Jinan, China

Shandong Normal University is a university located in Jinan City, Shandong Province, China. It is one of the earliest institutions of higher learning established in Shandong Province since the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Wikipedia.

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Wang C.Y.,Shandong Normal University
International Journal of Approximate Reasoning | Year: 2017

This paper investigates the topological structures of L-fuzzy rough sets. In particular, the family of lower (resp. upper) sets with respect to an arbitrary L-fuzzy relation is proved to be an Alexandrov L-fuzzy topology. Lower and upper similarity sets of L-fuzzy relations are studied with the transitive closure of L-fuzzy relation to investigate L-fuzzy relations inducing the same Alexandrov L-fuzzy topology by lower and upper sets, respectively. Moreover, the transitive subsets of lower and upper similarity sets of the same L-fuzzy relation coincide with each other, which are shown to be complete distributive lattices. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.

News Article | April 17, 2017
Site: www.eurekalert.org

Owing to its huge volume, the Antarctic ice sheet has the potential to cause a global-scale sea level rise. Not only that, but it is also closely entwined with many important aspects of the earth-atmosphere system, such as the global water cycle, the atmospheric heat cycle, ocean temperature and salinity, and ocean circulation. Thus, Antarctic climate change and ice mass variability have emerged as key issues of concern in many recent studies. However, the accuracy of ice sheet mass balance measurements is currently insufficient, not least because of the sparseness of in situ and satellite measurements over the Antarctic as a results of its harsh environs. Thus, the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS) is a key tool--specifically, for studying precipitation over the region. Moreover, the products generated by AMPS will be used more widely if shown to hold up to careful scrutiny. In this context, i.e., to evaluate the performance of AMPS in terms of precipitation, Yihui Liu--an MSc student at the College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, supervised by Prof. Yetang Wang--analyzed the snow accumulation changes at nine automatic weather stations (AWSs) on the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, from 2008 to 2015. The finding are published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences (Liu et al., 2017). The study found that the number of snow accumulation events varied from one station to another during the study period, thus demonstrating geographic dependence. The interannual variability of snow accumulation was too high to determine its seasonality based on the AWS observations and limited time coverage. Comparison between the AMPS and AWS snow height measurements showed that ~28% of the AWS events were reproduced by AMPS. Furthermore, significant correlation was found between AMPS and AWS coincident event sizes at five stations. The findings suggest that AMPS has a certain ability to represent actual precipitation events.

The tight-binding method is employed to investigate the effects of three typical in-plane electric fields on the electronic structure of a triangular zigzag graphene quantum dot. The calculation shows that the single-electron eigenstates evolute independently in two subspaces no matter how the electric fields change. The electric field with fixed-geometry gates chooses several scattered parts of the zero-energy eigenspace as the new zero-energy eigenstates, regardless of the field strength. Moreover, the new zero-energy eigenstates remain unchanged and the associated levels are linear with the field strength. In contrast, the new nonzero-energy eigenstates mix mutually and the associated levels are nonlinear with the field strength. By comparing the effects of three electric fields, we demonstrate that the degeneracy of the zero-energy eigenstates accounts for the linearity of the associated levels. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Ding M.,Shandong Normal University
American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation | Year: 2012

This focused review summarizes and critically evaluates clinical trial evidence for the effectiveness of Tai Chi as a supportive therapy for stroke rehabilitation. All prospective, controlled clinical trials published in English or Chinese and involving the use of Tai Chi by survivors of stroke were searched in eight electronic databases. Information from the included studies was extracted and synthesized. The methodological quality of all studies was assessed with the Jadad score. Five randomized controlled trials, four in English and one in Chinese, met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. The methodological quality of the trials was moderate (Jadad score, range, 1-4; average score, 2.6). Meta-analysis was not performed because of the heterogeneity of the study conditions and outcome measures. Three studies reported benefits of Tai Chi with respect to improved balance in participants who have had a stroke. Three studies assessed mobility function and reported no improvement after Tai Chi intervention in survivors of stroke. Improvements in quality-of-life and mental health were reported in three trials. This focused review suggests that Tai Chi exercise might be beneficial with respect to balance, quality-of-life, and mental health in survivors of stroke. More rigorous randomized controlled trials are required to determine whether Tai Chi is effective in stroke rehabilitation. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

A sensitive and selective electrochemical method was developed for simultaneous determination of uric acid (UA), xanthine (XA) and hypoxanthine (HX) based on a poly (pyrocatechol violet)/carboxyl functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes composite film modified electrode. The preparation and basic electrochemical performance of the novel composite film modified glassy carbon electrode were investigated in details. The electrochemical behaviors of UA, XA and HX at the modified electrode were studied by cyclic voltammetry. The results showed that this new electrochemical sensor exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of the three analytes. The mechanism of catalysis was discussed. The anodic peaks of the three species were well defined with lowered oxidation potential and enhanced oxidation peak currents, so the modified electrode was used for simultaneous voltammetric measurement of UA, XA and HX by differential pulse voltammetry. Under the optimum conditions, the detection limits were 0.16μmolL -1 for UA, 0.05μmolL -1 for XA and 0.20μmolL -1 for HX, respectively (S/N of 3). The proposed method has been successfully applied to simultaneous determination of UA, XA and HX in human serum samples. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Wu P.,Nanjing University | Wu P.,University of Sichuan | Hou X.,University of Sichuan | Xu J.-J.,Nanjing University | And 2 more authors.
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2014

