Shanghai Academy of Social science

Shanghai, China

Shanghai Academy of Social science

Shanghai, China
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Yang X.,Old Dominion University | Xia G.,Shanghai Academy of Social science
AIDS Education and Prevention | Year: 2015

This study examined the effectiveness of a behavioral intervention that combined cognitive and social influence approaches. The intervention consisted of small group sessions targeting HIV knowledge, protection motivation, behavioral skills, and social influences of risk reduction. The control was an attentioncontrolled HIV/STI health education and counseling. Two-group comparisons were conducted to assess the effectiveness of the intervention; risk reduction over time was analyzed to determine the sustainability of the effectiveness. The analyses revealed that the intervention was effective in reducing/increasing HIV risk/protective behaviors and the effect was sustainable. While participants in the control reported a greater reduction/increase in risk/protective behaviors 3-month post-intervention, the initial strong effect quickly faded and completely disappeared 12-month post-intervention. By contrast, the moderate initial effect of the intervention was not only sustained but actually strengthened over time. The intervention was well received by participants and holds promise for HIV risk reduction behavior change among female entertainment workers in China. © 2015 The Guilford Press.

Yang X.,Old Dominion University | Xia G.,Shanghai Academy of Social science | Li X.,Wayne State University | Latkin C.,Johns Hopkins University | Celentano D.,Johns Hopkins University
AIDS Education and Prevention | Year: 2010

Female entertainment workers in China are at increased sexual risk of HIV, but causes of their unprotected sex remain poorly understood. We develop a model that integrates information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) with social influences and test the model in a venue-based sample of 732 female entertainment workers in Shanghai. Most IMB and social influence measures are statistically significant in bivariate relationships to condom use; only HIV prevention motivation and behavioral self-efficacy remain significant in the multiple regressions. Self-efficacy in condom use is the most proximate correlate, mediating the relationship between information and motivation and condom use. Both peer and venue supports are important, but their influences over condom use are indirect and mediated through prevention motivation and/or self-efficacy. Behavioral intervention is urgently needed and should take a multilevel approach, emphasizing behavioral skills training and promoting a supportive social/working environment. © 2010 The Guilford Press.

Yang X.,Old Dominion University | Xia G.,Shanghai Academy of Social science
International Journal of STD and AIDS | Year: 2013

Female entertainment workers (FEWs) in China are at increased risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, but correlates of their risky sexual behaviour remain poorly understood. Using data from a series of four surveys, this paper employs repeated measures analysis to identify individual and social correlates of consistent condom use among FEWs in Shanghai. Results reveal that both individual cognitive and social influence factors are statistically significant in their bivariate relationships to consistent condom use with a stable or non-stable partner; only prevention motivation and perceived self-efficacy in condom use remain significant in the multiple regressions. When individual and social correlates are examined together, only peer support for condom use remains a significant and independent correlate of consistent condom use in sex with a non-stable partner. Behavioural intervention is urgently needed and should take a multilevel approach, emphasizing individual prevention motivation and behavioural skills training and promoting peer/social support. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions:

Yang X.,Old Dominion University | Xia G.,Shanghai Academy of Social science | Li X.,Wayne State University
AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV | Year: 2011

Women working in China's entertainment industryare at increased risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV/ sexuallytransmitted infections (STIs). Efforts to develop effective risk-reduction interventions for female entertainment workers (FEWs) remain limited. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a theory-based risk-reduction intervention among FEWs in Shanghai. The intervention condition consisted of small group, peerassisted sessions integrating information-motivation-behavioral skills training with social influences of behavior change. The control condition was an attention-matched HIV, health education, and counseling. At three-month post-intervention, participants in the intervention condition reported greater reductions in unprotected sex with a stable partner than participants in the control condition. However, participants in the control condition reported greater reductions in unprotected sex with a non-stable partner than participants in the intervention condition. Some aspects of the studydesign mayhave diluted the effects of the intervention. Future intervention studies need to paymore attention to social influences of behavior change and the particular challenges of risk-reduction with stable partner(s). © 2011 Taylor & Francis.

Yang X.,Old Dominion University | Xia G.,Shanghai Academy of Social science
Substance Use and Misuse | Year: 2010

Club drugs have quickly become the most widespread "drugs of abuse" in China. Using data from a convenience sample of 730 club drug users in Shanghai in 2006, we explored the causes and consequences of club drug use. Descriptive analyses suggest that club drug use is typically polydrug use. Polydrug use is strongly associated with weakened social control, drug use social influences, and a sensation-seeking personality; in addition, it is associated with more negative health and social consequences. Both polydrug and single-club-drug users are at high risk of sexually acquiring and/or transmitting HIV. The study's limitations are noted, and future research is suggested. © 2010 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SiS-2008- | Award Amount: 1.12M | Year: 2009

