Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center

Shanghai, China

Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center

Shanghai, China
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Zhou J.,CAS East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Fang W.,CAS East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Zhou S.,CAS East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Hu L.,CAS East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Recurrent outbreaks of a disease in pond-cultured juvenile and subadult Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp in several districts in China remain an important problem in recent years. The disease was characterized by "white tail" and generally accompanied by mass mortalities. Based on data from the microscopical analyses, PCR detection and 16S rRNA sequencing, a new Vibrio harveyi strain (designated as strain HLB0905) was identified as the etiologic pathogen. The bacterial isolation and challenge tests demonstrated that the HLB0905 strain was nonluminescent but highly virulent. It could cause mass mortality in affected shrimp during a short time period with a low dose of infection. Meanwhile, the histopathological and electron microscopical analysis both showed that the HLB0905 strain could cause severe fiber cell damages and striated muscle necrosis by accumulating in the tail muscle of L. vannamei shrimp, which led the affected shrimp to exhibit white or opaque lesions in the tail. The typical sign was closely similar to that caused by infectious myonecrosis (IMN), white tail disease (WTD) or penaeid white tail disease (PWTD). To differentiate from such diseases as with a sign of "white tail" but of non-bacterial origin, the present disease was named as "bacterial white tail disease (BWTD)". Present study revealed that, just like IMN and WTD, BWTD could also cause mass mortalities in pond-cultured shrimp. These results suggested that some bacterial strains are changing themselves from secondary to primary pathogens by enhancing their virulence in current shrimp aquaculture system. © 2012 Zhou et al.


Wang Q.,Fudan University | Ju L.,Fudan University | Liu P.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | Zhou J.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | And 6 more authors.
Zoonoses and Public Health | Year: 2015

We report the serological evidence of low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H9N2 infection in an occupational poultry-exposed population and a general population. A serological survey of an occupational poultry-exposed population and a general population was conducted using a haemagglutinin-inhibiting (HI) assay in Shanghai, China, from January 2008 to December 2010. Evidence of higher anti-H9 antibodies was found in serum samples collected from poultry workers. During this period, 239 H9N2 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) were isolated from 9297 tracheal and cloacal paired specimens collected from the poultry in live poultry markets. In addition, a total of 733 influenza viruses were isolated from 1569 nasal and throat swabs collected from patients with influenza-like symptoms in a sentinel hospital, which include H3N2, H1N1, pandemic H1N1 and B, but no H9N2 virus was detected. These findings highlight the need for long-term surveillance of avian influenza viruses in occupational poultry-exposed workers. © 2015 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.


Lan D.L.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | Lan D.L.,Southwest University | Wang C.S.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology | Deng B.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | And 5 more authors.
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2013

West Nile virus (WNV) infection is an emerging zoonosis that threatens global public health. In this study, a total of 95 bird serum samples from 14 species and 341 horse serum samples were collected from 2008 to 2010 in Shanghai, China. All serum samples were screened initially for WNV-reactive antibodies using a competitive ELISA. The positive samples detected by ELISA were further confirmed using a plaque-reduction neutralization test (PRNT) for WNV and its most closely related flaviviruses in the area to avoid false positives due to cross-reactivity. Five (5·3%) of the bird serum samples and none (0·0%) of the horse serum samples tested positive for WNV antibodies. The findings strongly suggest that some of the birds, specifically the resident birds in China, had been exposed to WNV. © 2012 Cambridge University Press.


