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Karne A.V.,Shahajiraje Mahavidyalaya
Nature Environment and Pollution Technology | Year: 2011

The present investigation was carried out to understand the qualitative and quantitative incidence of fungal aerobiopollutants over maize. Environmental monitoring was carried out by operating continuous volumetric Tilak air sampler, which gave continuous air sampling for atmospheric aerobiopollutants. Apart from dust particles, altogether 44 types of aerobiopollutants were trapped in the sampler of which 39 belonged to fungal spore types. From these, 25 belonged to Deuteromycotina, 9 to Ascomycotina, 2 to Basidiomycotina, 2 to Mastigomycotina and 1 to Zygomycotina, while remaining 5 types belonged to non-fungal spore groups of othertypes. Aerobiopollutants obtained peak in the month of February with 29582/m 3 of airand 37.7 spore percentages, when there was a record of 4.6 mm rainfall, average temperature of 21.3°C and 54.6% relative humidity. The pathogenic and allergenic nature of aerobiopollutants is discussed, and influence of meteorological parameters on these spore types is presented in this paper. Source


Hogale K.R.,R. P. Mahavidyalaya | Karne A.V.,Shahajiraje Mahavidyalaya | Patil B.D.,S G M College
Nature Environment and Pollution Technology | Year: 2012

The fungal spore incidence inside a working library was recorded by operating RotorodAir Sampler for a period of threemonths.Apart fromdust particles, altogether 47 type of biopollutants were identified of which 42 belonged to fungal spore types and remaining 5 types belonged to group 'other types'.Out of the total 42 fungal spores, 29 belonged to Deuteromycotina, 8 to Ascomycotina, 3 to Basidiomycotina and 2 to Zygomycotina. The spore types of Cladosporium (26.21%),Aspergilli + Penicilli (22.32%), Mucor +Rhizopus (4.92%), Alternaria (4.42%), Curvularia (3.22%), Nigrospora (2.84%), hyaline threads (2.57%), Leptosphaeria (2.24%), rust spores (2.04%) and Torula (2.02%) were found to occur in a relatively higher concentration. Biopollutants obtained peak in themonth of September (34070/m3 of air) with 43.8 spore percentage, when there was a record of 46.7mmrainfall, averagemean temperature of 24.5°Cand relative humidity of 86.2%. The significance of fungal spore types recorded as biodeteriogens and aeroallergens was considered. The daily temperature, relative humidity and rainfall was recorded and the effect of prevailing weather on the incidence of fungal airspora is reported in this paper. Source


Karne A.V.,Shahajiraje Mahavidyalaya
Nature Environment and Pollution Technology | Year: 2015

The present investigation was undertaken to understand the incidence of various biocomponents over jowar (Sorghum vulgare) field, wheat field, groundnut field and maize field. Environmental monitoring was carried out by operating continuous volumetric Tilak Air Sampler for 4 consecutive Rabi seasons, for the first time in this unexplored locality. Apart from dust particles and fungal bio-aerosols, remaining 5 biocomponents are reported in this paper which belonged to the group 'Other types', comprising of hypha fragments, insect scales (parts), pollen grains, trichomes (hairs) and unidentified fungal spores. From the various crop fields studied, these bio components contributed highest (15.8%) over wheat field and lowest (9.4%) over maize field to the total airspora. Airborne biocomponents obtained peak in the month of November over wheat field (17.8%) and groundnut field (16.6%), when there was a record of 22.5°C and 21.8°C mean temperature, 54.4% and 56.7% mean relative humidity and 10.4 mm and 14.5 mm rainfall respectively. Similar peak was obtained in the air over jowar field (11.6%) and maize field (11.3%) in the month of March, when there was a record of 30.6°C and 30.1°C mean temperature, 42.4% and 42.2% mean relative humidity and nil record of rainfall. Allergenic nature of hyphal fragments, insect scales and pollen grains causing allergy and allergenic ailments in human health hazards is also presented in this paper. © 2015, Technoscience Publications. All rights reserved. Source


Karne A.V.,Shahajiraje Mahavidyalaya
Pollution Research | Year: 2013

The present investigation was undertaken to understand the incidence of different fungal bioaerosols in the atmosphere over Wheat fields during Rabi Season by operating Volumetric Tilak Air Sampler. Altogether, 50 types of bioaerosols were identified of which 45 belonged to fungal spore origin and remaining 5 types belonged to group Other types. Out of the total 45 types, 27 belonged to Deuteromycotina, 11 to Ascomycotina, 3 to Basidiomycotina, 2 to Zygomycotina and 2 to Mastigomycotina. Bioaerosols obtained peak in the month of February with 34174/m3 of air and 25.9 spore percentage, when there was record of 24.6°C mean temperature, 51.8% mean relative humidity and 3.5mm rainfall. The allergenic and pathogenic nature of bioaerosols is discussed and the effect of prevailing meteorological parameters on these bioaerosols is presented in this paper. Copyright © EM International. Source


Karne A.V.,Shahajiraje Mahavidyalaya
Pollution Research | Year: 2015

Environmental monitoring was carried out to understand the incidence of fungal biopollutants over Jowar fields by operating continuous Volumetric Tilak Air Sampler for a period of five months during Rabi Season. Altogether 46 types of bipollutants were identified of which 41 belonged to fungal spore type origin, while remaining 5 types belonged to group Other types. Out of the total 41 fungal biopollutants, 26 belonged to Deuteromycotina, 9 to Ascomycotina, 3 to Basidiomycotina, 2 to Mastigomycotina and 1 to Zygomycotina. Fungal biopollutants of Alternaria (6.2%), Cercospora (4.1%), Helminthosporium (3.5%), Cladosporium (27.5%), Curvularia (3.2%), Drechslern (3.5%), Aspergilli + Penicilli (2.2%), Diplodia (1.8%), Rust Spores (6.2%), Smut Spores (4.1%), Colletotrichum (1.8%) and Sclerospora (0.9%) were recorded which caused leaf spot diseases, rust diseases, smut diseases, anthracnose and downy mildew disease in the test fields. The relationship among incidence of these fungal biopollutants in the air over Jowar fields, changes in the meteorological conditions and the results are presented in the paper. Copyright © EM International. Source

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