Science cities are becoming increasingly important across Europe. Their central strategic aim appears to be boosting the knowledge economy nationally and to support the goals defined in the Lisbon strategy. In order to do this, it is important that the triple helix of universities and research organisations, business and the public sector work together to ensure that research and development (R&D) and innovation is world-class. The premise of science cities is that the best place for this interaction to happen spatially is within cities; where all actors are present. However, to significantly improve quality of life in urban areas, it is also necessary to address the extra dimension of public engagement in science in the more recently termed quadruple helix. An engaged public can make informed choices about the way they live; they can participate in scientific debate; they are able to look critically at mediated information provision and they can contribute more effectively to the knowledge economy. The Science in Society work strand of FP7 will allow the CASC project to form a wide geographical network able to explore best practice and exchange different ideas on ways of working to improve the ways in which the public might be engaged in science. A central aim of the project will be dissemination of this best practice through new media and open events; it will culminate with development of policy recommendations for the European Commission, but also for national, regional and sub-regional levels of governance.

Gu H.,Shanghai Academy of Social science | Gu H.,United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability | Subramanian S.M.,United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability
Ecology and Society | Year: 2014

The term socio-ecological production landscapes (SEPLs) has recently gained currency in conservation circles because of a recognized need to look beyond protected areas to the management of human-influenced landscapes and ecosystems. We have drawn on a variety of case studies from Asia and other parts of the world to understand the underlying driving forces that have led to the need for greater awareness and sustainable management of SEPLs. We have analyzed the drivers of these changes from sociopolitical, legal, economic, and socio-cultural perspectives. The analysis shows that SEPLs contribute to local, national, and global economies, and their production and harvesting processes are subject to external demands and pressures. Policy makers should recognize the wide range and diverse values of SEPLs and incorporate these values into broader policy considerations. We have also provided some suggestions for future studies. © 2014 by the author(s).

Mou Z.,Shanghai Academy of Social science | Mou Z.,University Lumiere Lyon 2
Annals of GIS | Year: 2012

As a valuable source for historical research, cadastral maps have been useful in historical Geographic Information Systems (GIS) research. This article takes the cadastral maps of the French Concession in Shanghai (1931-1941) as an example to reconstruct the spatial distribution and changes of landowners' real estate, tracking nationalities, land value and parcel splitting/merging, and to explore the spatial correlation with the population, commercial shops and land value by combining the socio-economic data during this period. We argue that the use of a data-enriched historical cadastre offers a unique vantage point to understand the spatial and economic dynamics at work in the French Concession. This example highlights the need for accurate and integral historical data and how these play a decisive role in the process of the historical reconstruction in historical GIS. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Ding Y.,Lund University | Ding Y.,Fudan University | Bao L.-P.,Shanghai Academy of Social science | Xu H.,Fudan University | And 2 more authors.
Psycho-Oncology | Year: 2012

Purpose The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Sense of Coherence Scale (C-SOC-13) in women with cervical cancer in Mainland China. Methods The C-SOC-13 and Health-related Quality of Life scale (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cervix) were administered to 238 women with cervical cancer. Validity was assessed in terms of factor validity, predictive validity, divergent validity and stability, whereas reliability was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Results This study showed that in confirmatory factor analysis, the first-order interrelated three-factor model and second-order model were performed based on Antonovsky's theoretical structure of Sense of Coherence (SOC). Both models fitted the data satisfactorily when the largest modification index was released. The chi-square value/degrees of freedom was 2.120, the goodness-of-fit index was 0.919, the root mean square error of approximation was 0.069, and the comparative fit index was 0.911. The Pearson correlation coefficient between SOC and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cervix was 0.611. Enter multiple regression with SOC as a dependent variable and medical and socio-economic variables as independent variables showed no statistically significant partial coefficient of any independent variable in regression equation except for age. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the scale was 0.824. Conclusion The factor validity, predictive validity and divergent validity of C-SOC-13 were reasonable, as well as the internal consistency. In general, C-SOC-13 showed to be suitable as an SOC measurement for women with cervical cancer in Mainland China. However, SOC may have a different meaning to Chinese people because of the philosophy and culture that shape the context of their lives. Generalizing the findings to other populations requires further psychometric evaluation of C-SOC-13. Further longitudinal studies are also needed to explore the stability. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Gu H.,Shanghai Academy of Social science
Land Use Policy | Year: 2016

Not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) protests have been on the rise in urban China over the past few years. Previous studies have focused on campaign strategies and outcomes, yet less attention has been paid to how the Chinese government at different levels has responded to NIMBY protests. This paper focuses on the controversies over three paraxylene (PX) chemical plant projects, which were considered as growth engines by local governments but as health and environmental threats by local residents. It adopts the analytical framework of divided state power to explain why local governments chose to make concessions to the public's demands to relocate or cancel these PX projects. The study finds that the mandate to maintain social stability incentivized local governments to address NIMBY concerns in an ad hoc manner, which tended to create more problems than solutions. The central government has introduced several institutional measures to formalize public participation in land use planning and to hold local governments more responsible for environmental decisions. The analysis of multi-level government responses to NIMBY protests provides a new insight into the power structure that enables or constrains public participation in facility siting in China. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

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