Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine

Jinan, China

Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine

Jinan, China
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Liu H.,Shandong University | Liu H.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Liu D.-X.,Shandong University | Liu D.-X.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics | Year: 2010

Introduction: Our objective was to enable accurate miniscrew placement after preoperative simulation. We developed a new template for miniscrew placement and evaluated its accuracy. Methods: Eleven patients who had bimaxillary protrusion were scanned with computed tomography. The 3-dimensional computed tomography data were used to produce, with stereolithography apparatus, a template for accurate miniscrew placement. The interradicular space available for miniscrew placement was calculated in the 3-dimensional images. Postoperative computed tomography images were matched with preoperative images to calculate the deviations between the planned and actual placements. Results: The distance for placement of a miniscrew between 2 roots was 4.12 mm (SD, 0.25 mm; range, 3.7-4.5 mm). The placed miniscrews showed an average angular deviation of 1.2° (SD, 0.43° range, 0.6°-2.41°) compared with the plan, whereas the mean linear distomesial deviation was 0.42mm(SD, 0.13 mm; range, 0.15-0.6 mm) at the tip. Conclusions: The proposed template has high accuracy and will be especially useful for patients who require precise miniscrew placement. Copyright © 2010 by the American Association of Orthodontists.


PubMed | Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine, Shandong University and Qianfoshan Hospital Shandong Province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Mycopathologia | Year: 2015

Candida albicans persisters have so far been observed only in biofilm environment; the biofilm element(s) that trigger(s) persister formation are still unknown. In this study, we tried to further elucidate the possible relationship between C. albicans persisters and the early phases of biofilm formation, especially the surface adhesion phase. Three C. albicans strains were surveyed for the formation of persisters. We tested C. albicans persister formation dynamically at different time points during the process of adhesion and biofilm formation. The number of persister cells was determined based on an assessment of cell viability after amphotericin B treatment and colony-forming unit assay. None of the planktonic cultures contained persisters. Immediately following adhesion of C. albicans cells to the surface, persister cells emerged and the proportion of persisters reached a peak of 0.2-0.69 % in approximately 2-h biofilm. As the biofilm matured, the proportion of persisters decreased and was only 0.01-0.02 % by 24 h, while the number of persisters remained stable with no significant change. Persisters were not detected in the absence of an attachment surface which was pre-coated. Persisters were also absent in biofilms that were scraped to disrupt surface adhesion prior to amphotericin B treatment. These results indicate that C. albicans antifungal-tolerant persisters are produced mainly in surface adhesion phase and surface adhesion is required for the emergence and maintenance of C. albicans persisters.


Yao Q.-W.,Shandong University | Yao Q.-W.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Zhou D.-S.,Heze Municipal Hospital | Peng H.-J.,Shandong Medical Imaging Institute | And 3 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

The objective is to evaluate the association of periodontal disease with the risk of oral cancer. Literature retrieval, selection and assessment, data extraction, and meta-analyses were performed according to the RevMan 5.0 guidelines. In the meta-analysis, we utilized random-effect model to pool the odds ratio (OR) according to the test of heterogeneity. A total of five eligible studies included 1,191 oral cancer patients and 1,992 healthy control subjects were analyzed. By meta-analysis, we found a significant association of periodontal disease with oral cancer [OR=3.53, 95 % CI (1.52-8.23); P=0.003]. Patients with periodontal disease have increased susceptibility to oral cancer. © 2014 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).


Chen J.,Shandong University | Chen J.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Wu G.,Jinan Military General Hospital | Zhu G.,Jinan Military General Hospital | And 4 more authors.
British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 (MKK4) and c-fos in the mandibular condylar cartilage of rats that had been subjected to sleep deprivation. One hundred and twenty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups with 20 in each: sleep deprivation for 2 days, 4 days, 6 days, and 8 days, large-platform controls, and cage controls. After sleep deprivation by the modified multiple platform method the sleep-deprived rats were killed. The large-platform and cage control rats were killed at the same time as the rats deprived of sleep for 8 days. Haematoxylin and eosin were used to record the morphological changes in cartilage, and immunohistochemistry and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to detect the expression of MKK4 and c-fos. Pathological alterations were apparent after 6 and 8 days of sleep deprivation. Compared with control groups, the expression of MKK4 in the sleep-deprived groups was lower, while that of c-fos was higher. As the duration of sleep deprivation increased, the expression of MKK4 decreased. These results indicate that the variation in expression of MKK4 and c-fos may be correlated with pathological changes induced by sleep deprivation in mandibular condylar cartilage in rats. © 2013 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.


