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Porto Alegre, Brazil

Farias M.G.,Servico de Patologia Clinica | Garcia M.P.,Residente do Programa de Residencia Integrada Multiprofissional enfase Onco Hematologia | Cagliari C.R.,Servico de Patologia Clinica
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2012

The immature myeloid information (IMI) provided by the Sysmex XE 2100 hematology analyzer has demonstrated that it is possible to differentiate granulocytes of immature cells in daily practice. A specific reagent lyses mature white blood cells, allowing that immature myeloid cells remain intact and consequently detectable. It is known that lymphoblasts cannot be detected in this channel. This channel does not entail additional costs, since it is provided by the traditional hematology analyzers used in blood tests and is widely useful in differentiating cell lines. This study has aimed to assess the consonance between IMI results and subtypes of acute leukemias and other hematologic malignancies in order to use it as screening test in the definition of cell lineage. A total of 141 cases of hematologic malignancies have been evaluated. Results of the IMI channel were compared using the Sudan Black cytochemical and flow cytometry. The Cohen's Kappa coefficient of agreement between IMI and flow cytometry results was 0.8%. IMI had sensibility and specificity levels of 90.7% and 90.8%, respectively; VP: 68 (91.9%); FP: 6 (8.1%); VN: 59 (89.4%) and FN: 7 (10.6%); PPV 91.9% and NPV 89.4%. The Sysmex XE 2100 analyzer showed a good analytical performance for the detection of immature myeloid cells. These results indicate that the IMI channel has sensitivity and specificity levels, consistent with previous studies. Given this situation, one may conclude that IMI was able to be used as a screening test to complement cytochemistry for identify blasts of myeloid lineage. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter. Berlin. Boston. Source

David S.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Dr Ricardo Jorge Insaip | Duarte E.L.,University of Evora | Leite C.Q.F.,Sao Paulo State University | Ribeiro J.-N.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Dr Ricardo Jorge Insaip | And 7 more authors.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2012

Multidrug and extensively drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis are a threat to tuberculosis control programs. Genotyping methods, such as spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTR typing (Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Units), are useful in monitoring potentially epidemic strains and estimating strain phylogenetic lineages and/or genotypic families. M. tuberculosis Latin American Mediterranean (LAM) family is a major worldwide contributor to tuberculosis (TB). LAM specific molecular markers, Ag85C103 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and RDRio long-sequence polymorphism (LSP), were used to characterize spoligotype signatures from 859 patient isolates from Portugal. LAM strains were found responsible for 57.7% of all tuberculosis cases. Strains with the RDRio deletion (referred to as RDRio) were estimated to represent 1/3 of all the strains and over 60% of the multidrug resistant (MDR) strains. The major spoligotype signature SIT20 belonging to the LAM1 RDRio sublineage, represented close to 1/5th of all the strains, over 20% of which were MDR. Analysis of published datasets according to stipulated 12loci MIRU-VNTR RDRio signatures revealed that 96.3% (129/134) of MDR and extensively drug resistant (XDR) clusters were RDRio. This is the first report associating the LAM RDRio sublineage with MDR. These results are an important contribution to the monitoring of these strains with heightened transmission for future endeavors to arrest MDR-TB and XDR-TB. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Conceicao T.,Institute Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica | Tavares A.,Institute Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica | Miragaia M.,Institute Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica | Hyde K.,Servico de Patologia Clinica | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2010

In order to obtain insights into the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) population structure in the Azores archipelago, 106 MRSA isolates were collected from patients attending an Azorean central hospital between January 2007 and February 2008. Antimicrobial resistance was determined for all isolates. Molecular typing was performed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), spa typing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), staphylococcal chromosome cassette mec (SCCmec) typing and the presence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL). The majority of the isolates (87%, n = 92) belonged to the EMRSA-15 clone (ST22, SCCmec-IVh), followed by the Pediatric clone (ST5-VI/IVc) (11%, n = 12). The Berlin clone (ST45-IVa) and a new clone (spa type t1839, ST1339 and SCCmec V variant) were represented by single isolates. All of the isolates carried SCCmec types IV, V or VI and a non-multiresistant antibiotic profile, resembling the currently emerging community MRSA. Moreover, PVL was described for the first time to be associated with the Pediatric clone carrying SCCmec type VI. We provided the first description of the population structure of MRSA in the Azores islands, which seems to be shaped by genetic events occurring locally, as well as by the regular population exchange between the islands, continental Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States. © 2010 The Author(s). Source

Lutz L.,Unidade de Microbiologia | Pereira D.C.,Unidade de Microbiologia | Paiva R.M.,Unidade de Biologia Molecular | Zavascki A.P.,Infectious Diseases Service | Barth A.L.,Servico de Patologia Clinica
BMC Microbiology | Year: 2012

Background: Biofilm production is an important mechanism for bacterial survival and its association with antimicrobial resistance represents a challenge for the patient treatment. In this study we evaluated the in vitro action of macrolides in combination with anti-pseudomonal agents on biofilm-grown Pseudomonas aeruginosa recovered from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Results: A total of 64 isolates were analysed. The biofilm inhibitory concentration (BIC) results were consistently higher than those obtained by the conventional method, minimal inhibitory concentration, (MIC) for most anti-pseudomonal agents tested (ceftazidime: P=0.001, tobramycin: P=0.001, imipenem: P<0.001, meropenem: P=0.005). When macrolides were associated with the anti-pseudomonal agents, the BIC values were reduced significantly for ceftazidime (P<0.001) and tobramycin (P<0.001), regardless the concentration of macrolides. Strong inhibitory quotient was observed when azithromycin at 8 mg/L was associated with all anti-pseudomonal agents tested in biofilm conditions. Conclusions: P. aeruginosa from CF patients within biofilms are highly resistant to antibiotics but macrolides proved to augment the in vitro activity of anti-pseudomonal agents. © 2012 Lutz et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

de Meis E.,Servico de Patologia Clinica | Azambuja D.,Divisao de Patologia | Ayres-Silva J.P.,Divisao de Patologia | Zamboni M.,Servico de Cirurgia Toracica | And 3 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research | Year: 2010

A correlation between cancer and hypercoagulability has been described for more than a century. Patients with cancer are at increased risk for thrombotic complications and the clotting initiator protein, tissue factor (TF), is possibly involved in this process. Moreover, TF may promote angiogenesis and tumor growth. In addition to TF, thrombin seems to play a relevant role in tumor biology, mainly through activation of protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1). In the present study, we prospectively studied 39 lung adenocarcinoma patients in relation to the tumor expression levels of TF and PAR-1 and their correlation with thrombosis outcome and survival. Immunohistochemical analysis showed TF positivity in 22 patients (56%), most of them in advanced stages (III and IV). Expression of PAR-1 was found in 15 patients (39%), most of them also in advanced stages (III and IV). Remarkably, no correlation was observed between the expression of TF or PAR-1 and risk for thrombosis development. On the other hand, patients who were positive for TF or PAR-1 tended to have decreased long-term survival. We conclude that immunolocalization of either TF or PAR-1 in lung adenocarcinoma may predict a poor prognosis although lacking correlation with thrombosis outcome. Source

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