PubMed | Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology and Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Current microbiology | Year: 2015

Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) is a devastating disease in livestock industry. Most of the previous studies related to the PED were focused on the pathology and etiology of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). A little was known regarding the status of gut microbiota after piglets infected by PEDV. In this study, aided by metagenome sequencing technology, gut microbiota profiles in feces of viral diarrhea (VD) and viral control (VC) piglets were investigated. The results showed that the abundance of four dominant phyla (Fusobacteria, Actinobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and Proteobacteria) in feces was affected greatly by porcine epidemic diarrhea. Especially, the abundance of Fusobacteria was higher in VD piglets (36%) than in VC piglets (5%). On the contrary, the Verrucomicrobia was detected in lower distribution proportion in VD piglets (around 0%) than in VC piglets (20%). Furthermore, 25 genera were significantly different between VC and VD piglets at the genus level. Among the 25 genera, Leptotrichia belonging to Fusobacteria was remarkably lower in VC piglets than in VD piglets. Akkermansia belonging to Verrucomicrobia was higher in VC piglets than in VD piglets. Our findings implicated that the gut microbiota associated with PED significantly provided an insight into the pathology and physiology of PED.


Zhu Q.,Soochow University of China | Cai F.,Soochow University of China | Zhang J.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | Zhao K.,Soochow University of China | And 2 more authors.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2016

β-adrenergic agonists (β-agonists) recognized as a growth promoter will reflect the health of human. Sensitive detection of β-agonists in foodstuff is valuable for the health of animals and human. A novel ultrasensitive competition-type electrochemiluminescent (ECL) immunosensor was developed for detecting brombuterol (Brom) based on CdTe Quantum dot (QDs) and polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM, G2) modified graphene oxide (GO) (CdTe QDs-PAMAM-GO composite) as bioprobe for the first time. The surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was coated with AuNPs–ZnO NRs composite film as the platform, which facilitated the electronic transmission rate to enhance the ECL intensity and provide enough active sites for capturing antibody. The resulting ECL immunosensor enabled the real samples detection of Brom with a lower detection limit of 0.3 pg mL−1 (S/N=3) and a wider linear range from 0.001 to 500 ng mL−1. The proposed immunosensor coupled with the excellent advantages of CdTe QDs-PAMAM-GO and AuNPs–ZnO NRs composite displayed high sensitivity and long-term stability, and provided an approach for determining other important biomarkers. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Li Y.,Fudan University | Zhu H.,Fudan University | Wang S.,Fudan University | Qian X.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | And 6 more authors.
Theranostics | Year: 2015

Poly-amidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers are proposed to be one of the most promising drug-delivery nanomaterials. However, the toxicity of PAMAM dendrimers on the central nervous system seriously hinders their medical applications. The relationship between oxidative stress and autophagy induced by PAMAM dendrimers, and its underlying mechanism remain confusing. In this study, we reported that PAMAM dendrimers induced both reactive oxygen species and autophagy flux in neuronal cells. Interestingly, autophagy might be triggered by the formation of reactive oxygen species induced by PAMAM dendrimers. Suppression of reactive oxygen species could not only impair PAMAM dendrimers-induced autophagic effects, but also reduce PAMAM dendrimers- induced neuronal cell death. Moreover, inhibition of autophagy could protect against PAMAM dendrimers-induced neuronal cell death. These findings systematically elucidated the interplay between oxidative stress and autophagy in the neurotoxicity of PAMAM dendrimers, which might encourage the application of antioxidants and autophagy inhibitors to ameliorate the neurotoxicity of PAMAM dendrimers in clinic.


Yang D.-Q.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | Ge F.-F.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | Ju H.-B.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | Wang J.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | And 5 more authors.
Archives of Virology | Year: 2014

The complete genome sequence of a porcine epidemic diarrhea virus variant, strain SHQP/YM/2013, from China was determined and compared with those of other porcine epidemic diarrhea viruses. The full-length genome was 28,038 nucleotides (nt) in length without the poly (A) tail, and it was similar to that of other reported PEDV strains, with the characteristic gene order 5′-replicase (1a/1b) -S-ORF3-E-M-N-3′. Nucleotide sequence analysis based on individual virus genes indicated a close relationship between the S gene of SHQP/YM/2013 and those of the four Korean field strains from 2008–2009. Its ORF3 gene, however, fell into three groups. Recent prevalent Chinese PEDV field isolates were divided between group 1 and group 3, which suggests that the recent prevalent Chinese PEDV field isolates represent a new genotype that differs from the genotype that includes the vaccine strains. Based on phylogenetic analysis of the M gene, ORF3 gene and S gene, our study demonstrated that prevalent PEDV isolates in China may have originated from Korean strains. This report describes the complete genome sequence of SHQP/YM/2013, and the data will promote a better understanding of the molecular epidemiology and genetic diversity of PEDV field isolates in eastern China. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Wien.


