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Karachi, Pakistan

Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology , is a private research university located with multiple campuses in the residential and commercial areas of Pakistan as well as UAE. Its main campus, however, is located in the residential town of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.Founded in 1995 with an efforts led by its founder Benazir Bhutto, the university is honored and named in the remembrance of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Financial endowment and research funding are coordinated by the leadership of the PPP. The university offers undergraduate, post-graduate and doctoral studies in various academic programmes. It is the member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities of the United Kingdom as well as the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business and among other international education associations. It is regarded as one of the notable private research institution of higher learning in the country and ranked among top-ten institution by the HEC, as of 2013.In addition, its business management programme is notably listed in top ranking by the Business Week and ranked among noticeable science institution by the CNN & Time and Asiaweek. The university is identified as a major and one of the largest private universities in the country as an area-wise by the HEC. Wikipedia.


Bano S.,Pharmaceutical Research Center | Qader S.A.U.,University of Karachi | Aman A.,University of Karachi | Syed M.N.,Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology | Durrani K.,Pharmaceutical Research Center
Carbohydrate Polymers | Year: 2013

Sugarcane bagasse is a cheap carbon source for endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase production as it is easily available as by-product from sugar industries. Fermentation conditions for endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase production by Bacillus subtilis KIBGE HAS were optimized by using un-treated sugarcane bagasse for induction of endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase and it was found that 2.0 g% bagasse in fermentation medium induced maximum endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase production. It was also found that when sugarcane bagasse was supplemented with different carbon sources, the results showed that lactose, xylose, maltose and sucrose favored endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase production, whereas cellobiose and fructose inhibit enzyme production. Maximum endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase production was obtained at 40 °C keeping the initial pH of the medium at 7.0 before sterilization. Maximum endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase production was obtained after 48 h incubation. Among different nitrogen sources, ammonium nitrate enhanced endo-1,4-β-d-glucanase production. The optimal temperature and pH for enzyme activity were 60 °C and 7.0, respectively. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Habib M.,Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology | Ahmad M.,National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences
2nd International Conference on Communication Software and Networks, ICCSN 2010 | Year: 2010

The future for WiMAX-based mobile wireless access is so bright. With the increasing popularity of WiMAX, it is gaining a great position in the next generation of wireless networks. Due to the evolution of new technologies wireless is not secured as like others networking technologies. On the other side the trend is towards converged network in which the same networking infrastructure is used for both data and voice transmission. A lot of security concerns are needed to secure a converged network. This paper aims to review the study of WiMAX and converged network and security considerations for both the technologies. WiMAX security in converged network is studied. The security threats that can occur in converged network to WiMAX and countermeasures that can be taken against these threats are reviewed. © 2010 IEEE. Source


Khan S.,University of Karachi | Saeed B.,Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology | Kauser N.,University of Karachi
Pakistan Journal of Botany | Year: 2011

A simple and routine method for the analysis of tissue culture-derived banana plants for somaclonal variations is a prerequisite for precise monitoring of quality control during rapid mass micropropagation. This study reports on the use of RAPD-PCR and SSR for the detection of genetic variations in micropropagated banana plants. Thirteen varieties of the cultivated banana, procured from INIBAP, Belgium, were screened using RAPD-DNA markers. Only three RAPD primers (among 20 tested) were chosen as producing polymorphic DNA bands differentiating the investigated cultivars. Based on those identity markers, the genetic fidelity between various subculture levels were determined. Although minor morphological variations were recorded in the leaves of some clones, the developed RAPD and SSR profiles of different micropropagated clones were typical to that of the donor mother plants up till eight subculture levels. Source


Massan S.-U.-R.,Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology | Wagan A.I.,University of Karachi | Shaikh M.M.,Mehran University of Engineering and Technology | Abro R.,Institute of Industrial Electronics Engineering
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2015

Traditionally energy has been a burning issue of mankind, however, this trend has changed with the advent of clean technologies such as wind power. It is common knowledge that wind turbines need to be installed in an open, unobstructed area to obtain the maximal power output. This document attempts to solve the problem of optimization of the layout of large wind farms by the use of nature inspired algorithms. Particular reference is made to the use of the .re.y algorithm. A good comparison is made with the past approaches of the use of spread sheets and GA's for optimization. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Shehzad R.,Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology | Khan M.N.A.,Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology
International Journal of Software Engineering and its Applications | Year: 2013

Knowledge Management (KM), either in a tacit or explicit form, plays an important role in decision making. Business Intelligence (BI) has acquired significant importance in the business world due to the recent technological advancements and availability of state-of-the-art software tools. Presently, most of the organizations across the globe are adopting BI solutions to promote business, retain customers, earn maximum profits, reduce recurring expenditures, etc. KM, on the other hand, has not gained significant acknowledgement from an implementation perspective. Moreover, the effect of BI on KM and vice versa is rarely observed. In this paper, we propose a model where KM and BI can benefit from each other. Since both of the said fields have a wide range of features, the proposed model is based on specific features. For that purpose, we have identified a number of Critical Success Factors (CSFs) related to both BI and KM technologies reported in contemporary research. Afterwards, we have drawn a comparison pertinent to the effectiveness of these CSFs with the similar research studies. The comparison shows that our model that combines both BI and KM technologies is more useful as compared to their individual utilization. Source

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