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Liu X.,Shandong Agricultural University | Liu L.,Shandong Agricultural University | Zhang M.,Shandong Agricultural University | Wang H.,Shandong Agricultural University | And 3 more authors.
Poultry science | Year: 2016

Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is one of major foodborne pathogen that cause human diarrhea by consuming C. jejuni contaminated chicken products. MicroRNAs play an integral role in many different biological processes including bacteria and virus inoculation in chickens. In this study, we identified chicken miRNAs responding to C. jejuni inoculation through Solexa sequencing in the cecum. As a result, four miRNAs were significantly differentially expressed between inoculated and non-inoculated groups. There were 1,114 putative target genes regulated by those differentially expressed miRNAs predicted by miRanda, TargetScan, and miRTarget softwares. Functional analysis of those target genes showed that 113 gene ontology biological process terms and 14 pathways were significantly enriched. Hedgehog signaling pathway may contribute to chicken C. jejuni inoculation. MiR-155 played vital role in the C. jejuni inoculation. The result herein will lay the foundation for the further study of regulatory mechanism of chicken miRNAs in the response to C. jejuni inoculation. © 2016 Poultry Science Association Inc.


Xiao-Ying C.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | Xiao-Ying C.,Shandong Agricultural University | Zhi-Jing X.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | Zhi-Jing X.,Shandong Agricultural University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases | Year: 2011

We isolated three new parvovirus variants in China. The isolate from a blue fox was related to feline parvovirus, but possessed a mutation of VP2 residue A300P. Isolates from a raccoon dog and a masked civet were antigenically similar to canine parvovirus-2a but had a substitution of VP2 residue G300S. © Wildlife Disease Association 2011.


Zhang D.,Shandong Agricultural University | Zhang D.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | Zhang D.,Taian Central Hospital | Xia Q.,Shandong Agricultural University | And 7 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2011

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has recently caused catastrophic losses in swine industry worldwide. The commercial vaccines only provide a limited protection against PRRSV infection. At present, DNA vaccine is the focus on the new vaccines. The gene fragment (p28) coding for the molecular adjuvants complement protein C3d (mC3d) from BALB/c mouse was cloned and expressed as a fusion protein for its application in the vaccine study of mice. Three potential vaccines construct units were engineered to contain two, four and six copies of mC3d-p28 coding gene linked to the GP5 gene of PRRSV and one vaccine expressing GP5 alone (pcDNA3.1-GP5) was constructed. Subsequently, the vaccines' abilities to elicit the humoral and cellular immune responses were investigated in mice. These results showed that significantly enhanced GP5-specific ELISA antibody, GP5-specific neutralizing antibody, IFN-γ level, and IL-4 level, could be induced in mice immunized with DNA construct units encoding the pcDNA3.1-C3d-p28.n-GP5 than those received DNA vaccine expressing GP5 alone (pcDNA3.1-GP5). Analysis of the immunogenicity of different repeats of mC3d-p28 revealed that mC3d-p28 had an enhancing effect on the immunogenicity of antigens, and that six or more repeats of mC3d-p28 may be necessary for efficient enhancement of antigen specific immune responses. This approach may provide a new strategy for the development of efficient vaccines against the PRRSV for pigs in the future. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Gao J.,Shandong Agricultural University | Gao J.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | Chen J.,Shandong Agricultural University | Chen J.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | And 11 more authors.
Virologica Sinica | Year: 2012

To investigate the relationship of the variation of virulence and the external capsid proteins of the pandemic duck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) isolates, the virulence, cross neutralization assays and the complete sequence of the virion protein 1 (VP1) gene of nine virulent DHAV-1 strains, which were isolated from infected ducklings with clinical symptoms in Shandong province of China in 2007-2008, were tested. The fifth generation duck embryo allantoic liquids of the 9 isolates were tested on 12-day-old duck embryos and on 7-day-old ducklings for the median embryonal lethal doses (ELD50s) and the median lethal doses (LD50s), respectively. The results showed that the ELD50s of embryonic duck eggs of the 9 DHAV-1 isolates were between 1.9 × 106/mL to 1.44 × 107/mL, while the LD50s were 2.39 × 105/mL to 6.15 × 106/mL. Cross-neutralization tests revealed that the 9 DHAV-1 isolates were completely neutralized by the standard serum and the hyperimmune sera against the 9 DHAV-1 isolates, respectively. Compared with other virulent, moderate virulent, attenuated vaccine and mild strains, the VP1 genes of the 9 strains shared 89.8%-99.7% similarity at the nucleotide level and 92.4%-99.6% at amino acid level with other DHAV-1 strains. There were three hypervariable regions at the C-terminus (aa 158-160, 180-193 and 205-219) and other variable points in VP1 protein, but which didn't cause virulence of DHAV-1 change. © Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012.


