Asgher M.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad |
Mukhtar K.,Shakargnaj Mills Ltd |
Mukhtar K.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad |
Afghan S.,Shakargnaj Mills Ltd |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology | Year: 2010
Two commercial strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saf-Instant (Baker's yeast) and Ethanol red (Mutant) were compared for ethanol production during hot summer season, using molasses diluted up to 6-7′ Brix containing 4%-5% sugars. The yeasts were propagated in fermentation vessels to study the effects of yeast cell count and varying concentrations of Urea, DAP, inoculum size and Lactrol (Antibiotic). Continuous circulation of mash was maintained for 24 hours and after this fermenter was allowed to stay for a period of 16 hours to give time for maximum conversion of sugars into ethanol. Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain (Saf-instant) with cell concentration of 400 millions/mL at molasses sugar level of 13%-15% (pH 4.6±0.2, Temp. 32 °C±1), inoculum size of 25% (v/v), urea concentration, 150ppm, DAP, 53.4ppm and Lactrol,150ppm supported maximum ethanol production (8.8) with YP/S=250L ethanol per tone molasses (96.5% yield), and had significantly lower concentrations of byproducts. By selecting higher ethanol yielding yeast strain and optimizing the fermentation parameters both yield and economics of the fermentation process can be improved. Copyright © 2010 K. Mukhtar et al.