Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Yazd, Iran

Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical science and Health Services is a medical school in Yazd Province of Iran.Located in center of Iran in the city of Yazd, the university was established in 1983, and fell under the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 1986.The university offers degrees in 24 fields in medicine including residencies and fellowships, and administers 9 hospitals and over 90 clinics throughout the city and province of Yazd. Wikipedia.

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Mohammadi M.,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences | Mirzaei M.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Tehran University Medical Journal | Year: 2017

Background: Hypertension is one of the most important chronic illness worldwide and one the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Obesity and abdominal obesity are risk factors for high blood pressure. Population attributable fraction (PAF) answers the question of how much of the disease burden in a certain population may be reduced if a risk factor like obesity is removed from the population. It implies that reducing prevalence of obesity as a risk factor of hypertension, may reduce the burden of hypertension and its consequences. The aim of this study was to determine the population attributable fraction of hypertension associated with obesity, abdominal obesity and joint effect of them in the men of Mazandaran Province, North of Iran. Methods: In this epidemiological study, the data of non-communicable disease surveillance system in 2009 has been achieved. Then measure of association between obesity and hypertension (Odds Ratio) was extracted from Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). After standardizing the data, the population attributable risk for men based on the above formula (Levin's attributable fraction formula) has been calculated. Results: In our study based on population attributable fraction, results in blood pressure caused by obesity were 14.5 (CI 95%: 10.7-17.2), the effect of abdominal obesity was 7.4 (CI 95%: 2.04-11.3) and deductions attributable joint effect both obesity and abdominal obesity was 22.6 (CI 95%: 9.7-25.6) respectively. Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of hypertension and obesity in Mazandaran men and the impact of obesity on blood pressure is necessary to prevent the spread of the disease. It is recommended that health promotion programs focus on men with high blood pressure due to obesity could be performed. © 2017, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Kazemeini S.K.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services | Emtiazy M.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services | Owlia F.,University of Yazd | Khani P.,University of Yazd
International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine | Year: 2017

Infertility is one of the most important reproductive health concerns in the conventional medicine. Iranian traditional medicine presents different viewpoints in this regard which they could be of benefit and a good guide for the society of medicine. This study sought to provide the comprehensive investigation on the causes of infertility according to Iranian traditional medicine for understanding of old sages' ideas and categorizing of the causes of infertility. In this narrative review, we searched causes of infertility in traditional medicine books and available articles in this field. Iranian traditional physicians have investigated the causes of infertility in couples and attributed them to male and female causes. They have divided the main causes of infertility in both sexes into structural and functional abnormalities, that both traditional medicine and conventional medicine have a lot of participations, but the traditional medicine believes holistic approach in the treatment of diseases and the involvement of all parts of the body particularly specialty board members (heart, liver, brain, ovary, and testicles) in the proper conduct activities in different parts of the body such as reproduction system. There is also special attention to temperament Mizaj disorders. Given the numerous commonalities existing between traditional and conventional medicine in categorizing the causes of infertility, Iranian traditional medicine methods can be applied as a complementary solution in infertility. It could be also subject to further research and investigation due to its opposition to modern medicine in some regards. © 2017, Research and Clinical Center for Infertitlity. All rights reserved.

Karamati M.,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences | Jessri M.,University of Alberta | Shariati-Bafghi S.-E.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services | Rashidkhani B.,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Calcified Tissue International | Year: 2012