Electrochemiluminescence (ECL), also referred to as electrogenerated chemiluminescence, is chemiluminescence triggered by electrochemical processes. The combination of chemiluminescence and electrochemistry brings ECL many unique advantages such as rapidity, high sensitivity, and simplified optical setup. As an analytical technique, ECL does not require the use of any external light source. Thus, the attendant problems of scattered light and luminescent impurities are absent, which leads to low optical background noise and high sensitivity for analysis. Fundamentally, the ECL properties and biosensing strategies of QDs should have many relations to the PL of QDs. It was noticed that ECL from QDs in light of their PL properties and PL-based sensing strategies may provide much better understanding of the ECL. However, the critical relationship and difference between ECL and PL of QDs and also the similarities and differences of ECL biosensing schemes as compared to PL sensing strategies still remains unsummarized.

Li N.,Shandong Normal University | Chang C.,Shandong Normal University | Pan W.,Shandong Normal University | Tang B.,Shandong Normal University
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2012

Multidetector: A novel nanoprobe, based on multicolor nanoflares, for the simultaneous detection and imaging of three tumor-related mRNAs in living cells has been developed. The nanoprobe possesses high specificity, nuclease stability, and good biocompatibility. It can also effectively distinguish cancer cells from normal cells and identify changes in the levels of mRNA expression. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Liu Q.-K.,Shandong Normal University | Ma J.-P.,Shandong Normal University | Dong Y.-B.,Shandong Normal University
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2010

A series of reactive group functionalized aromatics, namely 2-furaldehyde, 3-furaldehyde, 2-thenaldehyde, 3-thenaldehyde, o-toluidine, m-toluidine, p-toluidine, and aniline, can be absorbed by a CdL2 (1; L = 4-amino-3,5-bis(4-pyridyl-3-phenyl)-1,2,4-triazole) porous framework in both vapor and liquid phases to generate new Gn⊂CdL2 (n = 1, 2) host-guest complexes. In addition, the CdL2 framework can be a shield to protect the active functional group (- CHO and - NH2) substituted guests from reaction with the outside medium containing their reaction partners. That is, aldehyde-substituted guests within the CdL 2 host become stable in the aniline phase and vice versa. Moreover, 1 displays a very strict selectivity for these reactive group substituted aromatic isomers and can completely separate these guest isomers under mild conditions (i.e., 2-furaldehyde vs 3-furaldehyde, 2-thenaldehyde vs 3-thenaldehyde, and o-toluidine vs m-toluidine vs p-toluidine). All adsorptions and separations are directly performed on the single crystals of 1. More interestingly, these reactive group substituted aromatics readily transform to the corresponding radicals within the CdL2 host upon ambient light or UV light (355 nm) irradiation. Furthermore, the generated organic radicals are alive for 1 month within the interior cavity in air under ambient conditions. Simple organic radicals are highly reactive short-lived species, and they cannot be generally isolated and conserved under ambient conditions. Thus, the CdL2 host herein could be considered as a radical generator and storage vessel. © 2010 American Chemical Society.

Zhu Q.,Ningbo University | Li X.,Shandong Normal University
Fuzzy Sets and Systems | Year: 2012

In this paper, we study a class of stochastic fuzzy delayed Cohen-Grossberg neural networks. Two kinds of stability are discussed in our investigation. One is exponential stability in the mean square and the other is almost sure exponential stability. First, some sufficient conditions are derived to guarantee the exponential stability in the mean square for the considered system based on the Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional, stochastic analysis theory and the Itô's formula as well as the Dynkin formula. Then, we further investigate the almost sure exponential stability by employing the nonnegative semi-martingale convergence theorem. Moreover, we prove that the addressed system is both almost sure exponentially stable and exponentially stable in the mean square under suitable conditions. Finally, three numerical examples are also given to show the effectiveness of the theoretical results. In particular, the simulation figures establish that fuzzy systems do have more advantages than non-fuzzy systems. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Ma J.-P.,Shandong Normal University | Yu Y.,Shandong Normal University | Dong Y.-B.,Shandong Normal University
Chemical Communications | Year: 2012

A new 2D Cu(ii)-MOF generated from a fluorene-based ligand and Cu(NO 3) 2 was reported. It is an interesting visual colorimetric anion sensor. In addition, it can completely separate Cl -/Br -, Br -/I - and SCN -/N 3 - anions under ambient conditions. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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