Xiang Q.-W.,Shandong Agricultural University | Xiang Q.-W.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | Wang X.,Shandong Agricultural University | Wang X.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | And 11 more authors.
Veterinary Microbiology | Year: 2012

Duck circovirus (DuCV) is classified in the genus Circovirus of the Circoviridae family. Two major open reading frames (ORFs), encoding the replicase (ORF1/. rep) and the capsid protein (ORF2/. cap), have been recognized for DuCV. Sequence analysis show that another major conserved ORF (named ORF3) is located in the complementary strand of ORF1/. rep of DuCV, and its function remains to be investigated. In this study, the ORF3 of DuCV was expressed in recombinant baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells. By IFA and Western blot analysis, the ORF3 protein was positive for the sera from ducks infected with DuCV. The percentages of apoptotic cells of the Sf9 cells infected with the recombinant baculovirus encoding ORF3 of DuCV were significantly higher than (P< 0.05) that of the Sf9 cells infected with wild-type baculovirus at 24, 48 and 72. h postinfection. Based on our knowledge, we deduced that the ORF3 protein of DuCV might play an important role in viral pathogenesis via its apoptotic activity. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Zhang R.,Shandong Agricultural University | Zhang R.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | Zhou G.,Shandong Agricultural University | Xin Y.,Shandong Agricultural University | And 10 more authors.
Veterinary Microbiology | Year: 2015

Duck virus hepatitis (DVH), mainly caused by duck hepatitis A virus (DHAV), is a severe disease threaten to duck industry and has worldwide distribution. As the major structural protein, the VP1 protein of DHAV is able to induce neutralizing antibody in ducks. In this study, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) 4F8 against the intact DHAV-1 particles was used to identify the possible epitope in the three serotypes of DHAV. The mAb 4F8 had weak neutralizing activities to both DHAV-1 and DHAV-3, and reacted with the conserved linear B-cell epitopes of 75GEIILT80 in DHAV-1 VP1 and 75GEVILT80 in DHAV-3 VP1 protein, respectively, while not with DHAV-2 VP1. This was the first report about identification of the common conserved neutralizing linear B-cell epitope of DHAV-1 and DHAV-3, which will facilitate understanding of the antigenic structure of VP1 and the serologic diagnosis of DHAV infection. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Wang F.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Wang F.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | Qiao Z.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Hu S.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 5 more authors.
Infection and Immunity | Year: 2013

Brucella melitensis causes brucellosis, a disease affecting sheep, cattle, and sometimes humans. Attenuated B. melitensis strain M5-90, derived from virulent strain M28, is widely used as a live vaccine in ruminants in China. Genetic differences between the strains may cast light on the mechanism of attenuation. We recently reported the complete genomic sequences of M28 and M5-90. Genome organization is highly conserved between these isolates, and also with virulent strains 16 M and ATCC 23457. Analysis revealed 23 open reading frames (ORFs) with consistent differences between M5-90 and the virulent strains. Notably, the tuf2 gene encoding translation elongation factor EF-Tu from M5-90 contained 50 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 9 gaps (indels) compared to tuf2 of M28 or of the other virulent strains. There were no changes in tuf1. To evaluate the potential role of EF-Tu in pathogenesis, tuf1 and tuf2 mutants of M28 and an M5-90 strain harboring wild-type tuf2 were constructed, and their virulence/attenuation was evaluated in vivo. We report that the tuf2 gene plays an important role in the attenuation of M5-90 virulence. © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.


Peng L.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | Peng L.,Shandong Agricultural University | Chen C.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention | Chen C.,Shandong Agricultural University | And 12 more authors.
Veterinary Microbiology | Year: 2015

In mid-August 2013, two H9N2 influenza viruses, named A/mink/Shandong/F6/2013 (Mk/SD/F6/13) and A/mink/Shandong/F10/2013 (Mk/SD/F10/13), were isolated from lung samples of 2 of 45 farmed mink exhibiting respiratory signs in mideastern Shandong province, China. The seroprevalence of antibodies to H9N2 in mink was 20% (53/265). Based on sequence analysis, the eight nucleotide sequences showed 99.7-100% identity between Mk/SD/F6/13 and Mk/SD/F10/13. The HA, NP and NS genes of Mk/SD/F6/13 and Mk/SD/F10/13 were close to A/chicken/Zhejiang/329/2011 (H9N2), the NA and PB1 genes to A/duck/Hunan/S4111/2011 (H9N2), the PA and M genes to A/chicken/Shanghai/C1/2012 (H9N2). However, the PB2 genes had a close relationship with A/Turkey/California/189/66 (H9N2). Based on Sialic acid (SA) receptor detection, a range tissues of the mink demonstrated staining for MAA and/or SNA, and mink could serve as an intermediate host for influenza viruses with pandemic potential for the other animals. Experimental infection of mink demonstrated that mink could be infected by H9N2 influenza viruses and presented mild clinical signs, virus shedding and seroconversion, but no animals died of the disease. It implied that mammalian host-adapted avian H9N2 strains infected mink. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Veterinary microbiology | Year: 2012

In 2009, an influenza virus (IV), A/canine/Shandong/JT01/2009 (CA/SD/JT01/09), was isolated from the dog exhibiting respiratory signs in China, and was a novel H5N2. Intraspecies transmission of the virus in dog population had thus far remained unclear. To determine whether the novel H5N2 was transmitted among dogs, we conducted contact exposure and inoculation experiments. Susceptible dogs were housed in the room which the novel H5N2 infected dogs were housed in. As a result, the direct contact resulted in intraspecies transmission. Most of the infected dogs and the sentinel animals developed mild respiratory syndrome, including transient increased body temperatures, conjunctivitis, sneezing, nasal discharge and mild coughing, virus shedding and seroconversion, but no fatal disease. These data suggest that dogs may play a role in transmission and spread of influenza virus.


PubMed | Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Veterinary microbiology | Year: 2012

An influenza virus, A/canine/Shandong/JT01/2009, has been isolated from a dog exhibiting classical flu signs in China. HAI and NAI assays subtyped A/canine/Shandong/JT01/2009 as a H5N2 like virus. Phylogenetic reconstructions indicated strong relationships with viruses from various hosts and dispersed geographic locations. These analyses indicate A/canine/Shandong/JT01/2009 is a novel virus generated by complex reassortment of the viral segments.

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