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Tomsk Region, Russia

Karpov A.B.,Seversk Biophysics Research Center | Semenova Y.V.,Seversk Biophysics Research Center | Takhauov R.M.,Seversk Biophysics Research Center | Litvinenko T.M.,Seversk Biophysics Research Center | Kalinkin D.E.,Seversk Biophysics Research Center
Health Physics | Year: 2012

During the period from 1998 to 2007, a prospective cohort study of acute myocardial infarction morbidity cases as well as a "case-control" study of arterial hypertension was carried out. The risk of acute myocardial infarction was assessed as well as arterial hypertension; the dose-response relationship and the role of radiation in the mechanism of acute myocardial infarction as well as arterial hypertension development were studied. As a result of this study, a statistically significant increased risk of acute myocardial infarction among the male staff at the Siberian Group of Chemical Enterprises [standardized relative risk = 1.16 (1.04; 1.29)] exposed to external irradiation in comparison with employees unexposed to ionizing radiation was observed. A significant increase in the risk of acute myocardial infarction was observed at external radiation dose accumulation of more than 300 mSv [standardized relative risk = 1.46 (1.09; 1.91)]. The increase in arterial hypertension risk has been established among the analyzed group of employees exposed to long-term irradiation in the absence of the linear dependence of risk, based on cumulative dose of external γ-irradiation [risk due to external radiation dose in the range of 7.3-21.3 mSv = 1.6 (0.96; 2.51) and in the range of external radiation dose 21.4-68.5 mSv = 1.7 (1.04; 2.67) for 68.6-864 mSv = 1.6 (1.01; 2.57)]. This led to the conclusion that radiation can act also as a factor that might potentiate the negative effects of the "traditional" risk factors in the pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction and hypertension. Copyright © 2012 Health Physics Society. Source

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