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Zhai Z.,Shandong Agricultural University | Zhai Z.,Central Hospital Of Taian City | Ma X.,Zhongcheng Feed Technology Co. | Yang L.,Shandong Agricultural University | And 6 more authors.
Genes and Genomics | Year: 2016

Few studies have attempted to characterize the pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) immunoglobulin Y (IgY) heavy chain constant region. In the present study, fragments of the pheasant IgY heavy chain constant region were cloned, analyzed, and expressed. The cross-reactivity of IgY or immunoglobulin G (IgG)s with antigens from other vertebrate species was determined using dot-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blot analysis. Five peptides of the pheasant IgY heavy chain constant region were synthesized to determine its immunoregulatory activity in vitro. The IgY heavy chain constant region from pheasant showed the highest homology with that from chicken (71.2 %) and duck (49.1 %). Phylogenetic analysis for IgY showed that pheasant was closely related to chicken and duck than to any other analyzed vertebrate species. The rabbit anti-chicken IgG showed immunologic cross-reactivity with recombinant proteins of the pheasant IgY heavy chain constant region. Four peptides were able to induce significant up-regulation of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, and interferon-γ in chicken peripheral blood lymphocytes, suggesting a new role of avian IgY in immune regulation. © 2016 The Genetics Society of Korea and Springer-Science and Media

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