Liu G.,Shanghai 10th Peoples Hospital |
Ye X.,Shanghai 10th Peoples Hospital |
Zhu Y.,Shanghai 10th Peoples Hospital |
Cui L.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
Cao Y.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital
Cryobiology | Year: 2011
The osteogenic capacity of human umbilical cord blood derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs) has been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, cell labeling and storage are becoming necessary for researching the potential therapeutic use of UCB-MSCs for bone tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cryopreservation on the osteogenic differentiation of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-marked UCB-MSCs in vitro. MSCs were isolated from full-term human UCB, expanded, transfected with the GFP gene, and then cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen for 4. weeks. After thawing, cell surface antigen markers and osteogenic potential were analyzed, and the luminescence of these cells was observed by fluorescence microscopy. The results demonstrate that cryopreservation has no effect on the cell phenotype, GFP expression or osteogenic differentiation of UCB-MSCs, showing that cryopreserved GFP-labeled UCB-MSCs might be applied for bone tissue engineering. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Wang X.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
Lin Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Yu H.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
Cheng A.H.-A.,University of Adelaide |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2011
BACKGROUND: Fibrous dysplasia is a benign developmental dysplastic disorder of the bone in which abnormal fibroblastic proliferation replaces the normal bone matrix. Craniomaxillofacial fibrous dysplasia can cause severe deformity with devastating functional and aesthetic consequence. Precise surgical removal of the fibro-osseous tissue is the key to ultimately restore normal function and aesthetics. Navigational surgical tool has become a useful adjunct in the surgical management of the craniomaxillofacial skeleton. METHODS: Thirteen patients with facial asymmetry and deformity caused by craniomaxillofacial fibrous dysplasia were enrolled into this study. With preoperative planning and three-dimensional simulation, normal anatomic contours of the deformed area were recreated by superimposing unaffected to the affected side. After registration, surgical facial recontouring was performed under the guidance of navigation system. RESULTS: Good accuracy was achieved with the registration of patient's facial skeleton and preoperative three-dimensional reconstructed model in all the cases. With intraoperative navigational guidance, facial bone recontouring was performed uneventfully in all cases. Surgical accuracy was evaluated by comparing the preoperative and postoperative computed tomography scan measurement. The mean maximum discrepancy between the actual surgical reduction and preoperative planning was less than 2 mm. Symptoms associated with optical nerve compression were eliminated in affected individuals. All patients' facial symmetry and aesthetics were improved. CONCLUSION: Navigation-guided facial bone recontouring is a valuable treatment modality in managing craniomaxillofacial fibrous dysplasia. Copyright © 2011 Mutaz B. Habal, MD.
Comparison of two hyaluronic acid formulations for safety and efficacy (CHASE) study in knee osteoarthritis: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, 26-week non-inferiority trial comparing Durolane to Artz
PubMed | Beijing Friendship Hospital, Beijing Military General Hospital, Zhejiang University, Peking University and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: Arthritis research & therapy | Year: 2015
Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) is often used as therapy for knee osteoarthritis because it is less expensive and less aggressive than total knee replacement. Therefore, it is important to document whether HA is safe and efficacious. We tested whether single and multiple injection viscosupplementation with HA is associated with clinically meaningful pain relief in a new randomized clinical trial (RCT). Our objective was to compare safety and efficacy of intra-articular HA in two formulations: one 3.0 ml injection of Durolane versus five 2.5 ml injections of Artz for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis pain.Patients (N=349) from the Peoples Republic of China were randomized to treatment (Durolane=175, Artz=174). The Durolane group received a 3.0 ml injection at week 0 (baseline), with sham skin punctures at weeks 1, 2, 3, and 4. The Artz group received one 2.5 ml injection at each of the same time points. The primary assessment tool was the Likert-type Western Ontario and McMaster University (WOMAC) pain scale at weeks 0, 6, 10, 14, 18, and 26. Secondary assessments were WOMAC physical function, knee stiffness, and global self-assessment, at identical time points. Statistically-controlled analyses were non-inferiority of Durolane over 18, then over 26 weeks, with a priori non-inferiority defined as 8% of the relevant scale. Acetaminophen was permitted as rescue analgesia and all adverse events (AEs) were recorded.Overall study retention was excellent; 332 patients (95.1%) completed 18 weeks and 319 (91.4%) completed 26 weeks, with no significant retention difference between treatment arms. All variables met non-inferiority criteria over 18 and 26 weeks. Efficacy response in both arms was >90%. Treatment-related AEs were 9.8% (17/174) for Artz and 13.1% (23/175) for Durolane.A single injection of Durolane is non-inferior to 5 injections of Artz over 18 and 26 weeks for pain, physical function, global self-assessment, and knee stiffness. Both treatments were efficacious, safe, and well tolerated.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01295580 . Registered 11 February 2011.
