Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
Tabriz, Iran

Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, , , commonly called only Azarbaijan University, is a public university located near Tabriz, East Azarbaijan Province, Iran, founded in 1987. The university provides bachelor, master, and doctoral education to about 7.500 students at a wide range of fields of study such as engineering, basic scienses, literature and theology. Wikipedia.

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Kheirfam B.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
Fundamenta Informaticae | Year: 2016

In this paper, we propose an arc-search infeasible interior point algorithm for symmetric optimization using the negative infinity neighborhood of the central path. The algorithm searches the optimizers along the ellipses that approximate the entire central path. The convergence of the algorithm is shown for the set of commutative scaling class, which includes some of the most interesting choice of scalings such as xs, sx and the Nesterov-Todd scalings. © IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Ayazi Z.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
Analyst | Year: 2017

This paper presents a comprehensive review concerning the recent trends for the preparation of nanocomposites (NCs) and their applications in microextraction techniques. NCs are defined as organic-inorganic hybrid materials in which at least one dimension of one component is less than 100 nm. Numerous synthesis routes have been introduced to prepare NCs in recent years. This review provides a general overview regarding the present progress and new applications of NCs toward their synthesis and use in microextraction techniques, including solid-phase microextraction, stir bar sorptive extraction, and needle trap extraction, among others. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Darabi F.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan | Mousavi M.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2016

In a Friedmann–Robertson–Walker (FRW) space–time background we study the classical cosmological models in the context of recently proposed theory of nonlinear minimal massive bigravity. We show that in the presence of perfect fluid the classical field equations acquire contribution from the massive graviton as a cosmological term which is positive or negative depending on the dynamical competition between two scale factors of bigravity metrics. We obtain the classical field equations for flat and open universes in the ordinary and Schutz representation of perfect fluid. Focusing on the Schutz representation for flat universe, we find classical solutions exhibiting singularities at early universe with vacuum equation of state. Then, in the Schutz representation, we study the quantum cosmology for flat universe and derive the Schrodinger–Wheeler–DeWitt equation. We find its exact and wave packet solutions and discuss on their properties to show that the initial singularity in the classical solutions can be avoided by quantum cosmology. Similar to the study of Hartle–Hawking no-boundary proposal in the quantum cosmology of de Rham, Gabadadze and Tolley (dRGT) massive gravity, it turns out that the mass of graviton predicted by quantum cosmology of the minimal massive bigravity is large at early universe. This is in agreement with the fact that at early universe the cosmological constant should be large. © 2016 The Author(s)

Habibi B.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2013

Palladium nanoparticles were fabricated on the aluminum electrode (Pd/Al) by electrodeposition method through a single step potential from an aqueous solution of 1 mM Pd(NH3)4Cl2. The electrochemical and physical characteristics of the Pd/Al were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) method. Electrochemical measurements in acidic solution indicate that Pd/Al exhibits significantly high electrochemical active surface area (18.32 cm2) with respect to Pd-Al (2.1 cm2) (electroless deposited) and bare Pd (0.28 cm2) electrodes. SEM images and XRD results show that the Pd particles are homogeneously deposited on the surface Al substrate in nanoparticles size between 30 and 50 nm with maximum Pd (111) plane at 2θ angles about of 39°. The Pd/Al was used as electrocatalyst for the oxidation of formic acid (FA) in 0.1 M H2SO4 solution. The cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry results show that the obtained electrocatalyst, Pd/Al, exhibits high catalytic activity and stability for the electrooxidation of FA. On the other hand, the Pd/Al electrocatalyst has higher catalytic activity for FA oxidation than the comparative Pd-Al and bare Pd electrodes and shows great potential as less expensive electrocatalyst for FA oxidation in direct formic acid fuel cells. Crown Copyright © 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Mokhberdoran A.,University of Porto | Ajami A.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics | Year: 2014

Nowadays, use of multilevel inverters in high-power applications clearly can be seen. High quality and lower distortion of the output voltage and low blocking voltage of semiconductor switches are being presented as the major privileges of the multilevel inverter compared to the traditional voltage source inverter. In this paper, a new topology of multilevel inverter is proposed as fundamental block. The proposed topology is generalized using series connection of the fundamental blocks. The proposed multilevel inverter has been analyzed in both symmetric and asymmetric operation modes. A great perfection in voltage levels number with minimum switching devices has been obtained in both symmetric and asymmetric modes. Thereafter, a detailed study of losses and peak inverse voltage (PIV) of the proposed multilevel inverter is given. Also, in continuation, a comparison between the proposed topology and the traditional one and a recently developed topology is carried out. Finally, a computer simulation using MATLAB/Simulink is presented and a laboratory prototype implementation verifies the results. © 2014 IEEE.

