SGRDIMSAR

Amritsar, India

SGRDIMSAR

Amritsar, India

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Jhajj H.S.,Punjabi University | Kaur H.,SGRDIMSAR
RQD 2014 - Proceedings - 20th ISSAT International Conference Reliability and Quality in Design | Year: 2014

For predicting the population median of variable under study, a family of efficient predictors has been defined by using prior information of population parameters based upon concomitant variables under sampling design. The comparison of proposed family of predictors has been made with the existing ones with respect to their mean square errors. It has been shown that efficient predictors can be developed from the family under the given practical situations which will have smaller mean square error than the best considered linear regression type predictor. Effort has been made to illustrate the results numerically as well as graphically by taking some empirical population considered in the literature.


Kaur N.,SGRDIMSAR | Chaudhary R.K.,SGRDIMSAR | Dalal J.S.,CMC | Rai H.,Government Medical College
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2015

Rigor Mortis is one of the early signs of death. It is a state of stiffening and shortening of the muscles after death. Rigor Mortis is an important indicator of post-mortem interval. Though it is a reliable tool of estimating postmortem interval, it is influenced by many endogenous and exogenous factors. Temperature and humidity, nature of death, condition of the muscles before death are very important factors which influence the onset, development and passing away of rigor mortis. In the present study 500 medico-legal autopsy cases were taken to note down the effect of these factors on rigor mortis. © 2015, World Informations Syndicate. All rights reserved.


Bachhel R.,Government Medical College | Thaman R.G.,SGRDIMSAR
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2014

Introduction: Active learning strategies have been documented to enhance learning. We created an active learning environment in neuromuscular physiology lectures for first year medical students by using 'Pause Procedure'. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty medical students class is divided into two Groups (Group A and Group B) and taught in different classes. Each lecture of group A (experimental Group) undergraduate first year medical students was divided into short presentations of 12-15 min each. Each presentation was followed by a pause of 2-3min, three times in a 50 min lecture. During the pauses students worked in pairs to discuss and rework their notes. Any queries were directed towards the teacher and discussed forthwith. At the end of each lecture students were given 2-3 minutes to write down the key points they remembered about the lecture (free-recall). Fifteen days after completion of the lectures a 30 item MCQ test was administered to measure long term recall. Group B (control Group) received the same lectures without the use of pause procedure and was similarly tested. Results: Experimental Group students did significantly better on the MCQ test (p-value<0.05) in comparison to the control Group. Most of the students (83.6%) agreed that the 'pause procedure' helped them to enhance lecture recall. Conclusion: Pause procedure is a good active learning strategy which helps students review their notes, reflect on them, discuss and explain the key ideas with their partners. Moreover, it requires only 6-7 min of the classroom time and can significantly enhance student learning.


Kaur N.,SGRDIMSAR
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2014

With the technology ruling over each sphere of our modern lives it is no wonder that it is also proving to be a source of great help to the forensic experts who with their work make the dead talk. Technology is fast replacing the manual and mental traditional methods and with the launching of igene and autopsy suites virtual autopsy/digital autopsy / autopsy imaging is indeed moving from fiction to becoming a factual reality. Though forensic radiology has been in use since the discovery of X-rays but the technique which was used to visualize and analyze the mummified remains of people who died thousands of years ago sowed the seed of digital visualization being promoted commercially as digital autopsy. In the setting of Forensic evaluation, 3D surface scanning using multislice CT technology provides excellent visualization of the body and allows re-examination of digital images of the deceased long after the actual time of death.


Kaur H.,SGRDIMSAR | Kaur A.,SGRDIMSAR | Devgun P.,SGRDIMSAR | Nagpal M.,SGRDIMSAR | Gill K.,SGRDIMSAR
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2016

