Jinan, China
Jinan, China

Shandong University is a public comprehensive university in Shandong, China. It is one of the largest universities in China by student population and is supported directly by the national government.Present-day Shandong University is the result of multiple mergers as well as splits and restructurings that have involved more than a dozen academic institutions over time. The oldest of Shandong University's precursor institutions, Cheeloo University, was founded by American and English mission agencies in the late 19th century . Tengchow College was the first modern institution of higher learning in China. Shandong University derives its official founding date from the Imperial Shandong University established in Jinan in November 1901 as the second modern national university in the country.Shandong University has seven campuses, all but one of which are located in the provincial capital city of Jinan. A campus to the northeast of the port city of Qingdao is under construction. The university has been classified as a National Key University by the Chinese Ministry of Education since 1960. It has been included in major national initiatives seeking to enhance the international competitiveness of the top-tier universities in China such as Project 985 and Project 211.Shandong University offers master and doctoral degree programs in all major academic disciplines covering the humanities, science and engineering, as well as medicine. Wikipedia.


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Chen F.,Shandong University | de Aldana J.R.V.,University of Salamanca
Laser and Photonics Reviews | Year: 2014

Femtosecond-laser micromachining (also known as inscription or writing) has been developed as one of the most efficient techniques for direct three-dimensional microfabrication of transparent optical materials. In integrated photonics, by using direct writing of femtosecond/ultrafast laser pulses, optical waveguides can be produced in a wide variety of optical materials. With diverse parameters, the formed waveguides may possess different configurations. This paper focuses on crystalline dielectric materials, and is a review of the state-of-the-art in the fabrication, characterization and applications of femtosecond-laser micromachined waveguiding structures in optical crystals and ceramics. A brief outlook is presented by focusing on a few potential spotlights. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Wang Y.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research | Yan B.,Shandong University | Chen L.,CAS Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2013

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is an ultrasensitive vibrational spectroscopic technique to detect molecules on or near the surface of plasmonic nanostructures, greatly extending the role of standard Raman spectroscopy. Since its discovery in the 1970s, SERS has been applied to many analyses, especially in biochemistry and life sciences. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is an ultrasensitive vibrational spectroscopic technique to detect molecules on or near the surface of plasmonic nanostructures, greatly extending the role of standard Raman spectroscopy. The first explanation is that the molecule-surface interaction induces novel charge-transfer intermediates that have higher Raman scattering cross sections than do those of the analyte that is unadsorbed and on the surface.


Energetic ion beams with diverse energies, species and beam dimensions have been extensively utilized to modify the properties of materials to achieve versatile applications in many aspects of industry, agriculture and scientific research. In optics, the ion-beam technology has been applied to fabricate various micro- and submicrometric guiding structures on a wide range of optical crystals through the efficient modulation of the refractive indices or structuring of the surface, realizing various applications in many branches of photonics. The ion-beam fabricated optical waveguides and other photonic structures have shown good guiding performance as well as properties related to the materials, suggesting promising potential for many aspects of photonics. This paper gives the state-of-the-art review of fabrication, characterization and application on the ion-beam-processed micro- and submicrometric photonic structures by highlighting the most recent research progress. A brief prospect is presented by focusing on a few potential spotlights. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Li J.,Shandong University
Automatica | Year: 2012

In Buckdahn, Djehiche, Li, and Peng (2009), the authors obtained mean-field Backward Stochastic Differential Equations (BSDEs) in a natural way as a limit of some highly dimensional system of forward and backward SDEs, corresponding to a great number of "particles" (or "agents"). The objective of the present paper is to deepen the investigation of such mean-field BSDEs by studying their stochastic maximum principle. This paper studies the stochastic maximum principle (SMP) for mean-field controls, which is different from the classical ones. This paper deduces an SMP in integral form, and it also gets, under additional assumptions, necessary conditions as well as sufficient conditions for the optimality of a control. As an application, this paper studies a linear quadratic stochastic control problem of mean-field type. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Wang X.W.,Shandong University
Developmental and comparative immunology | Year: 2013

