Shandongs Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology

Jinan, China

Shandongs Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology

Jinan, China

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Yu Y.,Shandongs Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology | Guan H.,Shandongs Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology | Xing L.-G.,University of Jinan | Xiang Y.-B.,Shanghai JiaoTong University
Clinical Therapeutics | Year: 2015

Purpose Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) has become widely applied in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and gross tumor volume (GTV) is a reliable index for predicting prognosis in patients with NSCLC. This meta-analysis investigated the association between GTV and prognosis in patients with NSCLC after 3D-CRT. Methods Electronic bibliographic databases were searched to identify articles related to NSCLC and 3D-CRT. The search results were carefully screened, using predetermined selection criteria, to select the most relevant studies. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale criteria were applied by 2 reviewers independently to evaluate the quality of the methodology of each included article., Based on GTV, each patient was assigned to either the study group (large GTV [≥112 cm3]) or the control group (small GTV [<112 cm3]), and the mean rates of overall survival (OS) and survival at 1, 3, and 5 years were calculated in each group. Summary hazard ratio (HR) with 95% CI was calculated. Findings The data from 10 cohort studies were incorporated into the current meta-analysis (1473 patients; study group, 773; control group, 700). The OS in the study group was significantly less than that in the control group (HR = 1.52; 95% CI, 1.10-1.94; P < 0.01). The study and control groups also had significantly different survival rates at 1 year (HR = 1.27; 95% CI, 1.10-1.46, P = 0.01), 3 years (HR = 2.06; 95% CI, 1.63-2.61; P < 0.01), and 5 years (HR = 2.25; 95% CI, 1.63-3.10; P < 0.01). Findings from funnel plots and Egger tests of the OS and 3-year survival rate suggested no publication bias. With respect to the 1- and 5-year survival rates, however, the funnel plots and Egger tests demonstrated publication bias among the included studies. Implications The relatively small number of studies and small sample size, as well as the lack of a specific and standard method of defining small and large GTV, may have influenced the credibility and reliability of our results. The findings suggest that GTV influences prognosis in patients with NSCLC after 3D-CRT. However, further studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm our finding that a larger GTV is negatively associated with NSCLC prognosis after 3D-CRT. © 2015 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc.


PubMed | Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shandongs Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology and Shandong Academy of Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical therapeutics | Year: 2015

Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) has become widely applied in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and gross tumor volume (GTV) is a reliable index for predicting prognosis in patients with NSCLC. This meta-analysis investigated the association between GTV and prognosis in patients with NSCLC after 3D-CRT.Electronic bibliographic databases were searched to identify articles related to NSCLC and 3D-CRT. The search results were carefully screened, using predetermined selection criteria, to select the most relevant studies. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale criteria were applied by 2 reviewers independently to evaluate the quality of the methodology of each included article., Based on GTV, each patient was assigned to either the study group (large GTV [112 cm(3)]) or the control group (small GTV [<112 cm(3)]), and the mean rates of overall survival (OS) and survival at 1, 3, and 5 years were calculated in each group. Summary hazard ratio (HR) with 95% CI was calculated.The data from 10 cohort studies were incorporated into the current meta-analysis (1473 patients; study group, 773; control group, 700). The OS in the study group was significantly less than that in the control group (HR = 1.52; 95% CI, 1.10-1.94; P < 0.01). The study and control groups also had significantly different survival rates at 1 year (HR = 1.27; 95% CI, 1.10-1.46, P = 0.01), 3 years (HR = 2.06; 95% CI, 1.63-2.61; P < 0.01), and 5 years (HR = 2.25; 95% CI, 1.63-3.10; P < 0.01). Findings from funnel plots and Egger tests of the OS and 3-year survival rate suggested no publication bias. With respect to the 1- and 5-year survival rates, however, the funnel plots and Egger tests demonstrated publication bias among the included studies.The relatively small number of studies and small sample size, as well as the lack of a specific and standard method of defining small and large GTV, may have influenced the credibility and reliability of our results. The findings suggest that GTV influences prognosis in patients with NSCLC after 3D-CRT. However, further studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm our finding that a larger GTV is negatively associated with NSCLC prognosis after 3D-CRT.


