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Yan L.-P.,Shandong Provincial Academy of Forestry | Yan L.-P.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboretory of Forrest Genetic Improvement Tree | Liu C.-L.,Shandong Provincial Academy of Forestry | Liu C.-L.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboretory of Forrest Genetic Improvement Tree | And 9 more authors.
Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture | Year: 2012

Glycinebetaine is an important quaternary ammonium compound generated in response to salt and other osmotic stresses in many organisms. Its synthesis requires the catalysis of betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase encoded by a Betaine Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (BADH) gene that converts betaine aldehyde into glycinebetaine in some halotolerant plants. In this study, a BADH gene was over expressed in transgenic alfalfa (Medicago sativa L) plants using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Transgenic alfalfa plants grown under 9‰ NaCl grew well; while non-transgenic control plants turned yellowish in color, wilted, and eventually died. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Northern blot hybridization analyses demonstrated that the BADH gene was transferred into the T2 generation and segregated in a Mendelian fashion. Transgenic alfalfa plants expressing BADH showed significantly higher BADH enzyme activity and betaine contents when grown under 6‰ NaCl. Moreover, proline content in T2 lines were higher while electrolyte leakage and malonaldehyde content were lower in T2 lines compared with non-transgenic plants. These findings indicated that transgenic plants expressing BADH transgene exhibited higher salt tolerance than non-transgenic plants. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

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