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Wu X.,Shanghai 10th Peoples Hospital
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2012

Lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) is the most frequent histologic type of lung cancer and rates of adenocarcinoma are increasing in most countries. Recently, several molecular markers have been identified to predict LAC. However, more prognostic makers and the underlying role of those makers are still imperative. In this study, our objective was to identify a set of discriminating genes that can be used for characterization and prediction of response to LAC. Using the bioinformatics analysis method, we merged two LAC datasets-GSE2514 and GSE7670 to find novel target genes and pathways to explain the pathogenicity. The results showed that EDNRB (endothelin receptor type B), ADRB2 (beta-adrenergic receptor), S1PR1 (sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1), P2RY14 (PsY purinoceptor 14), LEPR (leptin-receptor), GHR (growth hormone receptor), PPM1D (protein phosphatase-1D), and GADD45B (growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, beta) have high degrees in response to LAC. Additionally, EDNRB, ADRB2, S1PR1, P2RY14, LEPR, and GHR may be involved in LAC through Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, but PPM1D and GADD45B may be through p53 signaling pathway. Some of our prediction had been demonstrated by previous reports, such as ADRB2, S1PR1, GHR, PPM1D, and GADD45B. Therefore, we hope our study could lay a basis for further study of other target genes, such as EDNRB, P2RY14, and LEPR. It is effective to identify potential molecular marker for LAC and predict their underlying functions by bioinformatics analysis and graph clustering method. However, further experiments are still indispensable to confirm our conclusion.

Chen S.-L.,Nanjing Medical University | Santoso T.,University of Indonesia | Zhang J.-J.,Nanjing Medical University | Ye F.,Nanjing Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2011

Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the difference in major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 12 months in patients with coronary bifurcation lesions after double kissing double crush (DK crush) or provisional stenting (PS) techniques. Background: Provisional side branch (SB) stenting is preferable to DK crush because it has been associated with fewer complications. It is unknown which strategy would provide the best results. Methods: From April 2007 to June 2009, 370 unselected patients with coronary bifurcation lesions from 7 Asian centers were randomly assigned to either the DK or the PS group. Additional SB stenting in PS was required if final results were suboptimal. The primary end point was the occurrence of MACE at 12 months, including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization (TVR). Secondary end point was the angiographic restenosis at 8 months. Results: There were 3 procedural occlusions of SB in the PS group. At 8 months, angiographic restenosis rates in the main vessel and SB were significantly different between the DK (3.8% and 4.9%) and the PS groups (9.7% and 22.2%, p = 0.036 and p < 0.001, respectively). Additional SB stenting in the PS group was required in 28.6% of lesions. TVR was 6.5% in the DK group, occurring significantly less often than in the PS group (14.6%, p = 0.017). There were nonsignificant differences in MACE and definite stent thrombosis between the DK (10.3% and 2.2%) and PS groups (17.3%, and 0.5%, p = 0.070 and p = 0.372, respectively). Conclusions: DK crush was associated with a significant reduction of TLR and TVR in this unselected patient population. However, there was no significant difference in MACE between DK and the PS groups. (Randomized Study on DK Crush Technique Versus Provisional Stenting Technique for Coronary Artery Bifurcation Lesions; ChicTR-TRC-00000015) © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Chen S.-l.,Nanjing Medical University | Mintz G.,Cardiovascular Research Foundation | Santoso T.,University of Indonesia | Zhang J.-j.,Nanjing Medical University | And 8 more authors.
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2012

Background The difference in clinical outcome between paclitaxal-eluting stents (PES) and sirolimus-eluting stents with bio-degradable polymer (SES-BDP) for bifurcation lesions remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the one-year clinical outcome after DK crush stenting using PES (Taxus™) vs. SES-BDP (Excel™) from our database. Methods A total of 275 patients (90 from the DKCRUSH-I and 185 from the DKCRUSH-II study) were studied. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 12 months; including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), or target vessel revascularization (TVR). The rate of binary restenosis and stent thrombosis served as secondary endpoints. Results At follow-up, minimal luminal diameter (MLD) in the Taxus group was (2.11±0.66) mm, with resultant increased target lesion revascularization (TLR) 12.2% and TVR 14.4%, significantly different from the Excel group; (2.47±0.56) mm, P <0.001, 3.2%, P=0.006, 4.9%, P=0.019, respectively. As a result there was a significant difference in MACE between the Taxus (20.0%) and Excel (10.3%, P=0.038) groups. Overall stent thrombosis was monitored in 11 patients (4.0%), with five in the Excel group (2.7%) and six in the Taxus group (6.7%). All stent thrombosis in the Excel group was classified as early, and all were defined as late in the Taxus group. Conclusion The Excel stent had lower rate of stent thrombosis, TLR, TVR, and composite MACE at 12-month after an indexed stenting procedure, compared to the Taxus stent.

Zhao Y.,Soochow University of China | Huang Q.,Soochow University of China | Yang J.,Soochow University of China | Lou M.,Shanghai 10th Peoples Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2010

Despite of similarities between glioma stem/progenitor cells (GSPCs) and neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs), inhibition of differentiation is a distinct characteristic of GSPCs. In this study, we investigated the effects of autophagy impairment on inhibition of differentiation of GSPC, and its molecular mechanism. GSPCs were kept by our laboratory; NSPCs were isolated from human fetal brain tissue. We found that the autophagic activity in GSPCs was significantly lower than that in NSPCs. However, the autophagic activity markedly increased after GSPCs were induced to differentiate by fetal calf serum (FCS). The autophagy inhibitors 3-methyladenine and Bafilomycin A1 (BFA) inhibited the FSC-induced differentiation of GSPCs. And autophagy activator Rapamycin could promote differentiation of GSPCs. In order to disclose whether the loss of PTEN in GSPC is related to the deficiency of autophagic activity in GSPCs (for PTEN being lost in the GSPCs studied by us), we introduced the wild type gene of PTEN into GSPCs, and found that the autophagic activity was restored significantly after the gene transduction. The low autophagic activity in GSPCs leads to the inhibition of differentiation of GSPCs, and the loss of PTEN in GSPCs probably is an underlying mechanism for the low autophagic activity in GSPCs. These results suggest that bust autophagic activity target at PTEN might be a potential therapy target for glioma therapy. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Liu G.,Shanghai 10th Peoples Hospital | Ye X.,Shanghai 10th Peoples Hospital | Zhu Y.,Shanghai 10th Peoples Hospital
Cryobiology | Year: 2011

The osteogenic capacity of human umbilical cord blood derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs) has been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, cell labeling and storage are becoming necessary for researching the potential therapeutic use of UCB-MSCs for bone tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cryopreservation on the osteogenic differentiation of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-marked UCB-MSCs in vitro. MSCs were isolated from full-term human UCB, expanded, transfected with the GFP gene, and then cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen for 4. weeks. After thawing, cell surface antigen markers and osteogenic potential were analyzed, and the luminescence of these cells was observed by fluorescence microscopy. The results demonstrate that cryopreservation has no effect on the cell phenotype, GFP expression or osteogenic differentiation of UCB-MSCs, showing that cryopreserved GFP-labeled UCB-MSCs might be applied for bone tissue engineering. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

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