Introduction: Contraceptive information and services are fundamental to the health and rights of all individuals. Most couples in India do not want to use a contraceptive method on a long-term basis for the fear of side-effects. Unplanned pregnancies are common. So the present study was planned to find out the contraceptive practices among married women in reproductive age group and also awareness levels regarding emergency contraception were explored among married women. Material & method: The present cross – sectional study was conducted in rural and urban field practice areas of Department of Community Medicine, SGRDIMSAR, Amritsar. Married women were selected by adopting simple random sampling technique. Pre-Designed, pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect information. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Results: The study depicted that 61.2% women in rural and 47.4% in urban area belonged to age group of 20-30 years. The present study revealed that 74.8% women in rural and 82.3% in urban area were aware about contraceptive methods.18.3% women in rural area and 41.7% in urban area were aware about emergency contraception. Out of those aware, use of emergency contraceptive pill was mentioned by 37.5% women in rural and 62.5% in urban area. Discussion: Education profile of women revealed that in rural area women were mainly educated below matric while in urban area women had education till matric. More than three fourth of women were using contraceptive methods in both rural and urban area in present study. Awareness levels about emergency contraception were low in both rural & urban areas. Conclusions: There is need to educate women collectively through health facilities, media, government and non government organizations with emphasis on available methods of contraceptives. © 2016, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Kaur A.,SGRDIMSAR | Kaur H.,SGRDIMSAR | Devgun P.,SGRDIMSAR
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2016

Background: Anganwadi worker (AWW) is a key functionary or key volunteer at Anganwadi centre to provide the package of services. Immunization is one of the very important health services under ICDS. The AWW should have adequate knowledge regarding each and every aspect of immunization. So the present study was conducted to assess the knowledge of AWW about the vaccine preventable diseases and the vaccine available for them under National Immunization Schedule. Method: The present study was conducted in the Department of Community Medicine, SGRDIMSAR, Amritsar. A total of 189 AWW were chosen by stratified random sampling method. The data was collected from AWW using predesigned & pretested questionnaire. Pre-test & post- test assessment was done to assess the knowledge about vaccine preventable diseases and vaccine available for them. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS 20.0 version. Results: The study reveals that 44.4% of the AWW were in age group of 31-40 years. 47.1% of AWW knew correctly about the number of diseases for which vaccine is available under National Immunization Schedule. The knowledge regarding various aspects of Vaccine preventable diseases was found to increase with increase in education level. There was improvement in the knowledge scores in the post test and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusions: The AWW are the key persons who will promote the good practices of services related to ICDS to enhance the health and nutritional status among mothers and children. There is a need to provide quality training to AWW to increase their knowledge regarding the diseases and vaccines available for them. © 2016, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Kaur A.,SGRDIMSAR | Singh J.,SGRDIMSAR
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2016

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases constitute the leading cause of death in men in economically developed countries. It is estimated that there were approximately 46.9 million patients with cardiovascular disease in India during the year 2010. Material and methods: The study was undertaken in prospective manner at Swaroop Rani Nehru Hospital, Allahabad, affiliated to Moti Lal Nehru Medical College, Allahabad. 97 patients with myocardial infarction were taken in to consideration. 9 patients did not give the consent so total of 88 patients were included in the study. Results: Out Of total patients 72 were males. Mean age of the patients was 55.13. Eighteen patients (20.45%) were known hypertensive. (22.73%) of the patients were found to have diabetes mellitus. 46 patients used to smoke. All the smokers were males. Out of the smokers 14 expired. Relation between smoking and mortality was found to be significant with p=.0410. 37 (42%) of the patients were having sedentary lifestyle out of whom 26 were males and 11were females .19 patients had history of prior MI out of them 14(19.45%) were males and 5(31.25%) were males. A significant relation was found between prior MI and mortality (p= .0141). Conclusions: There is an increasing epidemic of non communicable diseases in developing countries. It is seen that preventable risk factors play an important role in heart diseases. These factors increase the risk of mortality. So efforts should be done to prevent these risk factors at primodial and primary level only. © 2016, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Kaur H.,SGRDIMSAR | Singh R.R.,SGRDIMSAR | Singh M.,SGRDIMSAR
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2016