PubMed | Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center and Soochow University of China
Type: | Journal: Biosensors & bioelectronics | Year: 2016

-adrenergic agonists (-agonists) recognized as a growth promoter will reflect the health of human. Sensitive detection of -agonists in foodstuff is valuable for the health of animals and human. A novel ultrasensitive competition-type electrochemiluminescent (ECL) immunosensor was developed for detecting brombuterol (Brom) based on CdTe Quantum dot (QDs) and polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM, G2) modified graphene oxide (GO) (CdTe QDs-PAMAM-GO composite) as bioprobe for the first time. The surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was coated with AuNPs-ZnO NRs composite film as the platform, which facilitated the electronic transmission rate to enhance the ECL intensity and provide enough active sites for capturing antibody. The resulting ECL immunosensor enabled the real samples detection of Brom with a lower detection limit of 0.3pgmL(-1) (S/N=3) and a wider linear range from 0.001 to 500ngmL(-1). The proposed immunosensor coupled with the excellent advantages of CdTe QDs-PAMAM-GO and AuNPs-ZnO NRs composite displayed high sensitivity and long-term stability, and provided an approach for determining other important biomarkers.


PubMed | Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Virus genes | Year: 2015

Five H3N2 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) were isolated from live poultry markets (LPMs) and poultry slaughterhouses in Shanghai, China in 2013. All viruses were characterized by whole-genome sequencing with subsequent genetic comparison and phylogenetic analysis. The hemagglutinin cleavage site of all viruses indicated that the five strains were low-pathogenic AIVs. Phylogenetic analysis of all eight viral genes showed that the five H3N2 viruses clustered in the Eurasian lineage of influenza viruses. The eight genes showed evidence of reassortment events between these H3 subtype viruses and other subtype viruses, especially H5 and H7 subtypes, probably in pigeons, domestic ducks, and wild birds. These findings emphasized the importance of AIV surveillance in LPMs and poultry slaughterhouses for understanding the genesis and emergence of novel reassortants with pandemic potential.


PubMed | Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of virology | Year: 2016

H9N2 influenza viruses have been circulating in China since 1994, but a systematic investigation of H9N2 in Shanghai has not previously been undertaken. Here, using 14 viruses we isolated from poultry and pigs in Shanghai during 2002 and 2006-2014, together with the commercial vaccine A/chicken/Shanghai/F/1998 (Ck/SH/F/98), we analyzed the evolution of H9N2 influenza viruses in Shanghai and showed that all 14 isolates originated from Ck/SH/F/98 antigenically. We evaluated the immune protection efficiency of the vaccine. Our findings demonstrate that H9N2 viruses in Shanghai have undergone extensive reassortment. Various genotypes emerged in 2002, 2006 and 2007, while during 2009-2014 only one genotype was found. Four antigenic groups, A-D, could be identified among the 14 isolates and a variety of antigenically distinct H9N2-virus-derived avian influenza viruses (AIVs) circulated simultaneously in Shanghai during this period. Challenge experiments using vaccinated chickens indicated that the vaccine prevented shedding of antigenic group A and B viruses, but not those of the more recent groups C and D. Genetic analysis showed that compared to the vaccine strain, representative viruses of antigenic groups C and D possess greater numbers of amino acid substitutions in the hemagglutinin (HA) protein than viruses in antigenic groups A and B. Many of these substitutions are located in antigenic sites. Our results indicate that the persistence of H9N2 AIV in China might be due to incomplete vaccine protection and that the avian influenza vaccine should be regularly evaluated and updated to maintain optimal protection.

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