The association of dietary patterns and bone health is not yet well known, and findings from the rare previous studies conducted on this issue are contradictory. We assessed the dietary patterns in relation to bone mineral density (BMD) in a sample of menopausal Iranian women. In this cross-sectional study, 160 menopausal women aged 50-85 were studied and their femoral neck and lumbar spine BMDs were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Dietary intakes were assessed with a validated 168-item food frequency questionnaire, and dietary patterns were identified by a principal component factor analysis method. Overall, six dietary patterns emerged, two of which had a significant association with BMD. After adjusting for potential confounders, women who had higher scores for the first (high in high-fat dairy products, organ meats, red or processed meats and nonrefined cereals) and the second (high in French fries, mayonnaise, sweets and desserts and vegetable oils) dietary patterns we identified were more likely to have BMD below the median in the lumbar spine (odds ratio 2.29; 95 % confidence interval 1.05-4.96; p = 0.04) and the femoral neck (odds ratio 2.83, 95 % confidence interval 1.31-6.09; p < 0.01), respectively, compared to women with lower scores. Dietary patterns abundant in foods with high content of saturated fatty acids (similar to factor 1) or with low density of nutrients (similar to factor 2) are detrimental to bone health in menopausal Iranian women. These findings highlight the importance of proper food selection for maintaining bone health. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Eftekhar M.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services | Rahmani E.,Bushehr University of Medical Sciences | Pourmasumi S.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: Frozen embryo transfer (FET) is one of the most important supplementary procedures in the treatment of infertile couples. While general information concerning the outcome of fresh embryo transfer has been documented, paucity of investigations has addressed the clinical factors influenced on pregnancy rates in FET.Objective: In this study, we performed a retrospective analysis of clinical factors that potentially influence the outcome of FET.Materials and Methods: We reviewed the data from 372 women who were subjected to FET registered from April 2009-2011 at the Research and clinical center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. Baseline data and pregnancy rate were collected. The data were analyzed statistically using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov, and Mann-Whitney tests.Results: The clinical pregnancy rate was 57.7 and 29.2% in women <35 years old, and women >35 years old, respectively (p<0.0001). Clinical pregnancy rates in women with FSH <10 IU/ml, and FSH >10 IU/ml were 56.3% and 17.5%, respectively (p<0.0001). Whereas the other clinical parameters consist of reason of fetus freezing, primary IVF protocol, IVF procedure, endometrial thickness, treatment duration to fetal transfer found to be unrelated to FET outcomes (p>0.05).Conclusion: Female age and basal FSH level are the most important factors influencing the clinical pregnancy rate following FET. © 2014, Research and Clinical Center for Infertitlity. All Rights reserved.

Miratashi S.A.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Nepalese journal of ophthalmology : a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal of the Nepal Ophthalmic Society : NEPJOPH | Year: 2012

To evaluate hemodynamic effects of intraocular epinephrine irrigation in patients undergoing cataract surgery. This study was conducted as a prospective double blinded clinical trial at the Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. Eighty-eight patients of age 38-90 years undergoing were randomly allocated into two groups: Group E received intraocular irrigation fluid (balanced salt solution) with epinephrine 1:1000, 000, and group C received intraocular irrigation fluid (balanced salt solution) without epinephrine. Heart rate (HR), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP) were measured before and at 5, 10, 15 minutes after starting intraocular infusion of epinephrine1:1000, 000 in both groups. HR and SBP were similar in the two groups at different time intervals. DBP was decreased at 5 minutes after epinephrine administration in the epinephrine group and increased at 10 and 15 minutes but there was no significant differences between the two groups. Intraocular infusion of epinephrine 1:1,000,000 can be used during cataract surgery without hemodynamic side effects and so is a safe and effective method for this purpose. © NEPjOPH.

Yassaei S.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
International journal of orthodontics (Milwaukee, Wis.) | Year: 2012

Because stability is known as the fundamental key of the successful outcome of orthodontics treatment, this study investigated the stability of tongue, hyoid bone and airway dimensions at least two years after active treatment with Faramand functional appliance in patients with class II div 1 malocclusion. Conclusion: The present findings indicate that treatment with functional appliance has the potential to increase pharyngeal airway dimensions and changes in tongue and hyoid position. Importantly, these achieved changes seemed to be maintained in long-term, up to 4 years on average.