Lectins play important roles in many biological processes, including protein trafficking, cell signaling, pathogen recognition, as effector molecules, and so on, because of their capacity to bind carbohydrates. Presently, seven groups of lectins have been identified in shrimp: C-type, L-type, P-type, M-type, fibrinogen-like domain lectins, galectins, and calnexin/calreticulin. These lectins have different structures, diverse expression patterns, and multiple functions in the shrimp immune response. This review summarizes the research progress and analyzes the diversity of shrimp lectins, focusing mainly on the C-type lectin family. Shrimp C-type lectins show considerable diversity in their domain architectures, sugar substrates, tissue distributions, expression patterns responding to pathogen challenge and functions in shrimp immunity. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Tong D.M.,Shandong University
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2010

The quantitative condition has been widely used in the practical applications of the adiabatic theorem. However, it had never been proved to be sufficient or necessary before. It was only recently found that the quantitative condition is insufficient, but whether it is necessary remains unresolved. In this Letter, we prove that the quantitative condition is necessary in guaranteeing the validity of the adiabatic approximation. © 2010 The American Physical Society.


Zhao W.,Shandong University
FEBS Letters | Year: 2013

TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) plays pivotal roles in antiviral innate immunity. TBK1 mediates the activation of interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 3, leading to the induction of type I IFNs (IFN-α/β) following viral infections. TBK1 must be tightly regulated to effectively control viral infections and maintain immune homeostasis. TBK1 activity can be regulated in a variety of ways, such as phosphorylation, ubiquitination, kinase activity modulation and prevention of functional TBK1-containing complexes formation. Furthermore, multiple viruses have evolved elaborate strategies to circumvent IFN responses by targeting TBK1. Here we provide an overview of TBK1 in antiviral immunity and recent developments on the regulation of TBK1 activity. © 2013 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Cui M.,Shandong University
Journal of Computational Physics | Year: 2012

High-order compact finite difference scheme with operator splitting technique for solving two-dimensional time fractional diffusion equation is considered in this paper. A Grünwald-Letnikov approximation is used for the Riemann-Liouville time derivative, and the second order spatial derivatives are approximated by the compact finite differences to obtain a fully discrete implicit scheme. Alternating direction implicit (ADI) method is used to split the original problem into two separate one-dimensional problems. The local truncation error is analyzed and the stability is discussed by the Fourier method. The proposed scheme is suitable when the order of the time fractional derivative γ lies in the interval 12,1. A correction term is added to maintain high accuracy when γ∈0,12. Numerical results are provided to verify the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed algorithm. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


The present invention relates to a valve train mechanism and a fuel supply system of internal combustion engine, and particularly relates to an oil control device of a hydraulic fully variable valve system of the internal combustion engine. This device connected with the hydraulic valve system of internal combustion engine, the device consists of a housing, a rotary valve, a hydraulic accumulator and a transmission mechanism. The rotary valve, the hydraulic accumulator and the transmission mechanism are installed in the housing. The rotary valve consists of a rotary valve shaft and a rotary valve sleeve. The hydraulic accumulator consists of an accumulator piston, an accumulator spring, an end cover, a sealing seat ring and a rubber gasket and is installed in the cavity at one end of the housing. An accumulator chamber is provided between the rotary valve and the hydraulic accumulator. The transmission mechanism consists of a transmission gear, a gear shaft and a cross slide coupling. The transmission gear is installed on the gear shaft, while the gear shaft is connected with the rotary valve shaft through the cross slide coupling. The present invention can replace a high-frequency solenoid valve, it is applicable to use with hydraulic fully variable valve system of single-cylinder and multi-cylinder internal combustion engines. And the present invention has the advantages of simple structure, reliability, good manufacturability and low cost.


Xin B.,Shandong University | Hao J.,Shandong University
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2010

This critical review outlines the current state-of-the-art research on the reversibly switchable wettability of surface brought about by external stimuli and the exchange of counterions. Chemical composition and surface topography are the two key factors in the wettability of solid substrates. Applying external stimuli and exchanging counterions of ionic liquids and polyelectrolyte films are valuable approaches for rendering the change in surface chemistry and/or topography, and for driving the transition between hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity of surfaces. Through the combination of stimuli-responsive films and micro-/nanostructural surfaces, smart surfaces with reversible switching between superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity have been achieved. As an important advancement in reversibly switchable wettability, this review briefly introduces ionic liquids (ILs) as on-off systems to obtain reversibly switchable wettability and then discusses in more detail the methods to induce the reversibly switchable wettability of surfaces modified by ILs, additives, or thin films. In addition to reversibly switchable wettability mechanisms, open problems and potential solutions are discussed (157 references). © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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