Liu D.,Shandong University | Yang P.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Hu D.,University of Sichuan | Liu F.,University of Sichuan
Hua xi kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Huaxi kouqiang yixue zazhi = West China journal of stomatology | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of 2% minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel on the periodontitis in an established rat periodontitis model.METHODS: Biocompatibility was tested by oral perfusion sample solution for long-term observation. Minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel was utilized to treat the established rat periodontitis model. The rats were selected randomly and divided into three groups: group A (PERIO-treated group), group B (minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel treated group), and group C (negative control group). The gingival index (GI) and probing depth (PD) were detected, and the number of mononuclear and broken bone cells were examined after 7, 14, 28, and 56 d.RESULTS: The minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel exhibited excellent biocompatibility based on weight measure and tissue section evaluation. The rats with periodontitis demonstrated that GI, PD, and the number of mononuclear and broken bone cells of group B decreased in 14, 28, and 56 d. Pathological observation showed that new bones and fibers were formed in group B.CONCLUSION: Minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel improves rat periodontitis, thereby providing valuable evidence for clinical application.


Lai Q.-G.,Shandong University | Yuan K.-F.,Shandong University | Xu X.,Shandong University | Xu X.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | And 7 more authors.
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology | Year: 2011

This study was designed to investigate the effects of local delivery of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) with or without osterix (OSX) gene transfected on bone regeneration in the distracted zone using a rabbit model of mandibular lengthening. Fifty-four New Zealand white rabbits underwent osteodistraction of the left mandible and were then randomly divided into group A, group B, and group C (n = 18 for each group). At the end of distraction BMMSCs transfected with OSX, autologous BMMSCs and physiological saline were injected into the distraction gaps in groups A, B, and C, respectively. Nine animals from each group were humanely killed at 2 and 6 weeks after completion of distraction. The distracted mandibles were harvested and processed for radiographic, histological, and immunohistochemical examination. Excellent bone formation in the distracted callus was observed in group A and group B; the former showed better bone formation and highest bone mineral density (BMD), thickness of new trabeculae (TNT, mm) and volumes of the newly formed bone area (NBV) in the distraction zones. Group C animals showed poor bone formation in the distracted callus when compared with groups A and B. Positive immunostaining of bone sialoprotein (BSP) was observed in the distracted callus in all groups; however, BSP expression was much stronger in group A than in groups B and C. The results of this study suggest transplantation of BMMSCs can promote bone formation in DO; OSX-mediated ex vivo gene therapy was more effective during bone deposition and callus formation in distraction osteogenesis. © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.


Zhu Y.,Shandong University | Zhu Y.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Wu G.,Jinan Military General Hospital | Zhu G.,Jinan Military General Hospital | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2014

Aims: The aim of the present study was to observe changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) of rats that had been subjected to chronic sleep restriction and to investigate whether Akt, Bad and Caspase3 play a role in the mechanism underlying the changes. Main methods: One hundred and eighty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 60 in each): cage control group, large-platform control group, and sleep restriction group. Each group was divided into three subgroups (n = 20 in each) of three different time points (7, 14 and 21 days), respectively. The modified multiple platform method was used to induce chronic sleep restriction. The TMJ tissue histology was studied by staining with haematoxylin and eosin. The expression of Akt, p-Aktser473, Bad, p-Badser136 and Caspase3 proteins was detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. The expression of Akt, Bad and Caspase3 mRNAs was measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Key findings: Compared with the large-platform and cage control groups, condylar cartilage pathological alterations were found in the sleep restriction group. There were significantly decreased expression levels of Akt, p-Aktser473 and p-Badser136 and significantly increased expression levels of Bad and Caspase3 after sleep restriction. Significance: These data suggest that sleep restriction may induce pathological alterations in the condylar cartilage of rats. Alterations in Akt, Bad and Caspase3 may be associated with the potential mechanism by which chronic sleep restriction influences the condylar cartilage. © 2014, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of oral science | Year: 2013