Zhang J.,Shandong Academy of Sciences | Zhang J.,Shandongs Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology | Zhang J.,Tianjin Medical University | Li B.,Shandong Academy of Sciences | And 13 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2014

Background and purpose Nitric oxide (NO), mainly synthesized by inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) in pathological conditions, plays an important role in cytotoxicity, inflammation and fibrosis. Elevations in exhaled NO after thoracic radiation have been reported to predict radiation-induced lung injury (RILI). This study examined whether genetic variations in NOS2 gene is associated with the risk of RILI. Material and methods A cohort of 301 patients between 2009 and 2011 were genotyped for 21 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the NOS2 gene by the Sequenom MassArray system. Kaplan-Meier cumulative probability was used to assess RILI risk and Cox proportional hazards analyses were performed to evaluate the effect of NOS2 genotypes on RILI. Results Multivariate analysis found that three SNPs (rs2297518, rs1137933 and rs16949) in NOS2 were significantly associated with risk of RILI ≥ 2 (P value = 0.001, 0.000092, 0.001, respectively) after adjusting for other covariates. Their associations were independent of radiation dose and mean lung dose. Further haplotype analysis indicated that the ATC haplotype of three SNPs is associated with reducing the risk of developing RILI. Conclusion Our results demonstrate that genetic variants of NOS2 may serve as a reliable predictor of RILI in lung cancer patients treated with thoracic radiation. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Ding X.,Shandong Academy of Sciences | Ding X.,Shandongs Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology | Li H.,Shandong Academy of Sciences | Li H.,Shandongs Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology | And 13 more authors.
Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2013

The aim is to investigate the feasibility of shrinking feld technique after 40 Gy for stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) during radiation therapy. Eighty-seven consecutive patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy or three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy were enrolled in this study. 18F-fuorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/ computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) scanning was performed prior to treatment and repeated after 40 Gy, and the delineation of target volume was based on fused images of PET and CT. After 40 Gy of conventional fractionated radiotherapy to the initial planning target volume (PTV), a boost of 19.6-39.2 Gy was delivered to the shrunken PTV through late course accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy, and the median total dose was 66.0 Gy (range, 59.6-79.2 Gy). Gross tumor volume (GTV) and PTV regressions were recorded, and prescription doses with or without shrinking feld were calculated. Local recurrence patterns were investigated through follow-up. The tumor volumes regressed in 84 (96.6%) patients and increased in 3 (3.4%) patients after 40 Gy. The mean GTV and PTV reduction was 38% (range, 213-95%) and 30% (range, 25-95%). Mean total prescription dose escalated from 62.0 Gy to 68.5 Gy through shrinking feld technique. The median follow-up was 17 months, ranging from 5 to 46 months, and the 1- and 2-year overall survival rates in our study were 74.7% and 34.6%. The response rate was 79.5%, and radiation toxicity was acceptable. Tumor progression occurred in 67.8% (59/87) patients. Numbers of patients who had outfeld, infeld and both infeld and outfeld recurrences were 3 (3.4%), 26 (29.5%), and 3 (3.4%), respectively. In conclusion, signifcant tumor regression was observed after 40 Gy, and radiation dose escalated after shrinking feld with acceptable toxicity and outfeld relapse. Shrinking feld radiotherapy based on 18F-FDG PET/CT after 40 Gy was safe and feasible for stage III NSCLC. © Adenine Press (2013).


Zhang J.,Tianjin Medical University | Zhang J.,Shandong Academy of Sciences | Zhang J.,Shandongs Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology | Yang F.,Tianjin Medical University | And 15 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2011

Purpose: To assess the relationship between biologically effective dose (BED) and efficacy of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and to explore the optimal BED range for Stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods and Materials: Eligible studies were identified on Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and the proceedings of annual meetings through June 2010. According to the quartile of included studies, BED was divided into four dose groups: low (<83.2 Gy), medium (83.2-106 Gy), medium to high (106-146 Gy), high (>146 Gy). To obtain pooled estimates of overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and local control rate (LCR), data were combined in a random effect model. Pooled estimates were corrected for the percentage of small tumors (<3 cm). Results: Thirty-four observational studies with a total of 2,587 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Corrected pooled estimates of 2- or 3-year OS in the medium BED (76.1%, 63.5%) or the medium to high BED (68.3%, 63.2%) groups were higher than in the low (62.3%, 51.9%) or high groups (55.9%, 49.5%), respectively (p ≤ 0.004). Corrected 3-year CSS in the medium (79.5%), medium to high (80.6%), and high groups (90.0%) were higher than in the low group (70.1%, p = 0.016, 0.018, 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: The OS for the medium or medium to high BED groups were higher than those for the low or high BED group for SBRT in Stage I NSCLC. The medium or medium to high BED (range, 83.2-146 Gy) for SBRT may currently be more beneficial and reasonable in Stage I NSCLC. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

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