Introduction Expansion in the road network, a surge in motorization and the rising population in the country contribute toward the increasing numbers of road accidents. So this study was planned to assess the socio-demographic profile of road traffic accident victims and associated factors. Material & Methods The present cross-sectional study was done at SGRDIMSAR, Hospital, Amritsar. A pre -designed proforma was used for collection of information and statistical analysis was done by using SPSS 20.0 version. Results The study revealed that 36% of road traffic accident victims belonged to age group of less than 25 years. Out of total 225 RTA victims, 11.1% were pedestrians, 49.3% were drivers of two wheelers, 11.1% were drivers of four wheelers, 8.4% were drivers of heavy vehicles while rest were occupants of two wheelers. Discussion: The results of the study revealed that maximum number of victims of Road traffic accidents belonged to younger age group age group of less than 25 years. It was observed that out of total victims, almost half of the victims (49.3%) were drivers of two – wheelers. Conclusions: Campaigns should be conducted to create awareness on matters related to road safety especially among younger population. © 2016, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Kaur H.,SGRDIMSAR | Singh R.R.,SGRDIMSAR | Singh M.,SGRDIMSAR
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2016

Introduction: Road traffic injuries are a growing public health and development problem. Road traffic injuries are predicted to rise from tenth place in 2002 to eighth place by 2030 as a contributor to the global burden of diseases. The road accident situation in India is alarming.So the present study was planned to ascertain the pattern of injury in road traffic accident victims. Material & method: The present cross- sectional study was done at SGRDIMSAR, Hospital, Amritsar. All the road traffic accident victims who reported in the emergency wing of the hospital of SGRDIMSAR, Amritsar from October 2015 – December 2015 were included in the study. A pre -designed pre-tested proforma was used to collect information from the accident victims. The statistical analysis was done by using SPSS 20.0 version. Results: It was observed that there were 209 (92.9%) males and 16 (7.1%) female victims RTA in this study. 36% of victims of RTA belonged to less than 25 years of age, followed by 21.3% in age group of 26-35 years, 24.4% were in age group of 36-45 years, 14.7% were in age group of 14.7% and 3.6% belonged to age group of more than 55 years. Head and neck injuries were observed in 78.7% of victims of RTA. Upper Limb & Lower Limb were involved in 67.1% & 63.1 % victims respectively. Maximum number of injuries were involved among drivers of two wheelers. Discussion: Maximum accidents in our study were observed to be in younger age group. Maximum injuries (74.2%) were observed in head and neck region in our study. The lack or inappropriate use of helmets has been shown to increase the risk of injuries resulting from road crashes involving motorized two wheelers. Conclusions: Encouraging a culture of safe road behavior that in turn achieves sustained educations in road traffic injuries requires persistent attention. Sustaining high levels of enforcement and maintaining a high perception of enforcement among the public are essential to the success of such legislative measures. Helmet legislation needs to be supported by strong enforcement and social marketing campaigns. © 2016, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Kaur M.,SGRDIMSAR | Singh A.,General Motors | Bassi R.,SGRDIMSAR | Kaur H.,SGRDIMSAR
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology | Year: 2015

Background: Anaemia is a global public health problem. Adolescents are vulnerable to iron deficiency because of increased iron requirements related to rapid growth. Considerable changes in growth pattern, lifestyle, dietary habits, and behavior are likely to influence the haemoglobin levels among adolescents belonging to high-income group.Aims & Objective: The objective of the study was to determine haemoglobin status and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents and study the correlation between them.Materials and Methods: Three hundred medical students of Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (SGRDIMSAR, Amritsar, Punjab, India) belonging to both the sexes were studied after taking consent on format for anthropometric parameters using standard protocol. BMI of ≥18.5 kg/m2 was used to define undernutrition status. Haemoglobin level was estimated in g%. Statistical analyses were carried out using mean and standard deviation; Student’s t-test was used for measuring the effect of gender on correlation of Anaemia with BMI.Results: In our study, 86 (45.7%) girl students were found to have Anaemia (Hb <12 g%) with only 2 (1.7%) boys had haemoglobin levels <12 g%; 67 (60%) boys were overweight whereas 34 (18%) girls showed undernutrition. A positive correlation of haemoglobin with grades of BMI was found in both in boys and girls; however, none of the correlation showed significance to the levels of <0.05.Conclusion: Nutritional Anaemia and undernutrition prevailed more among girl students rather than boys in spite of being literate and having healthy nutritive diet. We recommend that adolescents be screened periodically for Anaemia, and multisectorial community-based approach should be adopted to combat this serious public health issue. © 2015 Mrs Deepika Charan. All rights reserved.

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