Entity

Time filter

Source Type


Muccino E.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Gentile G.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Marchesi M.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Zoja R.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni
Medicine, Science and the Law | Year: 2015

Traumatic lethal injuries caused by crossbows are a rarity in forensic pathology. They occur as accidents, suicide and, more rarely, as murders. We report a case of murder received at the Institute of Legal Medicine in Milan carried out by two weapons – a crossbow and a hunting knife – that resulted in multiple thoraco-abdominal wounds. The case is also rare because of the unique circumstances involving the victim – a local service psychiatrist – and the perpetrator – a former medical specialist in psychiatry, suffering from a delusional psychotic disorder. The crossbow was the decisive instrument in the realization of the murder; it was chosen with premeditation for its high destructive capacity and the fact that it was easily obtainable, and it was used with darts that were specially modified to increase its harmful capacity. The presented case, as well as providing an opportunity to highlight the damaging effects of a rarely used weapon, stresses the problems inherent with access to tools such as the crossbow that are used in sport, and which are potentially dangerous but easily accessible, even to those with serious mental disorders, rendering them legally unfit for using firearms. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav Source


Muccino E.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Giovanetti G.F.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Crudele G.D.L.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Gentile G.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | And 3 more authors.
Medicine, Science and the Law | Year: 2016

This article presents a case of patricide. The murder was characterised by multiple blunt traumas and asphyxia. A mass of contused wounds was localised to the head and neck, and included the complete avulsion of the left eye (by an unknown tool), which was recovered near the cadaver. This case is of interest due to the possibility of identifying microscopic traces of the object that was used for the homicide by examining the skin margins around the ocular injury. The analysis was conducted using scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDX). Analysis of the skin margins allowed microscopic inorganic traces to be detected, which were identified as ceramic material. This result focused the attention of the investigation on a small fish-shaped statue that had been previously found by the police when examining the crime scene. The use of SEM/EDX was therefore essential in determining a match between the microscopic traces detected on the perilesional skin and the composition of the statue. This led to the suspicion that the statue was the murder weapon. © 2015, © The Author(s) 2015. Source


Mobilia F.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Andreola S.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Gentile G.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Palazzo E.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | And 2 more authors.
Medicine, Science and the Law | Year: 2013

Diaphragmatic hernias can be a pitfall for paediatric diagnostics, especially in the cases of late presentation, which can also have medico-legal ramifications as exposed. A three-year-old boy was taken to a children's hospital after an episode of abdominal pain and vomiting of food. A physical examination proved normal, with mild ketonuria being found and he was discharged. Three months later for the same signs and symptoms, he was taken once more to hospital, where he arrived in a state of cardiac arrest and died. A lawsuit was begun against the doctors who had examined him three months earlier. The autopsy found herniation of the abdominal organs into the left pleural cavity through a defect in the left hemidiaphragm. The cause of death was identified as cardiac tamponade caused by mechanical compression of multiple herniated abdominal organs. The histopathological examination revealed marked atelectasis of the left lung, with non-expansion of 60-90% of the alveoli which suggested an acute mechanism that proved fatal, and the doctors were acquitted. The features of this disease and the possible difficulties in its diagnosis highlight the need for the utmost attention in differential diagnosis, even at an age where the discovery of a diaphragmatic hernia is exceedingly rare. Source


Zoja R.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Andreola S.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Gentile G.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | Palazzo E.,Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni | And 2 more authors.
Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2013

In ethylene glycol poisoning, the substance's toxicity is attributed to its metabolites, which are transformed in the body into calcium oxalate deposits. This case concerns a man who died five months after having attempted to commit suicide by swallowing an unknown quantity of ethylene glycol in the form of brake oil. The autopsy, ordered by the Judicial Authorities, revealed some interesting findings in the pericardium and visceral pleura. Chemical and toxicological tests were carried out on the bodily fluids and organs and proved negative of anything relevant, probably due to the time that had passed between the suicide attempt and the eventual death. Histopathological examination of the organs conducted using traditional techniques was the only technique that found signs of the previous poisoning, in the form of multiple microcalcifications of different sizes in various areas of the myocardium, glomeruli and renal tubules, associated with local necrosis of the renal parenchyma. The authors consider this case particularly interesting for its pathological/forensic profile, the rarity of this type of poisoning and the histopathological finding, at this later time, of calcium oxalate microcalcifications in the myocardium and kidneys, directly attributable to the harmful action of the ethylene glycol ingested five months earlier. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Discover hidden collaborations