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Bouallagui Z.,Sfax Biotechnology Center | Bouaziz M.,Sfax Biotechnology Center | Lassoued S.,University of Sfax | Engasser J.M.,CNRS Biomolecular Engineering Laboratory | And 2 more authors.
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

We previously reported the production of high yields of hydroxytyrosol through the bioconversion of tyrosol. In the present work, hydroxytyrosol was subjected to the lipase catalyzed acylation aiming for the recovery of more lipophilic esters that might be easily incorporated in cosmetic and food preparations. Hydroxytyrosyl acetate and hydroxytyrosyl oleate were produced with respective molar esterification yields of 98% and 78%. DPPH free radical quenching potency demonstrated that the acylation of hydroxytyrosol did not alter its antioxidant activity. The acylated esters were shown to be more effective than the natural antioxidant: caffeic acid and two synthetic ones as BHA and BHT. Antiproliferative activity on human cervical cells (HeLa) resulted in IC50 values of 0.46, 0.42 and 0.33 mM for hydroxytyrosol and its acetyl and oleyl esters, respectively. Additionally, when used at a non-cytotoxic concentration (100 μM), these compounds showed significant effectiveness in preventing iron-induced oxidative stress, resulting in a reduction of 30%, 36% and 38% in thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance production, respectively. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Fendri A.,Sfax Biotechnology Center | Kontos C.K.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Khabir A.,University of Sfax | Mokdad-Gargouri R.,Sfax Biotechnology Center | Scorilas A.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Molecular Medicine | Year: 2011

BCL2-like 12 (BCL2L12) is a new member of the apoptosis-related BCL2 gene family, members of which are implicated in various malignancies. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a highly metastatic, malignant epithelial tumor, with a high prevalence in Southeast Asia and North Africa. The purpose of the current study was to quantify and investigate the expression levels of the BCL2L12 gene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma biopsies and to assess its prognostic value. Total RNA was isolated from 89 malignant and hyperplastic nasopharyngeal biopsies from Tunisian patients. After testing the quality of the extracted RNA, cDNA was prepared by reverse transcription. A highly sensitive real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for BCL2L12 mRNA quantification was developed using SYBR® Green chemistry. GAPDH served as a reference gene. Relative quantification analysis was performed using the comparative CT (2-ΔΔCT) method. Higher BCL2L12 mRNA levels were detected in undifferentiated carcinomas of the nasopharynx, rather than in nonkeratinizing nasopharyngeal tumors (P = 0.045). BCL2L12 expression status was also found to be positively associated with the presence of distant metastases (P = 0.014). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that patients with BCL2L12-positive nasopharyngeal tumors have significantly shorter disease-free survival (P = 0.020). Cox regression analysis showed BCL2L12 expression to be an unfavorable and independent prognostic indicator of short-term relapse in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (P = 0.042). Our results suggest that mRNA expression of BCL2L12 may constitute a novel biomarker for the prediction of short-term relapse in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. © 2011 The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research. Source

Bouallagui Z.,Sfax Biotechnology Center | Han J.,University of Tsukuba | Isoda H.,University of Tsukuba | Sayadi S.,Sfax Biotechnology Center
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2011

Throughout the history, olive (Olea europea L.) leaves have been heavily exploited for the prevention or the treatment of hypertension, carcinogenesis, diabetes, atherosclerosis and so many other traditional therapeutic uses. These activities are thought to be the output of olive micronutrients especially polyphenols. Hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein are considered as major polyphenolic compounds in olive leaf. In this work, a hydroxytyrosol rich olive leaves extract was investigated for potential anti-tumoral activities. In vitro cytotoxic effects against MCF-7 breast cancer cells were examined using MTT and neutral red tests. The anti-tumor activities were further investigated by flow cytometry and western blotting. Cytotoxicity assays resulted in a dose dependent growth inhibition of MCF-7 cells. This inhibition was due to the cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase. The understanding of the molecular mechanism by which olive leaves extract arrested cell growth showed a down-expression of the peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase Pin1 which in turn decreased the level of a G1 key protein; Cyclin D1. Additionally, olive leaves extract treatment up-regulated the AP1 transcription factor member, c-jun. Therefore, olive leaves extract will necessitate further deep investigation for a probable use as a cancer preventive food additive. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Hadrich F.,Sfax Biotechnology Center | Garcia M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Maalej A.,Sfax Biotechnology Center | Moldes M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 3 more authors.
Life Sciences | Year: 2016

Aims Oleuropein has been recognized as an important medicinal compound because of its various biological properties, including anti-cancer, antidiabetic and anti-atherosclerotic activities. Here, we evaluate the antioxidant activity as well as the mechanism of the hypoglycemic effects of oleuropein in C2C12 cells and we establish the mechanism underlying these effects. Main methods To perform this study, C2C12 cells viability was analyzed via MTT assay and the antioxidant activity was investigated by ROS and TBARS assays. Also, the effect of oleuropein on AMPK and PI3 kinase signaling pathways was evaluated. Key findings Treatment with oleuropein was able to protect cells against H2O2 induced stress in cells. On the other hand, the molecular bases of its actions have been scarcely understood. Oleuropein significantly enhanced glucose consumption and the phosphorylation of AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase/ACC (acetyl-CoA carboxylase)) and MAPKs (mitogen-activated protein kinases), but not PI3 kinase (Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase)/Akt. However, the co-treatment of oleuropein and insulin improved the insulin sensitivity via insulin-dependent (PI3 kinase/Akt) and insulin independent (AMPK/ACC) pathways. These results could be confirmed from the findings of GLUT4 translocation which was strongly enhanced in the case of oleuropein. Significance Our results provide important insights for the possible mechanism of action of oleuropein as a therapeutic agent in diabetic patients. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Hadrich F.,Sfax Biotechnology Center | Bouallagui Z.,Sfax Biotechnology Center | Junkyu H.,University of Tsukuba | Isoda H.,University of Tsukuba | Sayadi S.,Sfax Biotechnology Center
Journal of Oleo Science | Year: 2015

To date, numerous studies have reported on the antidiabetic properties of various plant extracts through inhibition of carbohydrate-hydrolysing enzymes. The objective of this research was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of the hydroxytyrosol and the oleuropein against α-amylase and α-glucosidase. The hydroxytyrosol was purified from olive leaves. The result shows that the hydroxytyrosol had the strongest α-glucosidase inhibitory effect with IC50 values of 150 mM with mild inhibition against α-amylase. The enzyme kinetic studies, using Lineweaver–Burk indicated that, in the presence of the hydroxytyrosol, the Michaelis–Menton constant (Km) remained constant but the maximal velocity (Vmax) decreased, revealing a non-competitive type of inhibition with inhibition constants; Ki for the formation of the inhibitor-enzyme complex and Kis for the formation of the inhibitor-enzyme-substrate complex of 104.3 and 150.1 mM, respectively. On the other hand, oleuropein showedan uncompetitive inhibition. The concentrations used in this work were below cytotoxic levels observed at 400 mM. However, at 600 mM, the hydroxytyrosol significantly decreased viability of the Caco-2 cells (p < 0.05) and in the case of the oleuropein, there’s an increase in cell number compared to control (p < 0.05). These results suggest that the hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein are two potential effective α-glucosidase inhibitors for management of postprandial hyperglycemia. © 2015 by Japan Oil Chemists’ Society. Source

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