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Liu D.,Shandong University | Yang P.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Hu D.,University of Sichuan | Liu F.,University of Sichuan
Hua xi kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Huaxi kouqiang yixue zazhi = West China journal of stomatology | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of 2% minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel on the periodontitis in an established rat periodontitis model.METHODS: Biocompatibility was tested by oral perfusion sample solution for long-term observation. Minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel was utilized to treat the established rat periodontitis model. The rats were selected randomly and divided into three groups: group A (PERIO-treated group), group B (minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel treated group), and group C (negative control group). The gingival index (GI) and probing depth (PD) were detected, and the number of mononuclear and broken bone cells were examined after 7, 14, 28, and 56 d.RESULTS: The minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel exhibited excellent biocompatibility based on weight measure and tissue section evaluation. The rats with periodontitis demonstrated that GI, PD, and the number of mononuclear and broken bone cells of group B decreased in 14, 28, and 56 d. Pathological observation showed that new bones and fibers were formed in group B.CONCLUSION: Minocycline hydrochloride liposome controlled-release gel improves rat periodontitis, thereby providing valuable evidence for clinical application. Source


Li M.,Shandong University | Li M.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Li M.,Hokkaido University | Hasegawa T.,Hokkaido University | And 9 more authors.
Histology and Histopathology | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study was to examine histological alterations on osteoblasts from the alveolar bone of transgenic mice with targeted ablation of osteoctyes. Eighteen weeks-old transgenic mice based on the diphtheria toxin (DT) receptor-mediated cell knockout (TRECK) system were used in these experiments. Mice were injected intraperitoneally with 50 μg/kg of DT in PBS, or only PBS as control. Two weeks after injections, mice were subjected to transcardiac perfusion with 4% paraformaldehyde in 0.1M phosphate buffer (pH 7.4), and the available alveolar bone was removed for histochemical analyses. Approximately 75% of osteocytes from alveolar bones became apoptotic after DT administration, and most osteocytic lacunae became empty. Osteoblastic numbers and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were markedly reduced at the endosteum of alveolar bone after DT administration compared with the control. Osteoblastic ALP activity in the periodontal ligament region, on the other hand, hardly showed any differences between the two groups even though numbers were reduced in the experiment group. Silver impregnation showed a difference in the distribution of bone canaliculi between the portions near the endosteum and the periodontal ligament: the former appeared regularly arranged in contrast to the latter's irregular distribution. Under transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the osteoblasts in the periodontal ligament showed direct contact with the Sharpey's fibers. Thus, osteoblastic activity was affected by osteocyte ablation in general, but osteoblasts in contact with the periodontal ligament were less affected than endosteal osteoblasts. Source


Ma C.,Jinan Military General Hospital | Ma C.,Shandong University | Ma C.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Wu G.,Jinan Military General Hospital | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Objectives: To examine the possible involvement and regulatory mechanisms of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) of rats subjected to chronic sleep deprivation (CSD). Methods: Rats were subjected to CSD using the modified multiple platform method (MMPM). The serum levels of corticosterone (CORT) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were tested and histomorphology and ultrastructure of the TMJ were observed. The ERK and phospho-ERK (p-ERK) expression levels were detected by Western blot analysis, and the MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-13 expression levels were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blotting. Results: The elevated serum CORT and ACTH levels confirmed that the rats were under CSD stress. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed pathological alterations in the TMJ following CSD; furthermore, the p-ERK was activated and the mRNA and protein expression levels of MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-13 were upregulated after CSD. In the rats administered with the selective ERK inhibitor U0126, decreased tissue destruction was observed. Phospho-ERK activation was visibly blocked and the MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-13 mRNA and protein levels were lower than the corresponding levels in the CSD without U0126 group. Conclusion: These findings indicate that CSD activates the ERK pathway and upregulates the MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-13 mRNA and protein levels in the TMJ of rats. Thus, CSD induces ERK pathway activation and causes pathological alterations in the TMJ. ERK may be associated with TMJ destruction by promoting the expression of MMPs. © 2014 Ma et al. Source


Chen J.,Shandong University | Chen J.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Wu G.,Jinan Military General Hospital | Zhu G.,Jinan Military General Hospital | And 4 more authors.
British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 (MKK4) and c-fos in the mandibular condylar cartilage of rats that had been subjected to sleep deprivation. One hundred and twenty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups with 20 in each: sleep deprivation for 2 days, 4 days, 6 days, and 8 days, large-platform controls, and cage controls. After sleep deprivation by the modified multiple platform method the sleep-deprived rats were killed. The large-platform and cage control rats were killed at the same time as the rats deprived of sleep for 8 days. Haematoxylin and eosin were used to record the morphological changes in cartilage, and immunohistochemistry and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to detect the expression of MKK4 and c-fos. Pathological alterations were apparent after 6 and 8 days of sleep deprivation. Compared with control groups, the expression of MKK4 in the sleep-deprived groups was lower, while that of c-fos was higher. As the duration of sleep deprivation increased, the expression of MKK4 decreased. These results indicate that the variation in expression of MKK4 and c-fos may be correlated with pathological changes induced by sleep deprivation in mandibular condylar cartilage in rats. © 2013 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Source


Yao Q.-W.,Shandong University | Yao Q.-W.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine | Zhou D.-S.,Heze Municipal Hospital | Peng H.-J.,Shandong Medical Imaging Institute | And 3 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

The objective is to evaluate the association of periodontal disease with the risk of oral cancer. Literature retrieval, selection and assessment, data extraction, and meta-analyses were performed according to the RevMan 5.0 guidelines. In the meta-analysis, we utilized random-effect model to pool the odds ratio (OR) according to the test of heterogeneity. A total of five eligible studies included 1,191 oral cancer patients and 1,992 healthy control subjects were analyzed. By meta-analysis, we found a significant association of periodontal disease with oral cancer [OR=3.53, 95 % CI (1.52-8.23); P=0.003]. Patients with periodontal disease have increased susceptibility to oral cancer. © 2014 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM). Source

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