation upon oxidative stress. © 2014 Michta et al.
Wang H.,Tongji University |
Feng L.,Tongji University |
Hu J.W.,Shanghai Applied Protein Technology Ltd Company |
Xie C.L.,Tongji University |
Wang F.,Tongji University
Proteome Science | Year: 2012
Background: Diabetes can lead to serious microvascular complications such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), which results in severe vision loss. The diabetes-induced alterations in the vitreous protein composition in diabetic patients with PDR may be responsible for the presence of PDR. The vitreous humour can be utilised in a variety of studies aimed toward the discovery of new targets for the treatment or prevention of PDR and the identification of novel disease mechanisms. The aim of this study was to compare the protein profile of vitreous humour from diabetic patients with PDR with that of vitreous humour from normal human eyes donated for corneal transplant.Results: Vitreous humour from type 2 diabetic patients with PDR (n = 10) and from normal human eyes donated for corneal transplant (n = 10) were studied. The comparative proteomic analysis was performed using two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE). Differentially produced proteins (abundance ratio > 2 or < -2, p < 0.01) were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and MALDI-TOF tandem mass spectrometry. A total of 1242 protein spots were detected on the 2-D master gel of the samples, and 57 spots that exhibited statistically significant variations were successfully identified. The spots corresponded to peptide fragments of 29 proteins, including 8 proteins that increased and 21 proteins that decreased in PDR. Excluding the serum proteins from minor vitreous haemorrhage, 19 proteins were found to be differentially produced in PDR patients compared with normal subjects; 6 of these proteins have never been reported to be differentially expressed in PDR vitreous: N(G),N(G)-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 (DDAH 1), tubulin alpha-1B chain, gamma-enolase, cytosolic acyl coenzyme A thioester hydrolase, malate dehydrogenase and phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein 1 (PEBP 1). The differential production of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and clusterin was confirmed by Western blot analysis.Conclusions: These data provide an in-depth analysis of the human vitreous proteome and reveal protein alterations that are possibly involved in the pathogenesis of PDR. Further investigation of these special proteins may provide potential new targets for the treatment or the prevention of PDR. © 2012 Wang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Li L.,Fudan University |
Li L.,Shanghai Applied Protein Technology Co. |
Jiao J.,Fudan University |
Cai Y.,Fudan University |
And 2 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2015
The sensitive and specific detection of glycans via mass spectrometry (MS) remains a significant challenge due to their low abundance in complex biological mixtures, inherent lack of hydrophobicity, and suppression by other, more abundant biological molecules (proteins/peptides) or contaminants. A new strategy for the sensitive and selective MS analysis of glycans based on fluorous chemistry is reported. Glycan reducing ends were derivatized with a hydrophobic fluorinated carbon tag, increasing glycan ionization efficiency during MS by more than an order of magnitude. More importantly, the fluorinated carbon tag enabled efficient fluorous solid-phase extraction (FSPE) to specifically enrich the glycans from contaminated solutions and protein mixtures. Finally, we successfully analyzed the N-glycome in human serum using this new method. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
Pi E.,Hangzhou Normal University |
Qu L.,Hangzhou Normal University |
Hu J.,Shanghai Applied Protein Technology Co. |
Huang Y.,Hangzhou Normal University |
And 11 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Proteomics | Year: 2016
Understanding molecular mechanisms underlying plant salinity tolerance provides valuable knowledgebase for effective crop improvement through genetic engineering. Current proteomic technologies, which support reliable and high-throughput analyses, have been broadly used for exploring sophisticated molecular networks in plants. In the current study, we compared phosphoproteomic and proteomic changes in roots of different soybean seedlings of a salt-tolerant cultivar (Wenfeng07) and a salt-sensitive cultivar (Union85140) induced by salt stress. The root samples of Wenfeng07 and Union85140 at threetrifoliate stage were collected at 0 h, 0.5 h, 1 h, 4 h, 12 h, 24 h, and 48 h after been treated with 150 mM NaCl. LC-MS/MS based phosphoproteomic analysis of these samples identified a total of 2692 phosphoproteins and 5509 phosphorylation sites. Of these, 2344 phosphoproteins containing 3744 phosphorylation sites were quantitatively analyzed. Our results showed that 1163 phosphorylation sites were differentially phosphorylated in the two compared cultivars. Among them, 10 MYB/MYB transcription factor like proteins were identified with fluctuating phosphorylation modifications at different time points, indicating that their crucial roles in regulating flavonol accumulation might be mediated by phosphorylated modifications. In addition, the protein expression profiles of these two cultivars were compared using LC MS/MS based shotgun proteomic analysis, and expression pattern of all the 89 differentially expressed proteins were independently confirmed by qRT-PCR. Interestingly, the enzymes involved in chalcone metabolic pathway exhibited positive correlations with salt tolerance. We confirmed the functional relevance of chalcone synthase, chalcone isomerase, and cytochrome P450 monooxygenase genes using soybean composites and Arabidopsis thaliana mutants, and found that their salt tolerance were positively regulated by chalcone synthase, but was negatively regulated by chalcone isomerase and cytochrome P450 monooxygenase. A novel salt tolerance pathway involving chalcone metabolism, mostly mediated by phosphorylated MYB transcription factors, was proposed based on our findings. (The mass spectrometry raw data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD002856). © 2016 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Shi S.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences |
Chen W.,Shanghai Applied Protein Technology Co. |
Sun W.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Proteomics | Year: 2011
Many environmental stimuli, including light, biotic and abiotic stress factors, induce changes in cellular Ca 2+ concentrations in plants. Such Ca 2+ signatures are perceived by sensor molecules such as calcineurin B-like (CBL) proteins. AtCBL1, a member of the CBL family which is highly inducible by multiple stress signals, is known to function in the salt stress signal transduction pathway and to positively regulate the plant tolerance to salt. To shed light into the molecular mechanisms of the salt stress response mediated by AtCBL1, a two-dimensional DIGE proteomic approach was applied to identify the differentially expressed proteins in Arabibdopsis wild-type and cbl1 null mutant plants in response to salt stress. Seventy-three spots were found altered in expression by least 1.2-fold and 50 proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS, including some well-known and novel salt-responsive proteins. These proteins function in various processes, such as signal transduction, ROS scavenging, energy production, carbon fixation, metabolism, mRNA processing, protein processing and structural stability. Receptor for activated C kinase 1C (RACK1C, spot 715), a WD40 repeat protein, was up-regulated in the cbl1 null mutant, and two rack1c mutant lines showed decreased tolerance to salt stress, suggesting that RACK1C plays a role in salt stress resistance. In conclusion, our work demonstrated the advantages of the proteomic approach in studies of plant biology and identified candidate proteins in CBL1-mediated salt stress signaling network. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.