Yassaei S.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services | Mehrgerdy Z.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services | Zareshahi G.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Community Dental Health | Year: 2010

Objective: To determine the prevalence of cleft lip and palate in births taking place in hospitals in the Yazd province, Iran. Method: The records of 65,236 live births delivered at 12 hospitals in Yazd province, including Yazd city and four cities of the states, over a four year period from 2003 to 2006 were examined. Results: Fifty six cases of cleft lip and palate were found, a prevalence of 0.86 per 1,000. Among the fifty six cases, there were seventeen cases (30.4%) of isolated cleft palate; thirteen cases (23.2%) of cleft lip and twenty six cases (46.4%) of cleft lip and palate. No statistically significant difference in the occurrence of cleft lip and palate were observed by the season of the birth, gender of newborn or maternal age. In regard to type of cleft, the prevalence of isolated cleft palate was higher in females than in males (p=0.04). The prevalence of cleft lip was higher in summer than other seasons (p=0.01). Conclusion: The prevalence of cleft lip and palate among live births in Yazd is 0.86 per 1,000 births, that is 1 per 1,163 births. © BASCD 2010.

Firoozabadi M.A.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

A healthy skeletal system with strong bones is essential to overall health and quality of life. Skeletal system being the framework of the human body, any problem affecting it can bring about great changes in the functioning of body systems. Bone and joint disorders are common and represent a major burden on health economics costs. For example, osteoporosis and related fractures are the leading cause of hospital admission in women over the age of 50 years, and >80% of adults over 55 years of age will suffer from osteoarthritis. Treatments of some metabolic disorders have been greatly improved by an increased understanding of bone and joint biology that has been facilitated by advances in unraveling underlying genetic contributions. The features of Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD) include decreased linear growth, skeletal deformity, radiological changes such as osteopenia, fractures and changes of rickets, and biochemical abnormalities such as raised alkaline phosphatase, hypophosphatemia and hypocalcemia. These interactions between bone and joint biology, physiology and genetics have also greatly enhanced the understanding of normal bone function as well as the molecular pathogenesis of metabolic bone disorders. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.

Fallah F.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Global journal of health science | Year: 2015

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a disease characterized by an elevation in pulmonary artery pressure that can lead to right ventricular failure and death. The pulmonary circulation has to accommodate the entire cardiac output in each cardiac cycle and evolution has adapted to this by making it a low-pressure high-flow system. However, pathology can affect both the arterial and venous components of this system. Pulmonary venous hypertension mainly refers to diseases that result in elevated venous pressure and occurs mainly from mitral valve and left-sided heart disease. Standard treatment options include oral anticoagulation, diuretics, oxygen supplementation, and for a small percentage of patients, calcium channel blockers. Newer treatments include prostacyclin analogues, endothelin receptor antagonists, and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors. This article reviews the current treatments strategies for PAH and provides guidelines for its management.

Shiryazdi S.M.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services | Kholasehzadeh G.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services | Neamatzadeh H.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services | Kargar S.,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014

Background: Breast cancer is a serious health problem. Early detection is crucial for optimal treatment and reducing mortality. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate health beliefs concerning performance of breast self- examination (BSE) and mammography in a sample of Iranian female health workers. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed among 441 female health care workers (physicians = 88, nurses = 163, midwives = 38, officers = 68, and others = 84) in 3 different health centers in Yazd, Iran. Data were collected using a self administered questionnaire which included demographic characteristics and thenPersian version of the Champion's Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS). Results: The mean age of the participants was 34.7±13.7. It was found that 41.9% of the workers performed BSE in the past and 14.9% of them regularly, but only 10.6% of them had undergone a mammogram. Perceived barriers to BSE (F = 6.351, P = 0.021) and mammography (F = 5.214, p = 0.022) were significantly higher in officers than physicians, nurses or midwives. Perceived barriers were lower among those who had performed BSE and mammography, but not significant (p = 0.34 and p = 0.56, respectively). Furthermore, perceived susceptibility and perceived benefits of the workers who had BSE and mammography were significantly higher than who did not (p < 0.05). Perceived seriousness was not a significant variable in BSE and mammography (p = 0.71 and p = 0.43, respectively). Conclusions: The health beliefs of health workers concerning the perceived susceptibility of breast cancer and the perceived benefits BSE and mammography significantly impact their screening practices.

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