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Li Y.-J.,Binzhou Medical University | Zhang Y.-X.,Binzhou Medical University | Wang P.-Y.,Binzhou Medical University | Chi Y.-L.,Shandong China Traditional Medical Affiliated Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2012

microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to play a role in cancer. Antisense oligonucleotides can bind directly to miRNAs and block their activity, which are generally named anti-miRNAs. To suppress A549 cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo by anti-miRNAs, an anti-miR-150 expression vector (PR-ASO-150), regulated by the H1 promoter and containing a 'TTTTT' sequence following a hairpin to stop transcription, was constructed. A549 cell proliferation in vitro or in nude mice was observed after PR-ASO-150 treatment. Our results showed that miR-150 expression was inhibited and the growth inhibition rate of A549 cells was higher in the PR-ASO-150-treated group compared with the control, which indicated that PR-ASO-150 could inhibit A549 cell proliferation by regulating miR-150 expression. Following establishment of A549 cancer cell xenografts in nude mice, PR-ASO-150 was delivered intratumorally to investigate the suppressive action to tumor proliferation by regulating miR-150 expression. The results indicate that the tumor volume and weight were lower compared to the control group. Our results further showed that p53 expression was higher after tumor tissue was treated with PR-ASO-150, indicating that up-regulation of p53 contributedto the suppression to tumor growth. Our study provides a novel strategy for cancer therapy through the development of anti-miRNAs.

Zhang C.,Binzhou Medical University | Chi Y.L.,Shandong China Traditional Medical Affiliated Hospital | Wang P.Y.,Binzhou Medical University | Wang Y.Q.,Binzhou Medical University | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

microRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate genes and contribute to many kinds of human diseases, including cancer. Two miRNAs, miR-511 and miR-1297, were investigated for a possible role in adenocarcinoma based on predicted binding sites for the TRIB2 oncogene by microRNA analysis software, and the pcDNA-GFP-TRIB2-3′UTR vector was constructed to investigate the interaction between TRIB2 and miR-511/1297 in the adenocarcinoma cell line A549. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression was estimated by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry after A549 cells were co-transfected with miR-511 (or miR-1297) and pcDNA-GFP-TRIB2-3′UTR vector. The expression of GFP in the miR-511- and miR-1297-treated cells was significantly downregulated in contrast with the negative-control (NC) miRNA-treated cells. The decreased expression of TRIB2 was further detected after miR-511 (or miR-1297) treatment by western blotting. The MTT test showed inhibition of A549 cell proliferation and Annexin V-FITC/PI dual staining showed increased apoptosis in the miR-511- and miR-1297-treated cells compared to the NC cultures. A transcription factor downstream of TRIB2, the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα), was expression at higher levels after miR-511 (or miR-1297) decreasing TRIB2 expression. Our results illustrate that miR-511 and miR-1297 act as tumor suppressor genes, which could suppress A549 cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo by suppressing TRIB2 and further increasing C/EBPα expression. © 2012 Zhang et al.

Wang P.-Y.,Shandong University | Gong H.-T.,Laiyang Central Hospital of Weifang Medical College | Li B.-F.,Shandong China Traditional Medical Affiliated Hospital | Lv C.-L.,Shandong China Traditional Medical Affiliated Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2013

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), present in the serum in a stable and reproducible manner, may be used as biomarkers for various diseases. Few studies have previously investigated circulating miRNAs in the peripheral blood of breast cancer (BC) patients. To identify the role of serum miR-182 levels in BC, the present study detected miR-182 levels in the serum of 46 BC patients and 58 controls, by quantitative PCR. The results showed that the serum miR-182 levels in BC patients were significantly higher compared with the serum of healthy controls (P<0.01). The miR-182 was also overexpressed in the BC tissues compared with the para-carcinoma tissues. Furthermore, the serum levels of miR-182 in the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive patients were considerably lower compared with those in the ER-negative patients. The serum levels of miR-182 in the progesterone receptor (PR)-positive patients were also found to be lower compared with those in the PR-negative patients. The current study highlights results consistent with miR-182 as a novel and valuable biomarker for the diagnosis of BC.

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