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Fan X.,Shandong Academy of Occupational Health and Occupational Medicine 250002 | Yan Y.,Shandong Academy of Occupational Health and Occupational Medicine 250002 | Cai S.,Shandong Academy of Occupational Health and Occupational Medicine 250002 | He Y.,Shandong Academy of Occupational Health and Occupational Medicine 250002 | Zhang M.,Shandong Academy of Occupational Health and Occupational Medicine 250002
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between mRNA expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and manganese neurotoxicity.METHODS: Thirty-one patients with occupational chronic manganese poisoning (case group), as well as 31 controls exposed to the same condition (control group), were included in the study. Whole blood RNA was extracted, and the mRNA expression of MnSOD was measured by RT-PCR; the two groups were compared in terms of the mRNA expression of MnSOD. PC12 cells were treated with 0, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, and 1000 ümol/L MnCl₂ for l, 2, 3, and 4 d; the cell viability was determined by MTT assay, and the mRNA expression of MnSOD was measured by RT-PCR.RESULTS: The case group had significantly lower mRNA expression of MnSOD than the control group (0.390 ± 0.080 vs 0.582 ± 0.219, P < 0.05). MnCl2 had a toxic effect on PC12 cells; the concentration of MnCl₂ was positively correlated with the toxic effect but negatively correlated with the mRNA expression of MnSOD.CONCLUSION: MnSOD mRNA may be involved in the manganese-induced damage of nerve cells. It is hypothesized that high mRNA expression of MnSOD may play an inhibitory effect on manganese neurotoxicity.

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