Fu Q.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Cao Y.-L.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital
Urology | Year: 2012
Objective: To review the advances in the basic research and clinical application of tissue engineering and stem cell technology in urethral reconstruction. Urethral defects resulting from congenital malformations, trauma, inflammation, or cancer are a common urologic issue. Traditional urethral reconstruction is associated with various complications. Tissue engineering and stem cell technology hold novel therapeutic promise for urethral reconstruction. Methods: One of us searched the PubMed database (January 1999 to January 2011) using the English search terms "tissue engineering," "stem cells," "urethral reconstruction," and "urethra." A total of 86 reports were retrieved. After the repetitive and irrelevant reports were excluded, 40 were included in the final analysis. The review outlined and evaluated the advances in basic research and clinical application and the current status and prospects of tissue engineering and stem cell technology in urinary reconstruction. Results: Two therapeutic strategies are available for urethral reconstruction using tissue engineering: the acellular matrix bioscaffold model and the cell-seeded bioscaffold model. The acellular matrix bioscaffold model has been successfully used in the clinic and the cell-seeded bioscaffold model is making its transition from bench to bedside. Conclusion: Stem cells can provide the seed cells for urologic tissue engineering, but much basic research is still needed before their clinical use is possible. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Fu Q.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Cao Y.-L.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital
Journal of Sexual Medicine | Year: 2010
Introduction. A variety of congenital and acquired male genitourinary tract abnormalities can lead to organ damage or tissue loss that requires surgical reconstruction. Traditional reconstructive methods do not produce consistent satisfactory structural or functional replacement and may damage the genitourinary tract. Tissue engineering provides a promising alternative for the treatment of these disorders. Aim.: The aim of this article is to provide an update on clinical and experimental evidence concerning the application of tissue engineering to treatment of abnormalities in the male genitourinary tract system. Methods.: A PubMed search was performed to retrieve relevant clinical and basic literature. Main Outcome Measures.: The topics discussed in this review include the experimental and clinical application of tissue engineering for reconstruction of the urethra, penis, testis, and prostate. Results.: Tissue engineering techniques can provide a plentiful source of healthy tissue for reconstructive purposes. Acellular matrix scaffold and seed cells are two key elements in tissue engineering. Proper employment of seed cells and scaffold material may result in synergistic effects. Moreover, new tissue engineering technologies are being transferred from the laboratory to clinical practice. Conclusions.: Tissue engineering provides biological substitutes that can restore and maintain normal function in diseased and injured tissues, thus providing an effective technique for regeneration of the male genitourinary tract. © 2010 International Society for Sexual Medicine.
PubMed | Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University and Shandong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.) | Year: 2014
Cell therapy has shown its power to promote diabetic chronic wound healing. However, problems of scar formation and loss of appendages have not yet been solved. Our study aims to explore the potential of using embryonic skin cells (ESkCs) to repair diabetic wounds. Circular wound was created on the back of the diabetic mice, and ESkCs stained with CM-DIL were transplanted into the wound. Wound area was recorded at the day 4, 7, 11, and 14 after transplantation. The tissue samples were obtained at week 1, 2, and 3, and the tissue sections were stained by transforming growth factor 1 (TGF-1), TGF-3, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and CD31. The new skin formed on the wound of the diabetic mice with ESkC treatment at week 1 but not on the wounds of the non-treatment group. The histological scores of diabetic group with ESkC treatment were significantly better than the non-treatment group (P<0.05). The fluorescence examination of CM-DIL and CD31 staining indicated that the ESkCs participated in the tissue regeneration, hair follicles formation, and angiogenesis. The expression of TGF-1 and VEGF in ESkC-treated groups was noticeable in week 1 but disappeared in week 2. TGF-3 was not expressed at week 1 but expressed markedly around hair follicles in week 2 in ESkC-treated groups. Our study demonstrated that ESkCs are capable of developing new skin with appendage restoration to repair the diabetic wounds.
Xu C.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
Zhang Y.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
Yang Y.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
Liang Y.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2013
The maxillofacial region develops during 3 to 8 weeks in an embryo. The process involves neural crest cell migration and proliferation as well as facial protrusion jointing and fusion. The maxillofacial region is one of the predilection sites of congenital malformations. We treated a 5-year-old Chinese boy with abnormal development of the left maxillofacial region. We describe in detail the patient's characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment processes and try to explain the possible causes of the disease. © 2013 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.
Ding H.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
Zhu Z.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
Tang T.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
Yu D.,Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine | Year: 2012
It is generally accepted that periprosthetic bone resorption is initiated through aseptic inflammation aggravated by wear particles that are generated from artificial joint. However, some studies have demonstrated that "endotoxin-free" wear particles are almost completely unable to stimulate the macrophage-mediated production of proinflammatory cytokines. Here, we compare the titanium particles with different methods of endotoxin removal. The results indicated that different titanium particle preparation dosages did not significantly change particle size, morphology, and chemical composition. But it could cause variations in the endotoxin concentration of titanium particles and inflammatory responses in RAW264.7 macrophages. The particles with higher endotoxin levels correlated with more extensive inflammatory responses. When testing endotoxins using the supernatant of particle suspensions, it would lead to false negative results compared with testing the particle themselves. And when using the particles themselves, all the particles should be removed by centrifugation to avoid particle interference before the absorbance value was determined. Therefore, we suggest that research concerning wear particles should completely describe the endotoxin testing process, including endotoxin removal from particles and the details of endotoxin testing. Moreover, future research should focus on the surface of wear particles (the potential role of adherent endotoxin) rather than the particles themselves. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.
PubMed | Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital and Morriston Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2015
We present a case of successful harvest and anastomosis of a free fibula flap with 15cm of bone where the peroneal artery was only 1.0cm long and situated in the distal 1/3rd of the fibula.
PubMed | Capital Medical University, Harbin Medical University, The Forsyth Institute and Shanghai 9th Peoples Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Open journal of immunology | Year: 2015
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a key role in B cell-mediated innate and adaptive immunity. It has been shown that interleukin 10 (IL-10)-producing regulatory B cells (B10 cells) can negatively regulate cellular immune responses and inflammation in autoimmune diseases. In this study, we determined the effect of TLR4 signaling on the CD40-activated B10 cell competency. The results demonstrated that LPS and CD40L synergistically stimulated proliferation of mouse splenocytes. The percentage of B10 cells in cultured splenocytes was significantly increased after CD40L stimulation but such increase was diminished by the addition of LPS. Such effects by LPS were only observed in cells from WT but not TLR4