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Shao S.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Jinan | Li B.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Jinan | Xue H.-M.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Jinan | Huang H.-Y.,Shandong University | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

To evaluate the effects of alveolar ridge preservation with Bio-Oss bone substitute (Geistlich Pharma) on delayed implant osseointegration. The 3rd and 4th left and right mandibular premolars were extracted from four adult healthy male and female dogs. For the experimental group, we randomly selected two extraction sockets in each dog to be filled with Bio-Oss bone substitute (Geistlich Pharma). The two remaining extraction sockets remained untreated and served as the control group. Three months after Bio-Oss placement, dental implants were inserted into the alveolar bone of the experimental group and the control group. The osteogenic activity of the bone around the implants was assessed by evaluating the histological morphology and by estimating histomorphometric parameters at 3 and 6 months after delayed implantation. At 3 months, Goldner’s trichrome staining analysis showed that the bone-implant contact rate and mineralised bone area around the implant were significantly higher in the experimental group (75.98% ± 8.97% and 69.52% ± 9.63%, respectively) than in the control group (56.13% ± 8.18% and 52.82% ± 7.25%, respectively; P < 0.05). However, at 6 months, the two groups showed no significant difference. Fluorescence microscopy analysis revealed that the average mineralisation apposition rate of the bone tissue around the dental implant in the experimental group at 3 and 6 months was 6.80 ± 0.43 μm and 8.38 ± 0.84 μm, respectively, which was significantly higher than the rate in the control group (P < 0.05). These data indicated that alveolar ridge preservation by using Bio-Oss placement can promote osseointegration of delayed implantation. This may be a promising option for clinical use. © 2015, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved. Source

Li Y.,Shandong University | Li Y.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration | Guo H.,Shandong University | Guo H.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration | And 6 more authors.
Archives of Oral Biology | Year: 2015

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate effects of coinfection of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) or Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans) with Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) on their adhering and invasive capacity to human gingival epithelial cells as well as the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and human beta-defensin-2 (hBD-2) in human gingival epithelial cells. Design: P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans were tested for their ability to attach and invade a human gingival epithelial cell line (Ca9-22) alone or coinfecting with F. nucleatum. Also, expression levels of IL-8 and hBD-2 were detected respectively using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) when Ca9-22 cells were infected with P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans alone or coinfecting with F. nucleatum. Results: F. nucleatum, P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans were allowed to adhere and invade Ca9-22 cells, either each strain alone or under coinfection. The adhering and invasive abilities of P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans were significantly greater when they were coincubated with F. nucleatum (P < 0.05) than either of them alone. These enhancements were inhibited by galactose. In addition, P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans inhibited the activation of IL-8 and hBD-2 by F. nucleatum. Also, galactose disrupted this inhibition on the expression of IL-8 and hBD-2. Conclusion: These results suggested coinfection with F. nucleatum can enhance adhesion and invasion of P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans to Ca9-22 cells, as well as inhibition on host innate immune response. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Yu X.-D.,Shandong University | Yu X.-D.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration | Yang J.-L.,Dongying Peoples Hospital | Zhang W.-L.,Shandong University | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

The present study was performed to investigate the effect of resveratrol (trans-3,4′,5-trihydroxystilbene) present as a natural phytoalexin in grapes, peanuts, and red wine on oral squamous cancer cell lines, SCC-VII, SCC-25, and YD-38. MTS assay and flow cytometry, respectively, were used for the analysis of inhibition of cell proliferation and apoptosis. Western blot analysis was performed to examine the effect of resveratrol on the expression of proteins associated with cell cycle regulation. The results revealed a concentration- and time-dependent inhibition of proliferation in all the three tested cell lines on treatment with resveratrol. The IC50 of resveratrol for SCC-VII, SCC-25, and YD-38 cell lines was found to be 0.5, 0.7, and 1.0 μg/ml, respectively, after 48-h treatment. Examination of the cell cycle analysis showed that resveratrol treatment induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase and enhanced the expression of phospho-cdc2 (Tyr 15), cyclin A2, and cyclin B1 in the oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. It also caused a marked increase in the percentage of apoptotic cells as revealed by the fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis. Thus, resveratrol exhibits inhibitory effect on the proliferation of OSCC oral cancer cells through the induction of apoptosis and G2/M phase cell cycle arrest. © 2015 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) Source

Wei F.,Shandong University | Wei F.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration | Yang S.,Shandong University | Yang S.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration | And 11 more authors.
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2015

Orthodontic force may lead to cell damage, circulatory disturbances, and vascular changes of the dental pulp, which make a hypoxic environment in pulp. In order to maintain the homeostasis of dental pulp, hypoxia will inevitably induce the defensive reaction. However, this is a complex process and is regulated by numerous factors. In this study, we established an experimental animal model of orthodontic tooth movement to investigate the effects of mechanical force on the expression of VEGF and HIF-1α in dental pulp. Histological analysis of dental pulp and expressions of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins in dental pulp were examined. The results showed that inflammation and vascular changes happened in dental pulp tissue in different periods. Additionally, there were significant changes in the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF proteins under orthodontic force. After application of mechanical load, expression of HIF-1α and VEGF was markedly positive in 1, 3, 7 d, and 2 w groups, and then it weakened in 4 w group. These findings suggested that the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF was enhanced by mechanical force. HIF-1α and VEGF may play an important role in retaining the homeostasis of dental pulp during orthodontic tooth movement. © 2015 Fulan Wei et al. Source

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