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Castel Guelfo di Bologna, Italy

Perseghin P.,Servizio di Immunoematologia e Trasfusionale | Marchetti M.,Unita di Ematologia | Pierelli L.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Olivieri A.,Marche Polytechnic University | And 6 more authors.
Transfusion | Year: 2014

BACKGROUND: Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) requires collection and cryopreservation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), which in turn may be partially or never reinfused. Thus, HPC storage has become a logistic, ethical, and economic issue. SIDEM, GITMO, and CNT/ISS endorsed a project aimed to define national criteria for HPC disposal aimed to guarantee appropriateness and equity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel was convened including HPC harvest and manipulation experts from apheresis units, hematologists with clinical expertise in ASCT, a representative of the national health authority, and a bioethicist. An analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was carried out to select disposal criteria. RESULTS: The AHP selected two criteria for prompt disposal of freshly collected HPCs: an abnormal freezing procedure causing highly reduced viability or major microbiology contamination. Moreover, AHP selected six major criteria, each one of them allowing for the disposal of stored HPC units: patient death, withdrawal of consent to ASCT, contraindications or loss of indications to ASCT, a damaged label that prevents correct identification of the unit, and time elapsed since harvest longer than 10 years. Three minor criteria were additionally identified that allowed to anticipate disposal only provided that viability levels are below the limit of acceptance: a documented cold chain interruption, loss of bag integrity, and total amount of stored CD34+ cells lower than 1 × 106/kg or lower than 2 × 106/kg in patients with a successfully completed stem cell transplantation program. CONCLUSIONS: A formal consensus process allowed SIDEM and GITMO to propose a policy for autologous HPC disposal that fulfills clinical, ethical, and economic criteria. © 2014 AABB.

Pierelli L.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Berto P.,Pbe Consulting | Accorsi P.,Servizio di Immunoematologia e Trasfusionale | Milone G.,Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit | And 6 more authors.
Transfusion and Apheresis Science | Year: 2013

Scarce information is available about the cost of mobilisation/collection of peripheral blood stem cells for patients undergoing autologous transplant for relapsed Lymphoma or Multiple Myeloma. This paper reports the consumption of resources and costs collected through a survey among Italian Centres who adhere to the GITMO and SIdEM scientific societies. General transplant information was extracted from the European Promise database. Resources used alongside the phases of mobilisation/collection were retrieved. Resources for each of the process phases were quantified and averaged across centres and a unit cost value was attributed, based on administrative data from 3 centres, tariffs and market values. 25/89 Centres (34% of 2009 Promise transplants) provided data according to their standard practice. The mean cost/patient of the process of cell mobilisation/collection was €6830. ±. 1802 for Multiple Myeloma and €7304. ±. 1542 for Lymphoma. The organisational path for PBSC mobilisation/collection appears complex and cumbersome, spread amongst different treatment settings, with many different healthcare professionals being involved and considerable amounts of time and resources being currently dedicated to the management of patients requiring autologous transplantation. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Evangelisti C.,University of Bologna | Ricci F.,Servizio di Immunoematologia e Trasfusionale | Tazzari P.,Servizio di Immunoematologia e Trasfusionale | Chiarini F.,University of Bologna | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Year: 2011

Over the past 20 years, survival rates of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) patients have improved, mainly because of advances in polychemotherapy protocols. Despite these improvements, we still need novel and less toxic treatment strategies targeting aberrantly activated signaling networks which increase proliferation, survival, and drug resistance of T-ALL cells. One such network is represented by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt axis. PI3K inhibitors have displayed some promising effects in preclinical models of T-ALL. Here, we have analyzed the therapeutic potential of the Akt inhibitor, triciribine, in T-ALL cell lines. Triciribine caused cell cycle arrest and caspase-dependent apoptosis. Western blots demonstrated a dose-dependent dephosphorylation of Akt1/Akt2, and of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 downstream targets in response to triciribine. Triciribine induced autophagy, which could be interpreted as a defensive mechanism, because an autophagy inhibitor (chloroquine) increased triciribine-induced apoptosis. Triciribine synergized with vincristine, a chemotherapeutic drug employed for treating T-ALL patients, and targeted the side population of T-ALL cell lines, which might correspond to leukemia initiating cells. Our findings indicate that Akt inhibition, either alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs, may serve as an efficient treatment towards T-ALL cells requiring upregulation of this signaling pathway for their proliferation and survival. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Carnicelli D.,University of Bologna | Arfilli V.,University of Bologna | Ricci F.,Servizio di Immunoematologia e Trasfusionale | Velati C.,Servizio di Immunoematologia e Trasfusionale | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Immunology | Year: 2016

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is the life-threatenig sequela of intestinal infections by Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in children. Human neutrophils specifically bind Stx through TLR4, the receptor of LPS. The binding could be considered protective (Stx sequestration) or harmful (toxin delivery to target organs). The amount of Stx on neutrophils is in equilibrium with the amount of Stx present in the gut, and it is also related to renal and neurologic symptoms. The TLR4-mediated interaction of LPS with innate immune cells is hampered by the well-known antibiotic polymyxin B. In this study, we show that the same antibiotic impairs the binding of Stx to neutrophils, also blocking their functional effects (release of CXCL8, formation of neutrophil/platelet aggregates) involved in HUS pathogenesis. Controls for contaminating LPS in Stx-induced neutrophil responses inhibited by polymyxin B were performed. Stx interact with human neutrophils through their A chain, since these leukocytes do not express globotriaosylceramide, the specific receptor for Stx B chains. Consistently, polymyxin B blocked the enzymatic activity of Stx1, Stx2, Stx1 A chain, and the analogous plant protein gelonin, whereas the antibiotic did not show any protective effect on Stx-induced cytotoxicity in globotriaosylceramide-expressing Raji cells. Antibiotic administration is not recommended in human STEC infections during the prodromal intestinal phase, and the toxicity of polymyxin B could further discourage its therapeutic use. However, nontoxic, nonbactericidal polymyxin derivatives have been developed and might be used in animal models of STEC infection to study their efficacy in preventing the onset of HUS during the systemic blood phase of Stx. © 2016 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

Brigotti M.,University of Bologna | Tazzari P.L.,Servizio di Immunoematologia e Trasfusionale | Ravanelli E.,University of Bologna | Carnicelli D.,University of Bologna | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Leukocyte Biology | Year: 2010

The endothelial damage induced by Stx represents the main pathogenic event in the HUS associated with STEC infections in humans. Stx, released in the gut by bacteria, enter the bloodstream and are targeted to renal endothelia. The role of PMN as a toxin carrier has been the object of controversy. In this paper, we con-firm the binding of Stx1 to PMN, also showing its degranulating effects on full-loaded leukocytes, and support the carrier role of PMN by using a two-chamber transmigration device, in which PMN, loaded in vitro with different amounts of Stx1, transmigrated through confluent monolayers of endothelial cells, mimicking the toxin-induced renal endothelial injury. Stx1 was transferred during PMN transmigration, impairing protein synthesis and triggering production of proinflammatory cytokines in endothelial cells. PMN, carrying low toxin amounts, induced the release of high levels of cytokines in viable endothelial cells, whereas cytokine production was blocked in cells challenged with PMN fully loaded with Stx as a result of an almost total impairment of translation and of the activation of the apoptotic program. In agreement with previous unexplained observations in animal models, the results obtained with our experimental setting suggest that a self-amplifying circle triggered by low doses of toxin may lead to the production of proinflammatory mediators of renal damage in HUS. © Society for Leukocyte Biology.

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