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Zhou J.,CAS East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Fang W.,CAS East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Zhou S.,CAS East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | Hu L.,CAS East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Recurrent outbreaks of a disease in pond-cultured juvenile and subadult Litopenaeus vannamei shrimp in several districts in China remain an important problem in recent years. The disease was characterized by "white tail" and generally accompanied by mass mortalities. Based on data from the microscopical analyses, PCR detection and 16S rRNA sequencing, a new Vibrio harveyi strain (designated as strain HLB0905) was identified as the etiologic pathogen. The bacterial isolation and challenge tests demonstrated that the HLB0905 strain was nonluminescent but highly virulent. It could cause mass mortality in affected shrimp during a short time period with a low dose of infection. Meanwhile, the histopathological and electron microscopical analysis both showed that the HLB0905 strain could cause severe fiber cell damages and striated muscle necrosis by accumulating in the tail muscle of L. vannamei shrimp, which led the affected shrimp to exhibit white or opaque lesions in the tail. The typical sign was closely similar to that caused by infectious myonecrosis (IMN), white tail disease (WTD) or penaeid white tail disease (PWTD). To differentiate from such diseases as with a sign of "white tail" but of non-bacterial origin, the present disease was named as "bacterial white tail disease (BWTD)". Present study revealed that, just like IMN and WTD, BWTD could also cause mass mortalities in pond-cultured shrimp. These results suggested that some bacterial strains are changing themselves from secondary to primary pathogens by enhancing their virulence in current shrimp aquaculture system. © 2012 Zhou et al.

Li Y.,Fudan University | Wang S.,Fudan University | Wang Z.,Fudan University | Qian X.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | And 6 more authors.
Nanotechnology | Year: 2014

Poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers are proposed as one of the most promising nanomaterials for biomedical applications because of their unique tree-like structure, monodispersity and tunable properties. In this study, we found that PAMAM dendrimers could induce the formation of autophagosomes and the conversion of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) in hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells, while the inhibition of the Akt/mTOR and activation of the Erk 1/2 signaling pathways were involved in autophagy-induced by PAMAM dendrimers. We also investigated the suppression of autophagy with the obviously enhanced cytotoxicity of PAMAM dendrimers. Moreover, the blockage of a reactive oxygen species (ROS) could enhance the growth inhibition and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells, induced by PAMAM dendrimers through reducing autophagic effects. Taken together, these findings explored the role and mechanism of autophagy induced by PAMAM dendrimers in HepG2 cells, provided new insight into the effect of autophagy on drug delivery nanomaterials and tumor cells and contributed to the use of a drug delivery vehicle for hepatocellular carcinoma treatment. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Zhong M.-A.,Tongji University | Zhang H.,Tongji University | Qi X.-Y.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | Lu A.-G.,Tongji University | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2011

Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), a chaperone involved in tumor progression, is overexpressed in various human tumors. However, its role in colon cancer progression is not completely understood. In the present study, two shRNA plasmid vectors against HSP70 were constructed and stably transfected into the colon cancer cell line HT29 to determine the effect of HSP70 on cell proliferation, cell cycle distribution and cell apoptosis in HT29 cells in vitro, and its effect on xenograft tumor growth and apoptosis in vivo. Cell proliferation was determined using MTT assay. The results revealed that HSP70 silencing efficiently inhibited the growth of HT29 cells in culture, induced cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase, and significantly increased apoptosis. Moreover, stable clones from the HSP70 shRNA-2 vector suppressed xenograft tumor growth and enhanced apoptosis in vivo compared with a mock and vector control group. In conclusion, specific HSP70 shRNA silencing may inhibit colon cancer growth, indicating that HSP70 silencing is a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of colon cancer.

Luo Y.,China Agricultural University | Qiu X.,China Agricultural University | Li H.,China Agricultural University | Li H.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | Zhang Q.,China Agricultural University
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2010

Post-weaning diarrhoea (PWD) and oedema disease (ED) caused by E. coli F18 always result in economic losses to pig producers, and no effective methods of controlling PWD and ED are presently available. FUT1 has been identified as a candidate gene controlling the expression of E. coli Fl8 receptor. This study examined the correlation between F18ab and F18ac adhesion phenotypes and the polymorphism at position M307 of the FUT1 gene in three pig breeds (231 Large White, 107 Landrace and 109 Songliao Black). The results showed: i) Both the susceptible genotypes (GG and GA) and the adhesion phenotypes (adhesive or weekly adhesive) were dominant in all three breeds with frequencies over 95%. ii) Three adhesion patterns of the two F18 variants F18ab and F18ac, i.e., (ab+, ac+), (ab+, ac-) and (ab -, ac-), were found in all three breeds, and there was no significant difference in the distribution of adhesion phenotypes of the two variants (separately or jointly) among the three breeds (p>0.05). iii) The FUT1 M307 genotypes were completely associated with the F18ab adhesion phenotypes and very strongly associated with the F18ac adhesion phenotypes. All individuals of genotype AA were non-adhesive to both F18ab and F18ac. All individuals of genotype GG or GA were adhesive to F18ab, whereas 11% of them were non-adhesive to F18ac. These results suggest that the polymorphism at FUT1 M307 can be used for marker-assisted selection of PWD and ED resistant pigs.

Li Y.,Fudan University | Zhu H.,Fudan University | Wang S.,Fudan University | Qian X.,Shanghai Animal Disease Control Center | And 6 more authors.
Theranostics | Year: 2015

Poly-amidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers are proposed to be one of the most promising drug-delivery nanomaterials. However, the toxicity of PAMAM dendrimers on the central nervous system seriously hinders their medical applications. The relationship between oxidative stress and autophagy induced by PAMAM dendrimers, and its underlying mechanism remain confusing. In this study, we reported that PAMAM dendrimers induced both reactive oxygen species and autophagy flux in neuronal cells. Interestingly, autophagy might be triggered by the formation of reactive oxygen species induced by PAMAM dendrimers. Suppression of reactive oxygen species could not only impair PAMAM dendrimers-induced autophagic effects, but also reduce PAMAM dendrimers- induced neuronal cell death. Moreover, inhibition of autophagy could protect against PAMAM dendrimers-induced neuronal cell death. These findings systematically elucidated the interplay between oxidative stress and autophagy in the neurotoxicity of PAMAM dendrimers, which might encourage the application of antioxidants and autophagy inhibitors to ameliorate the neurotoxicity of PAMAM dendrimers in clinic.

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