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Amritsar, India

Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2014

With the technology ruling over each sphere of our modern lives it is no wonder that it is also proving to be a source of great help to the forensic experts who with their work make the dead talk. Technology is fast replacing the manual and mental traditional methods and with the launching of igene and autopsy suites virtual autopsy/digital autopsy / autopsy imaging is indeed moving from fiction to becoming a factual reality. Though forensic radiology has been in use since the discovery of X-rays but the technique which was used to visualize and analyze the mummified remains of people who died thousands of years ago sowed the seed of digital visualization being promoted commercially as digital autopsy. In the setting of Forensic evaluation, 3D surface scanning using multislice CT technology provides excellent visualization of the body and allows re-examination of digital images of the deceased long after the actual time of death. Source

Bachhel R.,Government Medical College | Thaman R.G.,SGRDIMSAR
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Introduction: Active learning strategies have been documented to enhance learning. We created an active learning environment in neuromuscular physiology lectures for first year medical students by using 'Pause Procedure'. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty medical students class is divided into two Groups (Group A and Group B) and taught in different classes. Each lecture of group A (experimental Group) undergraduate first year medical students was divided into short presentations of 12-15 min each. Each presentation was followed by a pause of 2-3min, three times in a 50 min lecture. During the pauses students worked in pairs to discuss and rework their notes. Any queries were directed towards the teacher and discussed forthwith. At the end of each lecture students were given 2-3 minutes to write down the key points they remembered about the lecture (free-recall). Fifteen days after completion of the lectures a 30 item MCQ test was administered to measure long term recall. Group B (control Group) received the same lectures without the use of pause procedure and was similarly tested. Results: Experimental Group students did significantly better on the MCQ test (p-value<0.05) in comparison to the control Group. Most of the students (83.6%) agreed that the 'pause procedure' helped them to enhance lecture recall. Conclusion: Pause procedure is a good active learning strategy which helps students review their notes, reflect on them, discuss and explain the key ideas with their partners. Moreover, it requires only 6-7 min of the classroom time and can significantly enhance student learning. Source

Jhajj H.S.,Punjabi University | Kaur H.,SGRDIMSAR
RQD 2014 - Proceedings - 20th ISSAT International Conference Reliability and Quality in Design | Year: 2014

For predicting the population median of variable under study, a family of efficient predictors has been defined by using prior information of population parameters based upon concomitant variables under sampling design. The comparison of proposed family of predictors has been made with the existing ones with respect to their mean square errors. It has been shown that efficient predictors can be developed from the family under the given practical situations which will have smaller mean square error than the best considered linear regression type predictor. Effort has been made to illustrate the results numerically as well as graphically by taking some empirical population considered in the literature. Source

Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2016

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases constitute the leading cause of death in men in economically developed countries. It is estimated that there were approximately 46.9 million patients with cardiovascular disease in India during the year 2010. Material and methods: The study was undertaken in prospective manner at Swaroop Rani Nehru Hospital, Allahabad, affiliated to Moti Lal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad. 97 patients with myocardial infarction were taken in to consideration. 9 patients did not give the consent so total of 88 patients were included in the study. Results: Out Of total patients 72 were males. Mean age of the patients was 55.13. Eighteen patients (20.45%) were known hypertensive. (22.73%) of the patients were found to have diabetes mellitus. 46 patients used to smoke. All the smokers were males. Out of the smokers 14 expired. Relation between smoking and mortality was found to be significant with p=.0410. 37 (42%) of the patients were having sedentary lifestyle out of whom 26 were males and 11were females .19 patients had history of prior MI out of them 14(19.45%) were males and 5(31.25%) were males. A significant relation was found between prior MI and mortality (p= .0141). Conclusions: There is an increasing epidemic of non communicable diseases in developing countries. It is seen that preventable risk factors play an important role in heart diseases. These factors increase the risk of mortality. So efforts should be done to prevent these risk factors at primodial and primary level only. © 2016, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved. Source

National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology | Year: 2015

Background: Anaemia is a global public health problem. Adolescents are vulnerable to iron deficiency because of increased iron requirements related to rapid growth. Considerable changes in growth pattern, lifestyle, dietary habits, and behavior are likely to influence the haemoglobin levels among adolescents belonging to high-income group.Aims & Objective: The objective of the study was to determine haemoglobin status and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents and study the correlation between them.Materials and Methods: Three hundred medical students of Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (SGRDIMSAR, Amritsar, Punjab, India) belonging to both the sexes were studied after taking consent on format for anthropometric parameters using standard protocol. BMI of ≥18.5 kg/m2 was used to define undernutrition status. Haemoglobin level was estimated in g%. Statistical analyses were carried out using mean and standard deviation; Student’s t-test was used for measuring the effect of gender on correlation of Anaemia with BMI.Results: In our study, 86 (45.7%) girl students were found to have Anaemia (Hb <12 g%) with only 2 (1.7%) boys had haemoglobin levels <12 g%; 67 (60%) boys were overweight whereas 34 (18%) girls showed undernutrition. A positive correlation of haemoglobin with grades of BMI was found in both in boys and girls; however, none of the correlation showed significance to the levels of <0.05.Conclusion: Nutritional Anaemia and undernutrition prevailed more among girl students rather than boys in spite of being literate and having healthy nutritive diet. We recommend that adolescents be screened periodically for Anaemia, and multisectorial community-based approach should be adopted to combat this serious public health issue. © 2015 Mrs Deepika Charan. All rights reserved. Source

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