Regeneration of periodontal tissue is the most promising method for restoring periodontal structures. To find a suitable bioactive three-dimensional scaffold promoting cell proliferation and differentiation is critical in periodontal tissue engineering. The objective of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of a novel porcine acellular dermal matrix as periodontal tissue scaffolds both in vitro and in vivo. The scaffolds in this study were purified porcine acellular dermal matrix (PADM) and hydroxyapatite-treated PADM (HA-PADM). The biodegradation patterns of the scaffolds were evaluated in vitro. The biocompatibility of the scaffolds in vivo was assessed by implanting them into the sacrospinal muscle of 20 New Zealand white rabbits. The hPDL cells were cultured with PADM or HA-PADM scaffolds for 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days. Cell viability assay, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy were used to evaluate the biocompatibility of the scaffolds. In vitro, both PADM and HA-PADM scaffolds displayed appropriate biodegradation pattern, and also, demonstrated favorable tissue compatibility without tissue necrosis, fibrosis and other abnormal response. The absorbance readings of the WST-1 assay were increased with the time course, suggesting the cell proliferation in the scaffolds. The hPDL cells attaching, spreading and morphology on the surface of the scaffold were visualized by SEM, H&E staining, immnuohistochemistry and confocal microscopy, demonstrated that hPDL cells were able to grow into the HA-PADM scaffolds and the amount of cells were growing up in the course of time. This study proved that HA-PADM scaffold had good biocompatibility in animals in vivo and appropriate biodegrading characteristics in vitro. The hPDL cells were able to proliferate and migrate into the scaffold. These observations may suggest that HA-PADM scaffold is a potential cell carrier for periodontal tissue regeneration.


Li M.,Shandong University | Li M.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Li M.,Hokkaido University | Hasegawa T.,Hokkaido University | And 9 more authors.
Histology and Histopathology | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study was to examine histological alterations on osteoblasts from the alveolar bone of transgenic mice with targeted ablation of osteoctyes. Eighteen weeks-old transgenic mice based on the diphtheria toxin (DT) receptor-mediated cell knockout (TRECK) system were used in these experiments. Mice were injected intraperitoneally with 50 μg/kg of DT in PBS, or only PBS as control. Two weeks after injections, mice were subjected to transcardiac perfusion with 4% paraformaldehyde in 0.1M phosphate buffer (pH 7.4), and the available alveolar bone was removed for histochemical analyses. Approximately 75% of osteocytes from alveolar bones became apoptotic after DT administration, and most osteocytic lacunae became empty. Osteoblastic numbers and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were markedly reduced at the endosteum of alveolar bone after DT administration compared with the control. Osteoblastic ALP activity in the periodontal ligament region, on the other hand, hardly showed any differences between the two groups even though numbers were reduced in the experiment group. Silver impregnation showed a difference in the distribution of bone canaliculi between the portions near the endosteum and the periodontal ligament: the former appeared regularly arranged in contrast to the latter's irregular distribution. Under transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the osteoblasts in the periodontal ligament showed direct contact with the Sharpey's fibers. Thus, osteoblastic activity was affected by osteocyte ablation in general, but osteoblasts in contact with the periodontal ligament were less affected than endosteal osteoblasts.


PubMed | Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cell proliferation | Year: 2014

The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of conservatively treated diseased cementum on in vitro cementoblast differentiation and in vivo cementum-like tissue formation of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs), and observe differential effects of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) on in vivo cementum formation by hPDLCs.Forty-eight cementum slices and 48 dentin slices were prepared from periodontitis compromised teeth, and hPDLCs were inoculated on to all root slices. Twenty-four co-cultured root slices of each group were used for mRNA expression of cementum attachment protein and CEMP1. With application of EMD, 24 co-cultured root slices (divided into groups C, D, C+E, D+E) were transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice. All root fragments were reviewed by histological analysis and immunohistochemical staining for bone sialoprotein.mRNA expressions of cementum attachment protein and cementum protein - 1 from hPDLCs on cementum slices were statistically higher than those of dentin slices. Seven specimens of group C and 10 specimens of group C+E revealed a layer of cementum-like tissue (NFC) on surfaces of pre-existing cementum. NFC was thicker in group C+E than in group C. All NFCs were positively stained for bone sialoprotein, however, there was no NFC formation on dentin slices.Conservatively treated diseased cementum promoted in vitro cementoblast differentiation and in vivo cementum-like tissue formation by hPDLCs, and the in vivo effect was enhanced by the presence of EMD.

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