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Chen Q.,University of Jinan | Chen Q.,Shandong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center For Ecol Carbon Sink And Capture Util | Wang H.,University of Jinan | Wang H.,Shandong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center For Ecol Carbon Sink And Capture Util | And 8 more authors.
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2015

The impacts of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) including single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) on soil microbial biomass and microbial community composition (especially on ammonium oxidizing microorganisms) have been evaluated. The first exposure of CNTs lowered the microbial biomass immediately, but the values recovered to the level of the control at the end of the experiment despite the repeated addition of CNTs. The abundance and diversity of ammonium-oxidizing archaea (AOA) were higher than that of ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) under the exposure of CNTs. The addition of CNTs decreased Shannon-Wiener diversity index of AOB and AOA. Two-way ANOVA analysis showed that CNTs had significant effects on the abundance and diversity of AOB and AOA. Dominant terminal restriction fragments (TRFs) of AOB exhibited a positive relationship with NH4 +, while AOA was on the contrary. It implied that AOB prefer for high-NH4 + soils whereas AOA is favored in low NH4 + soils in the CNT-contaminated soil. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.. Source

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