Atazadeh K.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan | Darabi F.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2015

We study the stability of Einstein static Universe, with FLRW metric, by considering linear homogeneous perturbations in the kinetic coupled gravity. By taking linear homogeneous perturbations, we find that the stability of Einstein static Universe, in the kinetic coupled gravity with quadratic scalar field potential, for closed (K=1) isotropic and homogeneous FLRW Universe depends on the coupling parameters κ and ε. Specifically, for κ=LP2 and ε=1 we find that the stability condition imposes the inequality a0>3LP on the initial size a0 of the closed Einstein static Universe before the inflation. Such inequality asserts that the initial size of the Einstein static Universe must be greater than the Planck length LP, in consistency with the quantum gravity and quantum cosmology requirements. In this way, we have determined the non-minimal coupling parameter κ in the context of Einstein static Universe. Such a very small parameter is favored in the inflationary models constructed in the kinetic coupled gravity. We have also studied the stability against the vector and tensor perturbations and discussed on the acceptable values of the equation of state parameter. © 2015 The Authors.

Razmi H.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan | Mohammad-Rezaei R.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2013

Graphene quantum dots (GQD) were introduced as a novel and suitable substrate for enzyme immobilization. Glucose oxidase (GOx) was immobilized on GQD modified carbon ceramic electrode (CCE) and well-defined quasi-reversible redox peaks were observed. The UV-vis photoluminescence spectroscopy, transition electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry techniques were used for characterizing the electrochemical biosensor. The electron transfer coefficient (α) and the heterogeneous electron transfer rate constant (ks) for redox reaction of GOx were found to be 0.48 and 1.12s-1, respectively. The developed biosensor responds efficiently to glucose presence over the concentration range 5-1270μM with the detection limit 1.73μM (S/N=3) and sensitivity 0.085μAμM-1cm-2. The high value of surface coverage GOx-GQD|CCE (1.8×10-9mol/cm2) and the small value of Michaelis-Menten constant (0.76mM) confirmed an excellent loading of the enzyme and a high affinity of biosensor to glucose. High performance of the biosensor is attributed to the large surface-to-volume ratio, excellent biocompatibility of GQD, porosity of GQD|CCE, and the abundance of hydrophilic edges as well as hydrophobic plane in GQD which enhances the enzyme absorption on the electrode surface. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Atazadeh K.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics | Year: 2014

The existence and stability of the Einstein static solution have been built in the Einstein-Cartan gravity. We show that this solution in the presence of perfect fluid with spin density satisfying the Weyssenhoff restriction is cyclically stable around a center equilibrium point. Thus, study of this solution is interesting because it supports non-singular emergent cosmological models in which the early universe oscillates indeterminately about an initial Einstein static solution and is thus past eternal. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl.

Aalipour R.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2014

Spectral singularities are spectral points of non-Hermitian Hamiltonians with the real energies, that annihilate the completeness of the eigenfunctions. The complex PT-symmetric potentials with real spectrum have such Hamiltonians. It was identified that the spectral singularities of complex potentials such as an optical gain medium correspond to zero-width resonance modes of the reflected and transmitted beams from the medium. We show that a Fabry-Perot resonator with a gain medium under inclined incident beam exhibits spectral singularities that are measurable by changing the incident angle of the beam to the resonator. The results are realized by theory and simulations. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Akbari-Moghanjoughi M.,Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan
Journal of Plasma Physics | Year: 2013

By investigating the dielectric response of the Fermi-Dirac plasma in the linear limit and evaluating the electrostatic potential around the positive stationary test charge, we find that the Shukla-Eliasson attractive force is present for the plasma density range expected in the interiors of large planets for a wide range of plasma atomic number. This research, which is based on the generalized electron Fermi-momentum, further confirms the existence of the newly discovered Lennard-Jones-like attractive potential and its inevitable role in plasma crystallization in the cores of planets. Moreover, it is observed that the characteristics of the attractive potential are strongly sensitive to the variation of plasma density and composition. Current research can also have applications in the study of strong laser-matter interactions and inertially confined plasmas. © Cambridge University Press 2012.

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